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Ménilmontant is a neighborhood of Parismarker, situated in the city's 20th arrondissementmarker. It is affectionately known to locals as "Ménilmuche".

History

Originally a hamlet within the independent commune (municipality) of Belleville, Ménilmontant was, like other suburban communes surrounding the French capital, absorbed into the City of Paris in 1860. The name is said to derive from Mesnil Mautemps, meaning "bad weather house". By the 16th century mautemps had been corrupted into montant (meaning "climbing"), probably owing to its situation on a hill overlooking Paris.

Before its 1860 absorption into Paris, Ménilmontant lay beyond the capital's tax border (octroi), so that wine was cheaper there, leading to the development of numerous drinking establishments, known as guinguettes, in the 18th century. It has long been a predominantly working-class neighborhood, and in the early 1830s became notorious for the commune established there by the Saint-Simonians, the louche practises of which led to the suppression of the movement.

Transport

Ménilmontant is served by the Ménilmontantmarker station of the Métro.

In popular culture




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