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Lyon Metro: Map

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The Lyon Metro, in Lyonmarker, Francemarker, first opened in 1978 and now consists of four lines. It is part of the Transports en Commun Lyonnais (TCL) system of public transport, and is supported by a network of tramways.

Like the SNCF, but unlike all other French metro systems (excluding the RER), Lyon metro trains run on the left, the result of an unrealised project to run the metro into the suburbs on existing railway lines. The loading gauge for lines A, B, and D is , more generous than the average for metros in Europe. The loading gauge for line C is . The Lyon Metro owes its inspiration to the Montreal Metro which was built a few years prior, and has the same rubber-wheel cars and station design.The total track length is , 80% of which is underground and it has over 708,000 daily weekday boardings.

Routes

The métro system consists of four lines, A-B-C-D, each identified on maps by different colours:
Line Colour Opened Terminus
A Red 1978 Perrachemarker - Vaulx en Velin La Soie
B Blue 1978 Charpennes - Stade de Gerland
C Orange 1981 Hôtel de Ville - Cuire
D Green 1991 Gare de Vaise - Gare de Vénissieux
 

Map of public transports in Lyon

Lines A and B

Lines A (Perrache - Laurent Bonnevay) and B (Charpennes - Part-Dieumarker) were constructed using the cut-and-cover method, and went into service on May 2 1978. Trains on both lines run on tyres rather than steel wheels.

Line B was extended to Jean Macé on September 9 1981, then to Gerland on September 4 2000. A further extension to Oullins is expected to open in 2013.

An extension to Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie on Line A opened in October 2007.

Line C

A rack-railway train of line C at the station Croix-Paquet.


The Croix-Rousse-Croix-Paquet rack railway, which was refurbished in 1974, was integrated into the Metro in 1978 as line C, running from (Hôtel-de-Ville to Croix-Rousse). It was extended to Cuire on December 8 1984.

The line was constructed using various methods; the incline rising through a deep tunnel, the portion on the flat at Croix-Rousse using cut-and-cover, while the section beyond Hénon runs on the surface. The Croix Paquet station claims to be the steepest metro station in Europe, with an incline of 17%.

Line D

Line D commenced operation under human control on September 4 1991 between Gorge-de-Loup and Grange-Blanche. Rubber-tyred trains run automatically with no driver on board, controlled by a system known as MAGGALY (Métro Automatique à Grand Gabarit de l’Agglomération Lyonnaise). The line was extended to Gare de Vénissieux on December 11 1992, at which time it switched to automatic operation. On April 28 1997, it was extended again to Gare de Vaise.

Being the deepest of the lines in Lyon, it was constructed mainly using boring machines and passes under both rivers, the Rhône and the Saône. At 13 km (8.12 mi) long, it is also the longest of the lines in Lyon.

Operation

The Metro, like the rest of the local public transport system, is operated by SLTC - the (Lyon public transport company), under the TCL brand - (Lyon public transport). It is operated on behalf of SYTRAL - the (Lyon metropolitan transport syndicate), a Syndicat Mixte.

See also



References



External links




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