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Ma'anshan ( ), also written as Maanshan, is a prefecture-level city in eastern Anhuimarker province, People's Republic of Chinamarker. An industrial city lying on the southern bank of the Yangtze Rivermarker, Ma'anshan borders Chaohu to the northwest, Wuhu to the southwest, and Nanjingmarker to the east.


The prefecture-level city of Ma'anshan administers 4 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 1 county.

These are further divided into 44 township-level divisions, including 17 towns, 14 townships and 13 subdistricts.Maanshan borders Chaohu to the northeast,Wuhu to the south, and Nanjing to the north.


The name Ma'anshan means "Horse Saddle Mountain" in Chinese. According to legend, the name came to be when the Western Chu hegemon Xiang Yu was fleeing from the Battle of Gaixia. Rather than be captured, the defeated general killed himself at the area now known as Ma'anshan after ensuring that his beloved horse would be ferried across the river to safety. Upon seeing his master die, the grief-stricken horse leapt into the river and was drowned. As a tribute, the boatman buried the horse's saddle on a nearby hill, giving Ma'anshan its name.


The south bank of the Yangtze Rivermarker from Ma'anshan upstream for 240 km, has long been a mining area. The coming of a railroad and the opening of the Huai-nan coalfield in the 1930s made it possible for the Japanese to open an iron and steel works in 1938. Although destroyed at the end of the Second World War, the industries were restored to production in 1953, and Ma'anshan grew rapidly under the Communists' first and second Five-Year Plans. Ma'anshan also has sulfur and limestone mines, and chemical and cement factories.In 1954, Ma'anshan was elevated to town level and in Oct. 12, 1956, Ma'anshan City was declared to be founded.

Geography and climate

Surrounded by low hills (Ma'anshan means "horse saddle mountain"), it is not as polluted as other major Chinese steelmaking cities, thanks to the environmental policies taken by the local government that granted the city the recognition as one of the "Ten Green Cities of China".

Its climate is similar to other cities in the Yangtze River Delta, with lower humidity that makes its summers and winters less extreme. There are frequent showers during July and August.

Caishi Rock (采石磯), a famous ancient battlefield lying to the southwest of the city, is regarded as the best of three rocks that project over the Yangtze River. Taibai pavilion is one of four famous pavilions along the Yangtze river. Caishi scenic area is a national tourism spot, with a combination of natural and man-made scenery.


Ma'anshan railway station
main industry is the steel industry (MaGang) which employs much of the workforce of Ma'anshan.At present (2005) major expansions of the steel plant are underway to increase production drastically.With the advanced manufacturing infrastructure and fast transportation link, Ma'anshan has received much investment in many industries.

Ma'anshan city has an annual manufacture investment ranking No.1 in Anhui Province and her GDP ranks No.4 in Anhui Province after Hefei, Anqing and Wuhu. Ma'anshan's population ranks No.16 in the province and has a GDP per capita of US$7,118 which is No.1 in Anhui Province and near the average of Yangtze River Delta.

Communications have also help boost Ma'anshan economy and industry to well above the national average: the deep water river port of Ma'anshan, with custom offices ensures fast and inexpensive transportation to other cities both in the East coast, and the inner cities along the Yangtze Rivermarker. Nanjing Lukou International Airportmarker is 40 km from Ma'anshan, with direct flights to every corner of China and also daily flights to Europe. By road, Ma'anshan is connected with highways to Nanjingmarker, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Hefeimarker and Wuhu.


There is a memorial to the famous Chinese poet, Li Bai (a.k.a. Li Po c.700-762), just west of Ma'anshan. Li Bai is said to have drowned at Ma'anshan after attempting to embrace a reflection of the moon.

China's first poetry festival was to be held in Ma'anshan from October 25-30 2005. The theme of the festival, sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, the Chinese Writers Association, and the Anhuimarker provincial government, is "Poetic China, Harmonious China."


Sister cities

  • Isesaki, Japan

  • Changwon, Republic of Korea

  • Kogarah, Australia


External links

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