The Full Wiki

Mac OS 9: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance


Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apple'smarker "Classic" Mac OS. Introduced on October 23 1999, Apple positioned it as "The Best Internet Operating System Ever," highlighting Sherlock 2's Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple's free online services known as iTools, and improved Open Transport networking.

While Mac OS 9 lacks the functionality of a modern operating system, such as protected memory and full pre-emptive multitasking, lasting improvements include the introduction of an automated Software Update engine and support for multiple users.

Apple discontinued development of Mac OS 9 in 2002, transitioning all future development to Mac OS X. Since that time, no updates have been released. The final updates to Mac OS 9 addressed compatibility issues with OS X while running in the Classic Environment and compatibility with Carbon applications.

Steve Jobs pitched OS 9 as the best "Internet OS ever". Users of Mac clones were left out as OS 9 was a "Made by Apple" affair.

Features

Apple billed Mac OS 9 as including "50 New Features" and heavily marketed its Sherlock 2 software, which introduced a 'channels' feature for searching different online resources and introduced a QuickTime-like metallic appearance. Mac OS 9 also featured integrated support for Appleā€™s suite of Internet services known as iTools (later re-branded as .Mac, which is now known as MobileMe) and included improved TCP/IP functionality with Open Transport 2.5.

Other features new to Mac OS 9 include:

  • Integrated support for multiple user accounts without using At Ease.
  • Support for voice login through VoicePrint passwords.
  • Keychain, a feature allowing users to save passwords in protected keychains.
  • A Software Update control panel for automatic download and installation of Apple system software updates.
  • A redesigned Sound control panel and support for USB audio.
  • Speakable Items 2.0, also known as PlainTalk, featuring improved speech synthesis and recognition along with AppleScript integration.
  • Improved font management through FontSync.
  • Remote Access Personal Server 3.5, including support for TCP/IP clients over Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP).
  • An updated version of AppleScript with support for TCP/IP.
  • Personal File Sharing over TCP/IP.
  • USB Printer Sharing, a control panel allowing certain USB printers to be shared across a TCP/IP network.
  • 128-bit file encryption in the Finder.
  • Support for files larger than 2 GB.
  • Unix volume support.
  • CD Burning in the Finder (introduced in Mac OS 9.1).
  • Addition of a 'Window' menu to the Finder (introduced in Mac OS 9.1)


Mac OS 9 (System 9) and Classic

PowerPC versions of Mac OS X prior to 10.5 include a compatibility layer called Classic, enabling users to run applications and hardware requiring Mac OS 9 from within Mac OS X. This is achieved through booting a full Mac OS 9 system. As a result, Mac OS 9 must be installed on the computer for Classic to function. Most Mac OS 9 applications run well in Classic, although some applications demonstrate screen redraw problems. In addition, scanner drivers and many other utilities no longer work.

In May 2002, at Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference in San Jose, Californiamarker, Steve Jobs, accompanied by a coffin, held a mock funeral to announce that Apple had stopped development of Mac OS 9. Mac OS 9.2.2, introduced in December 2001, was the final version of Mac OS 9, and the end of the classic Mac OS.

In June 2005, Jobs announced that the Macintosh platform would be transitioning to Intel x86 microprocessors. Developer documentation of the Rosetta PowerPC emulation layer revealed that applications written for Mac OS 8 or 9 would not run on x86-based Macs. The Classic Environment remains in the PowerPC version of Mac OS X 10.4, however x86 versions of OS X do not officially support Classic.

As a workaround for Intel-based Macs, Mac OS 9 can be emulated up to version 9.0.4 by using SheepShaver, a PowerPC emulator. It cannot emulate above 9.0.4 because SheepShaver does not emulate a memory management unit. The PearPC PowerPC emulator does not support Mac OS 9.

Version history

Version Release Date Changes Codename Computer
9.0 October 1999 Initial release Sonata N/A
9.0.2 Shipped with Macs Bug fixes. N/A PowerBook (FireWire)
9.0.3 Shipped with Macs Bug fixes. N/A iMac/iMac DV/iMac DV SE
9.0.4 April 2000 (download) Improved USB and FireWire support. Other bug fixes. Minuet iMac G3 (slot loading)
9.1 January 2001 (download) Integrated Disc Burning within Finder. Implementation of Finder 'Window' menu. Improved stability. Fortissimo iBook 14 inch panel
9.2 Shipped with Macs G3 processor as minimum system requirement. Improved speed and Classic Environment support. Moonlight Power Mac G4 (QuickSilver)
9.2.1 August 2001 (download) Minor bug fixes. Limelight iBook (Late 2001), PowerBook G4 (Gigabit Ethernet)
9.2.2 December 2001 (download) Bug fixes relating to Classic Environment. LU1 eMac


Updates to Mac OS 9 include 9.0.4, 9.1, 9.2.1, and 9.2.2. Mac OS 9.0.4 was a collection of bug fixes primarily relating to USB and FireWire support. OS 9.1 included integrated CD burning support in the Macintosh Finder and added a new Window menu in the Finder for switching between open windows. Mac OS 9.2, which required at least a G3 processor, increased performance noticeably.

Compatibility

Macintosh Model 9.0 9.1 9.2.1 9.2.2
Power Macintosh 6100 : Must install from CD
Power Macintosh 7100 : Must install from CD
Power Macintosh 8100 : Must install from CD
PowerBook 2300
PowerBook 5300
PowerBook 1400 : Password Security unsupported
PowerBook 3400 : Hard disk driver must not be updated
Power Macintosh 5200
Power Macintosh 5300
Power Macintosh 5500
Power Macintosh 4400
Power Macintosh 6200
Power Macintosh 6300
Power Macintosh 6400
Power Macintosh 6500
Power Macintosh 7200
Power Macintosh 7300
Power Macintosh 7500
Power Macintosh 8500
Power Macintosh 7600
Power Macintosh 8600
Power Macintosh 9600
Twentieth Anniversary Macintosh
PowerBook G3
PowerBook G3 Series
PowerBook (FireWire) : Machine-specific version only
PowerBook G4 : Machine-specific version only
PowerBook G4 (Gigabit Ethernet) : Machine-specific version only
PowerBook G4 (DVI) : Machine-specific version only
PowerBook G4 (1GHz/867MHz) : Machine-specific version only
PowerBook G4 (12-inch) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (17-inch) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (12-inch DVI) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (12-inch 1.33GHz) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (12-inch 1.5GHz) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (15-inch FW 800) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (15-inch 1.5/1.33GHz) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (17-inch 1.33GHz) : Classic Environment only
PowerBook G4 (17-inch 1.5GHz) : Classic Environment only
iBook
iBook (FireWire) : Machine-specific version only
iBook (Dual USB) : Machine-specific version only
iBook (Late 2001) : Machine-specific version only
iBook (14.1 LCD)
iBook (16 VRAM)
iBook (Opaque 16 VRAM)
iBook (32 VRAM)
iBook (14.1 LCD 32 VRAM)
iBook (Early 2003) : Machine-specific version only
iBook G4 : Classic Environment only
iBook G4 (14-inch) : Classic Environment only
iBook G4 (Early 2004) : Classic Environment only
Power Macintosh G3 All-In-One
Power Macintosh G3
Power Macintosh G3
iMac G3
iMac G3 (266 MHz, 333 MHz)
iMac G3 (Slot Loading)
iMac G3 (Summer 2000) : Machine-specific version only
iMac G3 (Early 2001) : Machine-specific version only
iMac G3 (Summer 2001) : Machine-specific version only
iMac G4
iMac G4 (February 2003) : Classic Environment only
iMac G4 (17-inch 1 GHz) : Classic Environment only
iMac G4 (USB 2.0) : Classic Environment only
eMac
eMac (ATI Graphics CD-ROM drive) : Machine-specific version only
eMac (ATI Graphics Combo drive) : Machine-specific version only
eMac (ATI Graphics SuperDrive) : Classic Environment only
Power Mac G4 (PCI Graphics)
Power Mac G4 (AGP Graphics)
Power Mac G4 (Gigabit Ethernet) : Machine-specific version only
Power Mac G4 Cube : Machine-specific version only
Power Mac G4 (Digital Audio) : Machine-specific version only
Power Mac G4 (QuickSilver)
Power Mac G4 (QuickSilver 2002) : Machine-specific version only
Power Mac G4 (Mirrored Drive Doors) : Machine-specific version only
Power Mac G4 (FW 800) : Classic Environment only
Power Mac G4 (Mirrored Drive Doors 2003) : Machine-specific version only
Power Mac G5 : Classic Environment only
Power Mac G5 (June 2004) : Classic Environment only
Power Mac G5 (Late 2004) : Classic Environment only
Power Mac G5 (Early 2005) : Classic Environment only
Power Mac G5 (Late 2005) : Classic Environment only
Mac mini (G4) : Classic Environment only


Availability

Retail copies of Mac OS 9 are still available from several Internet businesses at varying prices. Mac OS 9 is no longer available from Apple. Although now classified as abandonware, as development on it has ended, it is still in use by those who cannot upgrade to Mac OS X due to hardware limitations, or prefer it to Mac OS X. Mac OS 9 is also a popular choice for retrocomputing hobbyists. Mac gamers also sometimes revert to Classic in order to play some of the earlier, nonsupported games, for example, Civilization II, and the Marathon Trilogy.

References

  1. YouTube | Apple WWDC 2002-The Death Of Mac OS 9


External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message