Magnus Alexander Maximilian Freiherr
von Braun (8 February 1878 – 30 August 1972) was a
German jurist and politician.
born at his family's manor of Neucken, an estate the von Braun's
owned since 1803, near Pr.
Eylau (present-day Dubki near Bagrationovsk, Russia) in East Prussia to Maximilian von Braun
(1833–1918) and Eleonore (née von Gostkowski)
law at the Universities of Göttingen and Königsberg and joined the
Prussian civil service in 1905, at first at
the department of trade and commerce in Berlin.
1911 and 1915 he was the district chief executive (Landrat) of the
Kreis Wirsitz (Province of
Posen) and returned to Berlin in 1915 to the department
September 1917 Braun became the first chief press officer of the
Chancellery and later
the head of the political department of the military administration of Vilnius.
the Stadthauptmann (head of the administration) of
Daugavpils in 1918 and commissarial Police President of
Braun then worked again at the department of interior
and became the President of the Governorate of Gumbinnen
He was dismissed from the civil service after the Kapp Putsch
in 1920 for his role in the coup.
Braun returned to his family's manor in East Prussia and was active
in several agricultural organisations like the Raiffeisen cooperative
In 1930 he became the Vice President of the Reichsverband der
On 1 June
1932 he was appointed Weimar Germany's
Minister of Nutrition and Agriculture and Reichskommissar for
Eastern Aid in the cabinet of
Chancellor Franz von Papen, a
position he kept under Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher until 28 January
After the Nazis
came to power on 30 January
1933, Braun moved to his manor in Silesia
which after World War II
became part of
Braun was expelled
to Western Germany in 1946.
followed his son Wernher to the United States in 1947, but returned to Germany in 1952, where he
died in 1972 at Oberaudorf.
Braun married Emmy von Quistorp (1886–1959) on 12 July 1910. They
had three sons:
- Magnus Freiherr von Braun, Von Ostpreußen bis Texas.
Erlebnisse und zeitgeschichtliche Betrachtungen eines
Ostdeutschen. Stollhamm 1955 (also published as: Weg durch
vier Zeitepochen. Vom ostpreußischen Gutsleben der Väter bis zur
Weltraumforschung des Sohnes in Amerika. Limburg, 1965
- Michael J. Neufeld: Von Braun, Dreamer of Space, Engineer of
War, ISBN 0307389375
- Quistorp family