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Madison is an affluent city in Madison Countymarker, Mississippimarker, USAmarker. The population was 14,691 at the 2000 census. The population is currently 16,930. It is part of the Jacksonmarker Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Madison, Mississippi, named for James Madison, the fourth President of the United Statesmarker, grew up along a bustling railroad track in pre-Civil War Mississippimarker. It was 1856 when the Illinois Central Railroad opened its Madison Station, the forerunner of today’s City of Madison. Although near-by Madisonville, a settlement established along the stagecoach route of the Natchez Trace, boasted a race tack, two banks, a wagon factory and at least one hotel, its residents could not resist the lure of the future. The newly established railroad community began to thrive, and Madisonville soon became extinct.

Like many railroad towns in the South, Madison Station fell victim to the Civil War. Just 10 miles from the state capital, Jacksonmarker, it was largely destroyed after the July 18-22, 1863 siege of Jackson. Although no battles were waged on Madison soil, Major General Stephen D. Lee, who ordered the first shot of the Civil War, concentrated his command in Madison Station during the month of February 1864. General Lee was later to become the first President of Mississippi State College, now Mississippi State Universitymarker.

The railroad continued to serve as a magnet for business growth after the Civil War. In 1897, the Madison Land Company encouraged our northern neighbors to "Go South, and grow up with the country." Located in Chicagomarker on the Illinois Central Railroad line, the Land Company’s interest in development prompted Madison to incorporate as a village, although the charter was later lost when regular elections were not held due to the failure of the "land boom".

The Land Company offered prime land for as little as $3.00 an acre. The company boasted that Mississippi had the lowest debt ratio in the nation at $19.00 per capita and that Mississippians were declared one third healthier by "official figures" than people in New Yorkmarker and Massachusettsmarker. These figures were quoted with confidence in the Madison Land Company brochure by Bishop Hugh Miller Thompson, the Second Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of Mississippi and a Madison resident, who hailed originally from the Wisconsin heartland.

Geography

Madison is located at (32.457061, -90.108583) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35.5 km²), of which, 13.5 square miles (34.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (1.61%) is water.

Parks: Strawberry Patch Parkmarker, Liberty Park

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,692 people, 5,189 households, and 4,249 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,090.0 people per square mile (420.8/km²). There were 5,316 housing units at an average density of 394.4/sq mi (152.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.23% White, 4.89% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 5,189 households out of which 48.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.1% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $71,266, and the median income for a family was $77,202. Males had a median income of $54,358 versus $34,081 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,082. About 2.1% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.

Sister City

Madison officials first explored the possibility of creating a sister city relationship with Sollefteåmarker, Swedenmarker in 1995. The idea grew out of a meeting between Madison County economic development representatives and executives representing the Sollefteå-based forestry products company, Haglof, Inc., who were investigating the feasibility of opening a plant in Madison.

Talks began, and a January 1997 video conference call between the two cities facilitated the meeting. Five months later, a delegation of over 30 members arrived in Madison to tour the city and to ratify the sister city relationship. During that visit, Haglöf, Inc. opened its new office and the Swedish company Mini Tube also announced plans to locate a facility in Madison.

A 34-member delegation from Madison flew to Sweden in May 1997 for a five-day tour of Sollefteå. They were interested in learning about the Swedish city's economic development efforts, cultural facilities, innovations in education and ability to attract visitors and businesses to the area. The delegation toured industrial sites, such as Haglöf Inc.’s facilities, an energy plant and a communications company. They also visited a forestry school and environmental center.

The [Swedish-American Chamber of Commerce South Central U.S.] was created as a result of this relationship and it not only serves Mississippi, but also Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana and Tennessee.

Relocate America

Top 100 Places to Live 2008

10 Best Towns for Families

In 2007, The City of Madison was selected by Family Circle magazine as one of the nation's "10 Best Towns for Families." The article appears in the magazine's August 2007 edition. The publication announced the results of its search to identify the best communities across the country that combine big-city opportunities with suburban charm, a blend of affordable housing, good jobs, top-rated schools, wide-open spaces and a lot less stress.

Family Circle partnered with On Board, a New York City research firm providing real estate and demographic data to assemble a list of 1,850 towns with populations between 15,000 and 150,000 and a large concentration of households with an average income of $65,000. From that number, 800 localities were selected based on family-friendly criteria, including cost of living, jobs, schools, health care, air quality, green space and crime rate. Family Circle assessed which towns best met those standards and ranked them according to state. The winners were selected from the highest-rated towns in the top 10 nationwide.

CNN/Money Magazine

In 2005, CNN/Money Magazine listed Madison as the 56th best place to live in the United States.[18570]

Low Crime Rate

Based on the crime index at City Data.com, Madison has a lower crime rate than the average in United States cities.

Education

The City of Madison is served by the Madison County School District. The Student/Teacher Ratio is 19:1.

Points of Interest



References



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