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Márton Bukovi (December 10, 1903 - February 2, 1985), also referred to as Bukovi Márton, was a Hungarian footballer and manager. After playing for Ferencvárosi TC, FC Sète and Hungary he became a coach, most notably with Građanski Zagreb, MTK Hungária FC and Hungary. Together with Béla Guttmann and Gusztáv Sebes, he formed a triumvirate of radical Hungarian coaches who pioneered the 4-2-4 formation.

Bukovi began his coaching career with Građanski Zagreb in 1935 and subsequently guided the club to two Yugoslav and two Croatian league titles. After the Second World War, Građanski merged with two other clubs to become Dinamo Zagreb and Bukovi remained on as manager of the new club. In 1947 Bukovi was appointed manager of MTK Hungária FC. In 1949 when Hungary became a communist state, MTK were taken over by the secret police, the ÁVH, and subsequently the club became known as Textiles SE. They then became Bástya SE, then Vörös Lobogó SE and then finally back to MTK. Despite this turmoil, the 1950s proved a successful era for the club and with a team that included Péter Palotás, Nándor Hidegkuti, Mihály Lantos and József Zakariás, Bukovi guided them to three Hungarian League titles and a Hungarian Cup.

In Olympiacos F.C. Bukovi became a legend for the fans. He transformed Olympiacos and produced many young Greek players. Eventually he was forced to leave the club after a string of poor results in the 1967-68 season and due to conflicts with Olympiacos' board of directors. He left the club on November 20, 1967.

Bukovi also played a major role in the success of the legendary Hungary team known as the Mighty Magyars. It was Bukovi, working at MTK with Péter Palotás and Nándor Hidegkuti, who developed the vital 4-2-4 formation, later adopted by national coach Gusztáv Sebes and exported to Brazilmarker by Béla Guttmann. This formation involved the use of either Palotás or Hidegkuti as a deep lying centre-forward. In 1953 Hidegkuti would exploit this position to great effect as he scored a hat-trick for Hungary when they beat England 6-3 at Wembley Stadiummarker. During the Mighty Magyar era, Bukovi also worked as an assistant to Sebes and in March 1956, when the latter was sacked as national coach, he succeeded him. On September 23 1956 he coached a Hungary team that included Gyula Grosics, József Bozsik, Sándor Kocsis, Nándor Hidegkuti, Ferenc Puskás and Zoltán Czibor to a 1-0 victory over the USSR at the Lenin Stadiummarker. This was the first time the USSR had lost at home.

Honours

Player

FC Sète 34





Ferencvárosi TC







Manager

Građanski Zagreb





MTK/Textiles/Bástya/Vörös Lobogó



Olympiacos F.C.

Sources

  • Behind The Curtain - Travels in Eastern European Football: Jonathan Wilson (2006) [141371]


References

External links




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