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A Lusophone (or lusophone) is someone who speaks the Portuguese language as a native, as an additional language or as a learner. As an adjective, it means "Portuguese-speaking". The word itself is derived from the name of the ancient Roman province of Lusitania, which covered an area that is today Portugalmarker. The notion reaches beyond the dictionary definition of "Portuguese speaker". It extends to refer to people who are culturally and linguistically linked to Portugal, either historically or by choice. The term does not have an ethnic connotation, in that a lusophone may not have any Portuguese ancestry at all. The Lusophone world is mainly a legacy of the Portuguese empire, although Portuguese diaspora communities have also played a role in spreading the Portuguese language and Portuguese culture. Even after the empire's collapse, the corresponding countries continue to exhibit both cultural and political affinities and a broad cultural diversity, expressed in the existence of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countriesmarker, created in 1996.

Lusophone countries include Portugalmarker, Brazilmarker, Mozambiquemarker, Angolamarker, São Tomé and Príncipemarker, Cape Verdemarker, Guinea-Bissaumarker, East Timormarker, the Chinese Special Administrative Region (SAR) of Macaumarker and others in various parts of the world, including Indiamarker's Goamarker and Keralamarker states, and the town of Melakamarker in Malaysiamarker. The Community of Portuguese Language Countriesmarker is an international organization consisting of the eight independent countries where Portuguese is an official language. These countries are also referred to as the "Lusosphere". Diaspora communities in the United Statesmarker, Canadamarker, Venezuelamarker, South Africa and Western Europe are also important centers for the Portuguese language, as well as an often hybrid or bilingual Lusophone migrant culture.

Sometimes Galiciamarker, in Spainmarker, where the Galician language is spoken, is also included, as Galician is similar to Portuguese and sometimes considered the same language.

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