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Lytham St Annes is a conurbation in the Fyldemarker district of Lancashiremarker, Englandmarker. The neighbouring towns of Lytham and St-Annes-on-Sea (the latter nearly always abbreviated to St Annes) have grown together and now form a seaside resort, sometimes seen as a smaller and more genteel alternative to nearby Blackpoolmarker. Lytham and St Annes, together with the smaller communities of Ansdell and Fairhaven, retain their individuality and are described in more detail below.

The towns are situated on the Fylde coastmarker, south of Blackpoolmarker at the point where the coastline turns east to form the estuary of the River Ribblemarker leading inland to Prestonmarker. St Annes is situated on the northern side of the turning and, like Blackpoolmarker, overlooks the Irish Sea, whereas Lytham is on the eastern side and overlooks the Ribble Estuary.

Lytham St Annes is internationally renowned for golf and has four courses, the most notable being the Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker, one of the host courses for the Open Championship, also known as the "British Open", which has been a competition course since first hosting the Open in 1926. Approximately once every ten years, the coming of The Open - a major sporting event - brings a major influx of visitors, including the world's media, into a fairly peaceful community.

The other significant local events are the annual St Annes Carnival and Lytham Club Day, both of which include a procession of decorated floats, the crowning of a carnival queen and a funfair. These events, held over a weekend, bring in many visitors from the surrounding towns. Lytham Club Day, in late June, is the larger of the two.

Like similar seaside resorts, St Annes in particular is a popular place to retire to, which has resulted in the average age of the population being higher than the national average. There are a considerable number of nursing and retirement homes, many located in former large houses along Clifton Drive, one of the main roads linking Lytham and St Annes. Many other large Victorian and Edwardian residences have been converted to apartments.

Lytham St Annes is considered to be a wealthy area with residents' earnings amongst the highest in Lancashire. It is popular with engineers and scientists from the nearby BAE Systemsmarker site in Wartonmarker, which provides some highly paid jobs that underpin the local economy. Doctors, lawyers and other professionals from Blackpool and Preston are also attracted to the area. House prices have risen considerably in the last few years and are currently above the national average. Lytham St Annes recently saw its first apartment sell for £1 million. There were so many inquiries for the property that the developer, Rowland, insisted on sealed bids.

Since 1984 Lytham St Annes has been twinned with the Germanmarker town of Wernemarker.

Lytham

Lytham Windmill, Lancashire
Lytham was founded in about 600 AD. For many centuries the economy of Lytham was dependent on fishing and shrimping, until the advent of tourism and seaside health cures. After the start of the Industrial Revolution, wealthy industrialists moved from the east of the county.

Lytham's tree-lined streets are flanked by small shops, of which many are still family businesses. The town is nicknamed "Leafy Lytham" because of the large number of mature trees along many of the town's streets.

Notable Lytham landmarks include the Green, a strip of grass running between the shore and the main road; the recently restored Windmill and Old Lifeboat House Museum are to be found here. The Green overlooks the estuary of the River Ribblemarker and the Welshmarker mountains. The centre of Lytham contains many notable buildings including Lytham public library, railway stationmarker, market hall and "The County" and "The Ship and Royal" public houses. Some of the oldest buildings are found in Henry Street and Dicconson Terrace. Henry Street is also the location of the Taps public house, which is one of the most popuar real ale establishments on the Fyldemarker and which has won an award every year since the present proprietors arrived in 1991.

Until the middle of the 20th century the Clifton family was the leading family in Lytham and two of the town's main thoroughfares are named in their honour. Their estate on the outskirts of Lytham and Ansdell originally occupied a huge area. Lytham Hallmarker, the family seat, remained in the family's ownership until 1979, after which ownership passed to a number of corporate bodies. The grounds of the Hall are occasionally opened to the public for open-air concerts and plays. Several of the ornate gates to the estate and much of the distinctive pebble-dashed boundary wall survive.

The parish church for Lytham is St Cuthbert's Church located on Church Road overlooking the Lytham YMCA Football ground and the Ribble Estuary.

St Annes

St. Annes Square 2006
St Annes-on-Sea (also known as St Annes-on-the-Sea or St Annes) was a 19th century planned town, officially founded on 31 March, 1875 when the cornerstone of the St. Anne's Hotel was laid. The town was mostly laid out according to a plan drawn up by businessman Elijah Hargreaves, who saw the economic benefits of attracting large numbers of visitors from the mill towns to the east. It retains much of its original character today, and is fighting hard to become a stylish town to rival Lytham, its near neighbour. It is a traditional quiet Victorian / Edwardian seaside resort with up-market hotels, a sandy beach, donkeys, a small pier and ice cream stalls. Sand dunes fringe the beach and the town has an excellent, but little-known sand dune nature reserve and very good floral displays.

St Annes is the original home of Premium Bonds and their prize-selecting computer ERNIE, which were situated on a site between Shepherd Road and Heyhouses Lane. Premium Bonds operated from there for more than 40 years and then moved to Blackpoolmarker.

The shopping area declined towards the end of the 20th century and was redeveloped in an attempt to attract more retailers and shoppers. As part of this project a restaurant quarter centred around Wood Street was established.Work has also begun on a £2m restoration project in Ashton Gardens, a park situated near the town centre. As this is where many of the activities for St Annes Carnival are held, the 2009 carnival has been cancelled and the current carnival queen will continue with her duties for another year.

The beach to the north of St Annes Pier was an internationally-renowned sand yachting location for many years, but sand yachting has been suspended since 2002, when a visitor to the beach died after being hit by a sand yacht. St Annes Beach also hosts a number of kite flying events each year. In 2006, kite enthusiasts raised concerns about the future of these activities following a decision by Fylde Borough Council in 2006 to ban the flying of kites with two or more lines anywhere in the Fylde. Following representations from kite fliers and completion of a risk assessment, the council rescinded the ban on condition that kite fliers remain at least 50m from the sand dunes.

A memorial statue of a lifeboatman looking out to sea was placed on the promenade at St Annes after the Mexico Disastermarker of 1886. The original lifeboat station was established in 1881 but closed in 1925 due to silting of the channel (a secondary channel of the Ribble that ran past the pier). A lifeboat continued to operate from Lytham, but the main channel of the River Ribblemarker also became silted up, so the lifeboat was moved to a new all-weather RNLI base a few hundred metres south of St Annes pier which opened in 2000.

St Annes' Library and Information Service is situated just outside of the town centre in an Edwardian, Carnegie-funded building.

There is some confusion, even among residents of the town, about whether the correct name is "St Annes" or "St Anne's". Although the name may originally have borne an apostrophe, it appears to have been dropped from the name by many of the residents of the town and has long been absent from many official publications, such as the local newspaper, the Lytham St Annes Express. In addition, the Parish church of St Annes is known as St Annes Parish Church and the local secondary school is known as Lytham St. Annes High Technology Collegemarker. As such this has widely become accepted as the spelling of the town's name, although as in the case of the school, some still use St. Anne's rather than St Annes.

On 23 October, 2008 a bronze statue by sculptor Graham Ibbeson of the late comedian Les Dawson, who lived in the town, was unveiled by Dawson's widow and daughter in the ornamental gardens next to St Annes Pier. The late comedian George Formby, Jr. also lived in the town.

Ansdell

Ansdell is a small village between Lytham and St Annes, on the landward side of the railway line. It has its own railway stationmarker (shared with Fairhaven), the "Ansdell Institute" club and a public library. It is famous because of Richard Ansdell RA, an artist who lived in the area and painted a large number of oils depicting hunting scenes. In fact, Ansdell enjoys the distinction of being the only place in England to be named after an artist.

Ansdell hosts the largest school in Lancashire, Lytham St. Annes High Technology Collegemarker, with over 2000 students, a dedicated technology and IT department, and an integrated A-Level College. Ansdell also encompasses the southern end of Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Clubmarker. Ansdell is also the home of Fylde Rugby Club, established in May 1920, later to be closed during the war effort, and re-opened in 1946. FRC has reared many eminent players, notably Malcolm Phillips (a former President of the club) who earned 25 England caps, and Bill Beaumont who earned 34 caps before retiring in 1982.

Fairhaven

Fairhaven is the district between Lytham and St Annes on the coastal side of the railway line. It is named after Thomas Fair, an early resident of Lytham St Annes. Its main claim to fame is an artificial lake, known as Fairhaven Lake or more formally as the Ashton Marine Park, which is an important wildfowl habitat. Its other famous landmark is the Fairhaven United Reformed Church, which is of unusual design, being built in Byzantine style and faced with glazed white tiles, and commonly known as the White Church. Fairhaven also contains King Edward VII and Queen Mary Schoolmarker.

The sands and tidal mudflats of the area (the mouth of the River Ribblemarker) are an important feeding area for wintering waders and the RSPB operate a visitor centre from Fairhaven Lake to provide information and guided walks.

History

The area is known to have been populated during the Bronze Age, and scattered hamlets have existed there ever since, including a village called Kilgrimol or Kilgrimhow, which is believed to have been founded in around 900CE by Vikings expelled from Dublin. The area including the Fyldemarker was known in Anglo-Saxon and medieval times as Amoundernessmarker. Lytham is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Lidun and in 1199 Richard Fitzroger gave his Lytham estates (then known as Lethun) to the Benedictine monks of Durhammarker. The monks established a priory (although it was really too small to be called that as it comprised three or four monks only) on the site of the present Lytham Hall. The Priory existed until 1539 - in 1540 the monastery at Durhammarker was dissolved and the Crown became the lord of the manor.

The manor of Lytham passed through several owners until in 1606 it was sold to Cuthbert Clifton for £4300. Clifton enlarged the manor house and made it the family seat. The house was replaced in 1757 with the present Lytham Hallmarker; the architect was John Carr of Yorkmarker. At this time St Annes did not exist, but the town of Lytham was large enough to be called such - it had a promenade of sorts and had a reputation as a resort.

Northwards along the coast from Lytham, within the Clifton estates, were mostly sand dunes. The only habitations were the tiny hamlet of Heyhouses and the rural Trawl Boat Inn (a name resurrected in recent times for a public house in Wood Street in St Annes, opened by Wetherspoons). In 1873 the Cliftons built a chapel of ease in this area, dedicated to St Anne, to encourage better religious observance as most inhabitants found the long journey to St Cuthbert's in Lytham too onerous. This was to become the parish church of St. Anne's. At the time it was built the church had no tower.
St Anne's Pier, 1885


On 14 October, 1874, the St Anne's-on-the-Sea Land and Building Company Ltd was registered, mainly at the instigation of Elijah Hargreaves, a wealthy Lancashire mill owner from Rawtenstallmarker whose intention was to develop the area as a resort. The land of St Annes was leased from the Clifton estate for 999 years, although the lease still gave the Cliftons the right to kill game on the land for this period. Building rapidly commenced with the St Anne's Hotel (built in 1875, since demolished), the Hydro Terrace, which later became St Annes Square, and the railway station being among the first to be built.

A separate company was formed to finance the construction of the pier, which was opened on 15 June, 1885. At that time, the main channel of the River Ribblemarker ran by the end of the pier and boats would bring people in from Lytham and Southportmarker. The Ribble Navigation Act of 1883, which came into force in 1889, was intended to stabilise the often silted River Ribble to allow a steady trade into Prestonmarker docks. However, this work moved the main channel much further out and left St Annes Pier on flat sand banks where no ships could dock. In June 1910, the Floral Hall was opened at the end of the pier. It was a popular attraction and stars such as Gracie Fields, Leslie Henson and Claude Hulbert all performed there. In 1974 a major fire seriously damaged the hall. It was restored to some extent, but another fire in July 1982 destroyed it. About half the pier was then demolished to make the beach safe to use.

Transport

Railway

Lytham stationmarker, St Annes stationmarker and Ansdell & Fairhaven stationmarker all lie on the Blackpool Southmarker to Prestonmarker branch of the Blackpool Branch Lines.Prior to the closure of Blackpool Central in 1964 the Coast Road, as it was known, was the main line into Blackpool. It has been reported that Central station in Blackpool could handle with ease one million people, in and out, in one day. Today, the line is truncated at South station and the branch as it is now, is operated euphemistically as "one engine in steam" but in actual fact is just a long siding from Kirkham.

Previously there were stations in Station Road, Lythammarker (1846–1874) and at near the Old Links Golf Course, St Annes (1913–1949).

Local issues

Lowther Pavilion Lytham

In 2008 Local resident became aware that Fylde Borough Council was struggling financially and in particular, it’s ability to subsidise local amenities. The closure of St.Annes swimming pool demonstrated how serious the situation was. In 2007, the government introduced a scheme whereby everyone over the age of 60 is entitled to free bus travel anywhere in the country. The council where the journey originates, pays the bus expenses. As Lytham St.Annes has a high proportion of elderly residents and is a holiday resort, this has been extremely expensive for the Council. Anyone visiting the resort under this scheme has to have their journey home paid for by Fylde Borough Council. The grant provided by the government did not take these circumstances into consideration and the cost of the scheme is proving to be an enormous drain on the Council’s resources. This is a government scheme, it is a statutory requirement and therefore takes priority over funding of local amenities. It was therefore felt that a group needed to take immediate action if they wished to reduce the subsidy from the council and ensure that Lowther Pavilion remains open. Lowther Pavilion is the only purpose built theatre in the area. In November 2008 Friends of Lowther Pavilion was formed.

Purposes

There are three main purposes of the FoLP.

Firstly, to reduce the subsidy from the Council; secure the future of Lowther Pavilion; raise money for improvements and ultimately make it a profit-making venue.

Secondly to involve the local community in the running of the theatre and make it part of 'our' town, heritage and ultimately our future.

Thirdly, to be the basis of a networking forum for the participating groups.

Membership of FoLP

Subscription for membership is £15.00 and £10.00 for senior citizens and students.

Corporate membership is £100.00.

There are 2 newsletters per annum and a discounted ticket price on most member societies productions.

The Friends hope that many people who attend shows and events at Lowther will become a Friend, but also need people who are prepared to be pro-active in helping. An easy way to reduce council running costs is to volunteer to man the positions of Front of House; backstage and bar, instead of staff having to be paid. Visit [49679] for more details.

Closure of public facilities

"Save Warton Street Post Office" march across Lytham Green, February 2008.
In 2008, Fylde Borough Council announced that the borough's two public swimming pools, in Kirkham and St Annes, would be closed. Public campaigns were started to oppose both closures. As of April 2008, the council have given Kirkham Baths a one-year stay of execution, but refuse to consider reversing their decision on the St Annes swimming pool. Supporters of the St Annes swimming pool have cited the lack of facilities for the town's children and young people, and the impact of the closure on the tourist industry.

A campaign against the planned closure of Warton Street Post Office, serving the eastern end of Lytham, was more successful. In March 2008. the post office was removed from the national list of post offices scheduled for closure.

Property developments

As of 2007 the most controversial political issue in Lytham St Annes concerns property development. No more greenfield sites are available and developers are now seeking to replace existing buildings or to build on open spaces such as Ashton Gardens in St Annes. Many historic building have been demolished and replaced with larger modern constructions of standard design as can be found in many other places. For example the art deco former headquarters of the Football League was demolished and replaced with a block of flats. Fylde Rugby Club's ground and other open spaces have been built on.

In 2005 a property development company submitted a proposal for a 2,800 apartment development called Lytham Quays to be built on industrial brownfield sites in the east of Lytham; the proposal was rejected by the council's development control committee after 98.4% of the population voted against the development in a poll organised by the local press. In spite of this, the developer, Kensington Developments, still claimed in a 2008 article in the Daily Telegraph that "In truth, the majority of people were for it". The "Defend Lytham" pressure group opposed the development. Objections included predictions of a loss of industrial land, increases in traffic congestion, and increased demands on local schools and health services. Environmental objections were also raised, given that the site is in an area prone to flooding and next to an important wildfowl habitat. The developers submitted a substantially smaller proposal for 260 dwellings which was approved in May 2006, and construction started.

In St Annes, another group of developers succeeded in gaining planning permission to build a block of flats on the site of a derelict children's home in the sand dunes to the north of St Annes. This plan was resisted by local campaigners, as a result of which the council initially refused planning permission, but their decision was overturned on appeal to the Office of the Deputy Prime Ministermarker, and building work was nearing completion by late 2007.

Wildlife

The Ribble Estuary and sands of St Annes and Lytham are an Important Bird Area, mainly as a feeding ground for waders during winter and spring. There are flocks of thousands of red knots, dunlins, sanderlings, bar-tailed godwits and other waders; over 100,000 birds winter there. Flocks of pink-footed geese are commonly seen in winter as they fly over St Annes between their feeding grounds around Southportmarker and Over-Wyremarker. Many pintails and other ducks feed and rest in the estuary.

Sport

The Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club was founded in March 1886 and moved to its present site in 1926. Many world tournaments have been, and are, played there, including the Ryder Cup, the Open Golf Championship and the Dunlop Cup. The clubhouse is situated on Links Gate and the course runs southwards as far as Ansdell, adjacent to the railway line.

There are three other golf clubs in the area, which have all hosted qualifying for The Open Championship. They are Fairhaven Golf Club, Lytham Green Drive Golf Club, and perhaps the most well known, St Annes Old Links Golf Club, which has also hosted many other top events in the golfing calendar. The Old Links course runs northwards from Highbury Road on the landward side of the railway line.

Fylde Rugby Club, who compete in National Division Three North, play at the Woodlands Memorial Groundmarker, which is shared with Blackpool Rugby League Club, who compete in National League Two.

The headquarters of the English Football League were re-located to the former Sandown Hotel in Clifton Drive in St Annes in 1959, having previously been situated in Preston, Lancashiremarker, where they are now once again.

St Annes Cricket Club are based at Vernon Road, St Annes. England and Lancashire cricketer Andrew Flintoff played for St Annes, starting as a 12 year old in 1989.

Lytham Cricket and Sports Club is based in Church Road, Lytham. It is the home of Lytham St Annes Hockey Club and also provides facilities for cricket, tennis and football.

Fylde Triathlon Club was formed following the success of the annual St Annes Triathlon that is held in May at St Annes Swimming pool. In 2009 the club is also organising a triathlon in Fleetwoodmarker..

Health care

Primary care is delivered by NHS North Lancashire Primary Care Trust.

There have been a number of recent reorganisations and creation of new premises for delivery of general practice in the area.

General Practice in Lytham is delivered from a new health centre opened in 2009 called the Lytham Primary Care Centre. This building is on the site of the original Lytham Hospital. Two practices are located in this building
  • Holland House Surgery
  • Fernbank Surgery


Secondary care is mainly delivered by the Blackpool, Fylde and Wyre Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

The local hospital included in the Blackpool, Fylde and Wyre Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust include



  • Two community hospitals - Clifton Hospital and Fleetwoodmarker Hospital


  • Three elderly rehabilitation hospitals - Wesham Hospital Rehabilitation Unit, Rossall Hospital Rehabilitation Unit and Bispham Hospital


  • The National Artificial Eye Service


  • Blenheim House Child Development Centre


Religion

Lytham



St Annes



Ansdell and Fairhaven



The information in this section about the Church of England and Roman Catholic churches is mainly from Pevsner (1969).

See also



Notes

  1. UpMyStreet - My neighbours in Lytham St. Annes
  2. [1][2]
  3. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2007/sep/06/comment.comment
  4. [3]
  5. http://www.lancashire.gov.uk/office_of_the_chief_executive/lancashireprofile/misc/baesystems.asp
  6. [4]
  7. [5]
  8. The Taps at pub-explorer.com
  9. [6]
  10. Lytham St Annes History
  11. Rnli Lytham St Annes Station
  12. 'Treasures to be put on display at gallery', Blackpool Gazette, December 28, 2006
  13. The RSPB: Conservation: What are we doing?
  14. The RSPB: Conservation: Granny's Bay
  15. http://www.lytham-online.co.uk/brief_history_of_lytham.html
  16. Lancastriensis, Notes and Queries, 2nd ser. vol. 7, Jan-June 1859, p. 56
  17. Henry Fishwick, The History of the Parish of Lytham in the County of Lancaster, Chetham Society New Series 60 (1907), p. 18
  18. http://www.lythamhall.org/history/index.htm
  19. Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire 1993, p. 162.
  20. Harrison (1971)
  21. article
  22. St Anne's Old Links Golf Club - Lancashire, England
  23. Andrew "Freddie" Flintoff MBE
  24. Lytham St. Annes Hockey Club
  25. To find out more about training sessions and club meetings please visit the club website [7]
  26. http://www.hollandhousesurgery.co.uk Holland House Surgery Lytham
  27. http://www.fernbanksurgery.co.uk/
  28. http://www.bfwhospitals.nhs.uk/ Blackpool, Fylde and Wyre Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
  29. St Cuthberts at Genuki
  30. St.John at Genuki
  31. Lytham St John
  32. Lytham Christian Centre at Genuki
  33. JCR-UK
  34. Hebrew Congregation at Genuki
  35. St Thomas at Genuki
  36. St Margarets at Genuki
  37. St Alban at Genuki
  38. Ansdell Baptist at Genuki
  39. St Pauls at Genuki
  40. Fairhaven Church at Genuki


References

  • Harrison, Gabriel (1971) Rage of Sand: the story of the men who built their own seaside town, London : Benn, ISBN 0-510-27118-3
  • Pevsner, Nikolaus (1969) The Buildings of England - North Lancashire, Penguin, ISBN 0-14-071037-X.


External links




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