(translated from German as Munich
Central Station, short form: München Hbf) is the
Hauptbahnhof (main railway station) of Munich in Germany.
It is one
of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others
being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a
day which puts it on par with other large stations in Germany such
as Hamburg and Frankfurt Hbf.
The mainline station is a terminal station
, the subterranean S-Bahn
stations are through stations.
Placate found in the station
The current site, then situated outside the city walls, saw the
first railway station in 1839, with the line from Munich to Lochhausen
on September 1
. On October 4, 1840, the
Lochhausen line was extended to Augsburg.
first station was short-lived, however, as it fell victim to a fire
on April 4
The station was rebuilt from 1847 to 1849 as the
according to plans by Friedrich Bürklein
and reopened on
lines were soon added to the station; to Landshut (in 1858),
Nuremberg in (1859) and Rosenheim in (1871).
In order to cope with the new
levels of traffic, the station saw a major rebuild from 1876 to
an outlying station was added to accommodate trains for the line to
Starnberg. Another set of tracks was added at the
opposite end of the station for trains to Holzkirchen in 1915.
The station was renamed München Hauptbahnhof
1904. It sustained heavy damage from allied bombing in 1945 and the
damaged train shed
was torn down in
1949.From 1958 to 1960, the station was rebuilt integrating parts
of the old station. The new train shed was built in a contemporary
1960s style by Krupp
, spanning tracks 11 to
From 1967 onwards, the S-Bahn
tunnels and the München Hbf (tief)
serves them were built underneath the station, opening on April 28
, just before the
1972 Summer Olympics
stations were opened in
1980 and 1984.
The construction of a second S-Bahn
(Second regular route) with a new S-Bahn station is being planned
at the station hall. Due to lacks concerning the planning and
financing of the route, it will probably not be finished until
A Transrapid route to Munich airport was planned to be built (operating from 2011) but
was given up due to exploding costs which have risen from 1.85
billion euro to over 3.2 billion euro, caused by the increasing
price for steel and other materials required.
Furthermore, the front of the railway station and a
new service hall will be replaced after the design from Auer+Weber+Assoziierte
. Because of
difficulties in financing, it is questionable, whether the last
project should coincide with the other two reconstruction to be
Apart from Lindau Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof is the only major terminal station
in Bavaria. There are 32
tracks, split over the original three stations:
section mainly has regional services to Mühldorf and Salzburg.
- Holzkirchner Bahnhof,München Hbf Gleis (tracks)
- Hauptbahnhof (main train shed)
Starting and ending point for all ICE
long-distance services and DB NachtZug
services. RegionalExpress and RegionalBahn services also depart from here to
Augsburg, Ingolstadt and Landshut, among other directions.
call here for Lindau and Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
- Starnberger Bahnhof (München Hbf Gleis (tracks)
Trains operated by Bayerische Oberlandbahn
depart from here as well.
The Munich S-Bahn
line departs from
this part of the station to Deisenhofen
In case of a closure of the S-Bahn tunnel below the station, some
westbound S-Bahn services will depart from the Starnberger
The subterranean Munich S-Bahn
is operationally separated from the mainline station and known as
München Hbf (tief)
. To optimise passenger flow,
separate platforms for entering and disembarking trains exist.
subway station is situated near the Munich
U-Bahn lines for the U1 and U2 trains, but if one wishes to
change from the S-Bahn to U4/U5 trains, it is more practical to
stay on the S-Bahn to Karlsplatz , as the U4/U5 station is on the opposite side of
Due to the station's size, walking from one platform to another may
take a considerable amount of time. Deutsche Bahn
recommends to plan with a
minimum walking time of 10 minutes from the central hall to
Starnberger Bahnhof and Holzkirchner Bahnhof, 15 minutes between
Starnberger and Holzkirchner Bahnhof and 15 minutes between the
S-Bahn station and Holzkirchner Bahnhof.
The two outlying parts of the station have shorter tracks than the
main hall, which means passengers always have to walk down most of
the length of either platform 11 or 26 when changing from there.
Hbf, there is no passenger subway under the
The mainline station is only closed between 1:30 and 3:00. The
S-Bahn stations operate almost 24/7, the U-Bahn station closes only
between 1:30 and 4:00 (2:30-4:00 on weekends).
station is the southern point of the InterCityExpress line to Hamburg-Altona via the Hanover-Würzburg
high-speed rail line. It also has frequent links to Dortmund via Frankfurt and Cologne using the Cologne-Frankfurt
high-speed rail line.
The most recent addition is the
high-speed rail line
, which has greatly benefitted from Munich
traffic. Additional ICE services using mainly
ordinary lines on their run exist to Vienna, Berlin and a number
of other cities. There are also numerous InterCity and EuroCity
services to most parts of Germany as well as neighbouring Austria, Switzerland, France and Italy.
station has a number of DB NachtZug and
CityNightLine services to northern
Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark, France and Italy, though
facilities for the autoracks in these night
services are located at München Ost railway station. Night services operated by other railway
companies also can be seen at the station, for example to Prague, Budapest or Zagreb.
numerous RegionalExpress and
RegionalBahn services to Landshut, Regensburg, Plattling, Passau, Kempten, Lindau, Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Nuremberg among others. The Bayerische Oberlandbahn operates
services to Bayrischzell, Lenggries and Tegernsee.
are electrified, except the ones to
Mühldorf, Kempten and Lindau and the
lines of the Bayerische
To minimise pollution, services using
these lines preferably end at tracks 5-10 and 27-36.
The underground S-Bahn
station is on
the western end of the so-called Stammstrecke
underneath Munich city centre. Lines , , , , , and call at the
underground station. The trains to Altomünster and services depart from the Starnberger
Bahnhof part of the above-ground station.
stations are connected to
the railway station - one situated in the -4 level underneath the
station square, where
north-south services call on four
tracks, one at the southern side of the station hall, with the
east-west lines calling. There are
also four tram
stops in the vicinity of the
station, called Hauptbahnhof
, Hauptbahnhof Nord
and Holzkirchner Bahnhof
Facilities at the station
The eastern part of the main hall features shops and a small food
hall. There are also several smaller kiosks
the station hall, selling snacks and newspapers. The access level
to the U-Bahn and S-Bahn stations has a full-featured shopping mall
and provides undercover access
to nearby department stores