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Mâcon is a commune in the Saône-et-Loiremarker department in the region of Bourgognemarker in eastern Francemarker.

It is the capital of the department, although Chalon-sur-Saônemarker is larger.

Geography

Mâcon is located on the Saône River, north of Lyonmarker.

History

For the ecclesiastical history, see Ancient Diocese of Mâcon
The foundation of ancient Matisco dates back to the 2nd century B.C. The city very soon became a busy crossroad. Border between the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire from 843 to 1600, Mâcon prospered thanks to the customs duties that were established. Mâcon was a Huguenot stronghold in the 16th century. In 1790, Mâcon became the capital of the "département of Saône-et-Loire" and saw the birth of one of its most famous inhabitants: Alphonse de Lamartine. The French Resistance was particularly active here during World War II and Mâcon was the first town in the French zone between Paris and Lyon.

Wine

The area west and north of Mâcon produces well-known wines from the Chardonnay grape. The best known appellation of the Mâconnais is Pouilly-Fuissé.

Economy

The town also has foundries and plants that manufacture motorcycles, electrical equipment and clothing. The town is also a touristy place with its river bank (with the Saône river), its old center and notably the "Maison de Bois" which was built in the 15th century.

The Tour de France frequently passes through Mâcon on its way down from the Alps around the month of July.

Notable people

Mâcon was the birthplace of Alphonse de Lamartine (1790-1869), writer, poet and politician.

In popular culture



Twin towns



Mâcon and the Saône River


See also



References



External links




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