Madison County is a county located in the U.S.
state of New
As of the 2000 census
, the population was
69,441. It is named after James
, fourth President of the
United States of America
. Its county seat is
Madison County is part of the Syracuse, NY Metropolitan Statistical
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the
present Madison County was part of Albany County
. This was an enormous
county, including the northern part of New York State as well as
all of the present State of Vermont and, in
theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean.
This county was reduced in size on July 3,
1766 by the creation of Cumberland County
, and further
on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County
containing territory now in Vermont.
The "Twenty Townships" west of the
Unadilla River, conveyed by the Oneida Indians in 1788.
Known as "Clinton's Purchase"
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into
three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the
other pieces, Tryon County
contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary
was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific).
eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west
of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the
Adirondack Mountains and the
area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River.
The area then
designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York
State. The county was named for William
, colonial governor of New York.
years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to
Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that
ended the American
Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to
County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured
several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of
Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of
County. The actual area split off from Montgomery
County was much larger than the present county, also including the
present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
Herkimer and Tioga Counties were two of three counties split off from
Montgomery County (the other being Otsego
County) in 1791.
County was formed in 1798 from parts of Tioga and Herkimer
Finally, Madison County was created from Chenango County in
According to the U.S.
county has a total area of 662 square
), of which,
656 square miles (1,699 km²) of it is land and
6 square miles (15 km²) of it (0.86%) is water.
County is located in west central New York State, east of Syracuse, north of Binghamton, and slightly north of due west from Albany.
Madison County contains the geographic
center of the state at Pratts Hollow in the Town of Eaton.
Oneida Lake and Oneida Creek define
part of the northern boundary. Chittenango Creek
defines part of the
As of the census
of 2000, there were 69,441
people, 25,368 households, and 17,580 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 106 people per square mile (41/km²). There were 28,646 housing
units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km²).
The racial makeup of the county was 96.49% White
, 1.32% African American
, 0.01% Pacific Islander
, 0.26% from
, and 0.84%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.06% of the
population. 16.1% were of German,
15.6% English, 15.5% Irish, 12.1% Italian and 8.0% American ancestry according to Census
95.6% spoke English
and 1.9% Spanish
as their first language.
There were 25,368 households out of which 33.60% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples
living together, 9.70% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families.
24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the
age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from
45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,184, and
the median income for a family was $47,889. Males had a median
income of $33,069 versus $25,026 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$19,105. About 6.30% of families and 9.80% of the population were
below the poverty line
10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or
Much of Madison County is rural. However, Oneida and the other towns along
NY Route 5 are suburbs of Syracuse and Utica, as is
Cities, Towns, and Villages
Note: in this context "town
" refers to a
political subdivision synonymous with township
rather than a small city.
The towns in southern Madison County originated from the Twenty Townships
ceded by the Oneida tribe
to the State of New York.
Adjacent counties and areas
County is across the southern border. Onondaga and Cortland Counties form the western border.
County forms a short boundary in the southeast corner of
Madison County. Oneida County shares a long northeast border with Madison
County. Oneida Lake is the northern border with part of Oswego
County on the opposite shore.