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MKAD on Moscow map
Major MKAD interchange in southern Moscow
Rush hour on MKAD
Zero point of MKAD


MKAD is a ring road encircling the City of Moscowmarker.

The name is a transliteration of the Russian acronym МКАД, Московская Кольцевая Автомобильная Дорога (Moskovskaya Koltsevaya Avtomobilnaya Doroga, Moscow Automobile Ring Road).

The growth of traffic in and around Moscow in the 1950s made the city planners realise Russiamarker's largest metropolis needed a bypass to redirect incoming traffic from major roads that run through the city. Opened in 1961, the MKAD had four lanes of asphalt running 108.9 kilometers along the city borders. Although not yet a freeway, it featured interchanges at major junctions, very few traffic lights and a speed limit of 100 km/h. Among drivers it was known as "The Road of Death" for very poor lighting.

For a long time the MKAD served as the administrative boundary of Moscow city, until in the 1980sMoscow started annexing territory outside of the beltway. In December 2002 Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogomarker became the first Moscow Metro station that opened beyond the limits of MKAD.

In 1995-1997 the road was widened from the initial four to ten lanes, while all intersections became grade-separated, bridges were built to accommodate pedestrians, traffic lights were removed, and a solid concrete barrier was installed in the median. In 2001 all slow-moving vehicles were banned from entering the MKAD and the renovated road received a freeway designation from the mayor's office.

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