City of Makati, or simply Makati,
is one of the cities and
municipalities that make up
Manila, the greater
metropolitan area of the national capital of the
Philippines. It is the major financial, commercial and
economic hub in the Philippines, often referred to as the financial capital of the
Philippines since many global companies have their offices and
headquarters in the city.
Makati is also home to the
influential Makati Business
and the Philippine
. Ayala Avenue,
running through the heart of downtown
Business District is often called the Wall Street of the Philippines.
Makati is noted for its highly cosmopolitan culture, also being a
major cultural and entertainment hub in Metro Manila. Many expatriates
live and work in the city.
also home to many first-class shopping malls, which are located at
Ayala Center and Rockwell Center. Makati also has the tallest buildings in the
Philippines like PBCOM
Tower, G.T. International Tower.
also has many of the country's five-star hotels like The Peninsula Manila, the Shangri-La Hotel
Makati and the Intercontinental Hotel Manila.
Independent business travelers also benefit from budget hotels like
the Saint Illian's Inn, El Cielito Inn, The Copa Businessman's
Hotel, and The City Garden Suites, while serviced apartments like
The Salcedo Suites, Fraser Place Manila, Jupiter Suites (Jupiter
Arms Hotel) and The Oxford Suites are gaining in popularity among
business-minded travelers as well.
Makati came from the Tagalog
, which means tide
. This primarily refers to
the rise and ebb of the tide of the Pasig River on the city's
northern border. The city was also known as San Pedro de Macati
during the Spanish era.
city is one of the most modern cities in the country and the
Philippines' major global economic competitor in Asia.
However, it faces challenges due to the
disparate gap between the new city in the west, which contains the
Central Business District, and the old city in the east, which is
largely poor and where most of the city's slums are located. Makati
city is said to be the most outstanding city in the
Miguel López de
Legazpi, the founder of Manila and first
the Philippines, who first spotted the area, which he dismissed
then as a worthless swamp. Legazpi
asked the name of the place but, because of the language barrier,
was misinterpreted by the natives. Pointing to the receding tide of
Pasig River, the natives answered,
“Makati, kumakati na” meaning “ebbing tide.”
|1578 to 1670
||Makati was a “visita” or district of Santa Ana de Sapa under
the jurisdiction of a Franciscan priest
named Pedro de Alfaro. Makati was
then known as San Pedro de Makati in honor of its patron saint. In
this community, the friars established two of the earliest churches
in the Philippines — the Nuestra Señora de Gracia in Guadalupe and
the Church of Sts. Peter and Paul — in Makati, which attracted the
faithful from all over the country.
the turn of the century, the Americans established Fort
McKinley in Makati.
Pedro de Macati, with a population of 2,500, was incorporated into
the province of Rizal.
|February 28, 1914
Legislature passed Act 2390, shortening the name San Pedro de
Macati to Makati in the 1930s, the first airport of Luzon, Nielson Field, opened in what is now the Ayala Triangle.
|1950s to 1970s
||The first centrally planned community was established in the
1950s, and since the 1970s, Makati has been the undisputed
financial and commercial capital, the once worthless swampland
becoming prime real property.
||Makati was separated from Rizal province
along with Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, Quezon
City, Marikina, San
Juan, Pasig, Mandaluyong, Pateros,
Taguig, Pasay City, Parañaque, Las
Pinas, and Muntinlupa.
||Makati has also figured prominently in the political history of
the Filipino. The community was one of the cradles of the revolt
against Spanish colonial rule, and following the assassination of
Ninoy Aquino in
1983, the epicenter of the protest movement against the
dictatorship of President Ferdinand E. Marcos.
inaugurated as an acting mayor by Corazon
C. Aquino after the People Power in EDSA and he
was elected as the
real mayor in 1987.
|January 2, 1995
||Makati became an independent city by virtue of Republic Act
|June 30, 1998
Lone District of Makati City was separated and divided into 2
districts. Lone District Representative Joker Arroyo became the representative
of the first district, while Senator Agapito
Aquino was elected representative of second district.
Elenita Binay became the first female
|June 30, 2001
C. Binay came back to his position
after his wife became a mayor.
|July 27, 2003
||The so-called Oakwood Mutiny was
staged at the Oakwood Hotel by the Magdalo soldiers, in protest
against President Gloria
||Mayor Jejomar Binay was suspended by the
ombudsman for corruption charges like his friend, Pasay City Mayor Peewee Trinidad, but Binay remained suspended
for only 3 days. Mayor Jejomar Binay and his Wife former
Mayor Elenita Binay face dozens of administrative and criminal
suits because of Graft and Corruption.
|October 19, 2007
accidental methane gas explosion ripped apart a section of the
Glorietta Mall at 1:30 PM, killing 11 persons.
|November 29, 2007
||In a continuation of events stemming from the Oakwood Mutiny, 25 Magdalo Officers led by
Senator Antonio Trillanes IV
and Brigadier General Danilo Lim overtook the Manila Peninsula Hotel in what has been
referred to as the Manila Pen
Geography and Landmarks
located within the quadrangle of 14′40″ °north and 121′3″ °E right
at the center of Metro
Manila. The city is bounded on the north by the
Pasig River, facing Mandaluyong
City, on the northeast by Pasig City, on the southeast by the municipality of Pateros and Taguig City, on the northwest by the City of Manila, and on the
southwest by Pasay
City. Makati has a total land area of 27.36 square
kilometers; it constitutes 4.3 % of Metro Manila's total land area.
At the center of the city is the Central Business District (CBD)
where many companies in the Philippines have their offices or
headquarters. This is where many of the country's tallest
skyscrapers are located. The Makati skyline is one of the most
impressive sights in Metro Manila.
Manila's main arteries pass through Makati.
Epifanio De los Santos Avenue (EDSA) pass along
the southeast part of Makati and connects the city with Mandaluyong
City and Pasay
(SLEX) runs through the western part of Makati
and connects the city with Manila to the north and with southern
Metro Manila. The Skyway, an elevated highway built on top of SLEX,
provides residents coming from southern Metro Manila a fast way to
reach Makati. SLEX
intersect at the Magallanes Interchange, which is the most complex
system of elevated roadways in Metro Manila.
Other major roads in Makati include Buendia Avenue, also called
Puyat Avenue, which connects EDSA and SLEX in the north; Ayala
Avenue, an important street that runs through the Central Business
District; and Makati Avenue, which connects Ayala Avenue with
Buendia Avenue, also extending north to cross the Pasig River to Mandaluyong City.
At the center of Makati is the Ayala
Triangle, a park built on the former Nielsen Air Base.
sister city is Los Angeles,
California. Makati is also twinned with Ramapo, New
Makati City and Taguig have recently fought over the jurisdiction
of Fort Bonifacio
. This Philippine
military base, most of which has been converted to a modern
commercial and residential development area, lies in an ambiguous
portion of the base, including the Libingan ng
mga Bayani (Cemetery for the Heroes) and the Manila
American Cemetery and Memorial lies within Taguig, while the northern portion
where the development center is now located used to be considered
part of Makati.
A 2003 ruling by a judge in the Pasig
Regional Trial Court has upheld the jurisdiction of Taguig over the
whole of Fort Bonifacio, including the Fort Bonfacio Global
Supreme Court on June 27, 2008 per Leonardo Quisumbing, dismissed the suit
of the Makati City, seeking to nullify Special Patents 3595 and
3596 signed by Fidel Ramos conveying to
the Bases Conversion and Development Authority public land in
Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City.
Because of a pending civil case filed by the Taguig City government
asking the court to define its territorial boundaries, Makati
therefore cannot stop Taguig from collecting taxes on land located
in Fort Bonifacio. Taguig City is a big threat to Makati City where
round-the-clock construction of office and residential towers, as
well as hotels and retail and commercial areas, BPO and Call
Centers are now transferring to Taguig City.
Makati City has a population of 444,867, according to the 2000
Census. This figure represents an increase of 39,824 or 8% over the
1995 Census figure. Among the cities and municipalities in Metro
Manila, Makati ranks fifth in population, with a 5% share. In a
span of 97 years, Makati's population grew 193 times. The 1903
Census placed the population at 2,700.
Although its population is slightly less than half a million, the
daytime population of Makati City is estimated to be a million
during a typical working weekday because of the large number of
people who go to the city to work, shop, and do business,
especially in the Central Business District.
The Central Business District (CBD) is where most of Makati's
financial resources are concentrated. This is an informal district
bounded by EDSA, Sen. Gil Puyat Avenue (formerly Buendia), Antonio
Arnaiz Road (formerly Pasay Road), and Chino Roces (formerly Pasong
Tamo). It mainly encompasses Legaspi Village, Salcedo Village,
Ayala Center, and parts of Bel-Air. Much of the area is owned by
Ayala Land, Inc and administered through Makati Commercial Estates
Authority (MACEA), its subsidiary.
Many skyscrapers rise in this area. PBCom Tower along Ayala Avenue
is the country's tallest building and reaches up 259 meters. It is
the headquarters of the Philippine Bank of
, or PBCom. The Makati CBD is considered to be
one of the most vibrant commercial districts in South-East
One of the trading floors of the Philippine Stock Exchange
housed in Ayala Tower One and at the old Makati Stock Exchange
Building, both also along Ayala Avenue. The Bank of the Philippine
(BPI), the country's oldest bank, has its headquarters
at the corner of Ayala Avenue and Paseo de Roxas.
companies that have their offices and country/regional headquarters
within Makati City, most within the CBD, include Philippine Savings Bank (PSBank),
& Gamble, Citibank, Ayala Corporation, Development Bank of the
Philippines (DBP), Metrobank, Intel Philippines, Microsoft Philippines,
Nestlé, Syngenta, Shell,
Convergys Corporation, Commonwealth
Insurance Company (CIC), PeopleSupport, Pan Pacific Computer
Center, Inc. (PPCC)
, Colgate-Palmolive Philippines, Inc., Holcim
Philippines, and JG Summit
. Hewlett Packard
's main Philippines office
and an HP service center are in Makati City. Asiana Airlines
operates a sales office on
the sixth floor of the Salcedo Tower in Makati City.
In 1975 Philippine Airlines
headquartered in the PAL Building in Makati City.
Switzerland, which serves the Philippines, Federated
States of Micronesia, and Palau, is located
on the 24th floor of the Equitable Bank Tower in Makati
EDSA and Ayala Avenue is the most known commercial center in the
city. Developed by the Ayala Corporation, it contains two
shopping malls, Glorietta and Greenbelt, five hotels, and an
The larger of the two shopping malls is
Glorietta, which itself is a cluster of malls. Rising from
Glorietta 4 is the Ascott Tower(formerly Oakwood Premier), a
luxurious hotel-apartment residence at the heart of the center.
Along the periphery of Glorietta are three department stores: SM
Department Store Makati, Rustan's, and the Landmark. Across Makati
Avenue from Glorietta is Greenbelt. This is one of the most
sophisticated, modern, and expensive malls in the country.
Greenbelt features dozens of coffee stores and restaurants, all
overlooking a well-landscaped green park at the center where a
domed Catholic chapel dominates the skyline. Other hotels in the
vicinity of Ayala Center are the Makati Shangri-la Hotel
, the Dusit Hotel
Nikkō, Manila Garden, the Hotel
Manila, and Renaissance Makati City Hotel.
Soon to rise is the Raffles Residences Manila, now under
construction at the corner of Makati Avenue and Arnaiz Avenue
(formerly Pasay Road).
Rockwell Center is the other first-class shopping center
in Makati. Rockwell features the large Power Plant
Mall popular with expatriates.
At the periphery
of the center are many high-class residential condominium towers,
the Asian Eye Institute, and the Ateneo de
Manila Professional Schools
main campus, which houses the
Ateneo Law School
, the Ateneo Graduate School of
, and the Ateneo
School of Government
Housing and residences
the country's wealthiest families live in North and South Forbes
Park, originally developed in 1948, and Dasmariñas
Village, first developed in the 1960s, on the other side of
EDSA from the Central Business District. Other well-to-do
people live in San Lorenzo Village, Urdaneta Village, Bel-Air
Village, and Magallanes Village.
These "villages" are not rural settlements
, but gated communities
. Many wealthy and
middle-class Makati residents live in high-rise condominiums in
Salcedo Village and Legazpi Village, two mixed-use zones located in
the heart of the CBD. Most of the average residents of the city
live in the city's periphery, especially in the eastern portions of
Cembo, Rizal, East and West Rembo, Pembo, Comembo, South Cembo, and
Over-crowded housing and "squatting," especially for the poor
residents of the city, remains an acute problem.
Education, culture, and sports
Educational Institutions in Makati City
Makati City is home to the Asian Institute of Management
(AIM). AIM, located along Paseo de Roxas across
Greenbelt began as a collaborative project of the Ateneo de
Manila University and De La Salle University. The Ateneo Professional Schools, a unit of
the Ateneo de
Manila University has facilities in Rockwell Center and Salcedo
The Rockwell campus houses the Ateneo Law School
, the Ateneo Graduate School of
, and the Ateneo
School of Government
. The Salcedo campus houses the Ateneo
Information Technology Institute. De La Salle University's Professional Schools
operates in RCBC Tower along Ayala Avenue.
Institute of Technology on Gil Puyat (formerly Buendia) Avenue is
an extension of Mapua in Intramuros in Manila.
Other notable colleges and Universities in Makati are the Asian
Seminary of Christian Ministries (ASCM) 
,Don Bosco Technical
, Assumption College
Colegio San Agustin
, Our Lady of Guadalupe Minor
, Asia Pacific
, the University of
. Assumption College, in San Lorenzo Village, is an
all-female college. The University of Makati (officially,
Pamantasan ng Makati
) is a university run by the city
government. Also in the city are the Makati Science High School and
Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino High School, both city-run high schools.
Trinidad Romualdez Memorial Schools
, named after Doña Remedios
Romualdez, the mother of the former first-lady Imelda Romualdez-Marcos
nursing school owned by of one of Makati's renowned hospitals,
Makati Medical Center
The Sta. Ana Racetrack
, which actually part of the
City of Manila, beside Pasig River in the northern part of the
city, is one of the two centers of horseracing
in the country—the other being the
San Lazaro Leisure Park in Carmona, Cavite. Along the
south-eastern border of Makati beyond Forbes
Park are the Manila Golf
Club and the Manila Polo Club .
The Manila Golf Club features an 18-hole golf
course amidst the lush greenery of the city. The Manila Polo Club
counts among its polo
enthusiasts some of the
country's wealthiest people. The Makati Sports Club in Salcedo
Village is another popular place for sports people. The Makati
Coliseum is another famous sports landmark in the city, where some
of the biggest sports gatherings are held.
Center also features, aside from its shopping malls, the Ayala Museum. This museum is most noted for its series of
dioramas depicting major events in Philippine history, from the
Mactan to the People
Makati has many Spanish-era churches, such as the Our Lady of
Guadalupe and the Nuestra Señora de Gracia (Our Lady of Grace) in
the old town. At the Greenbelt Park stands the modern domed chapel
of the Sto. Niño de la Paz. Between Forbes Park and Dasmariñas Village is the Santuario de San Antonio, a popular church
for weddings in the Makati area.
The National Shrine of the
Sacred Heart is located in San Antonio Village.
At the northern part of the city is the 25-hectare Manila South
Cemetery. Every All Saints Day
of people flock to the cemetery to pay their respects to their
deceased loved ones.
plying the Epifanio De los Santos Avenue (EDSA)
route from Baclaran in Paranaque to Quezon City and Caloocan
City pass through the Central Business District
ply Makati's inner
roads, and connect the city to its surrounding towns and cities.
Metro Rail Transit
(MRT-3) on EDSA has four stations located in Makati: Guadalupe, Buendia, Ayala and Magallanes.
The Pasig River
is located on the North
of this city. The Pasig River
has 2 stations. The following stations are
Guadalupe and Valenzuela.
Like other cities in the
, Makati City is governed by a Mayor and Vice Mayor
who are elected to three-year terms. The Mayor is the executive
head and leads the city's departments in executing the city
ordinances and improving public services. The Vice Mayor heads a
legislative council consisting of 18 members: 8 Councilors from the
First District, 8 Councilors from the Second District, the
President of the Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) Federation,
representing the youth sector, and the President of the Association
of Barangay Chairmen (ABC) as barangay sectoral representative. The
council is in charge of creating the city's policies in the form of
Ordinances and Resolutions.
Seal of Makati City
The official seal of Makati City depicts a silhouette of the
territory of Makati. At the bottom is the Pasig River, located on
the northern border of the city. The Guadalupe Church stands on the
river and is the oldest church in Makati—a reference to Spanish
influence. Behind the church rises the skyscrapers for which Makati
City is well-known. Behind the skyscrapers are 33 rays representing
of Makati.Makati city is
divided into 33 barangays
. These barangays
are grouped into two congressional districts, with each district
represented by a congressman in the House of
. Congressional District I occupies the western
and modern half of the city, while District II covers the poorer
Current Officials (2007–2010)
|Pio del Pilar
Novaliches & Commonwealth
- Marcelino Magsaysay,
- Eusebio Arpilleda,
- Hermogenes V. Santos, (1908–1911)
- Urbano Navarro, (1911–1913)
- Jose Magsaysay, (1913–1916)
- Pedro Domingo, (1917–1919)
- Ricardo Arpilleda,
- Igmidio Flores, (1920–1922)
- Nicanor Garcia, (1922–1934)
- Jose D. Villena, (1935–1941)
- Pablo Cortez, (1945–1947)
- Jose D. Villena, (1948–1954)
- Ignacio Babasa, (1954)
- Bernardo Umali, (1954)
- Maximo Estrella,
- Rafael "Paeng" Bañola,
- Jose Luciano,
- Cesar Alzona, (1971)
- Nemesio I. Yabut, (1972–1986)
- Jejomar C. Binay, (1986–1998)
- Elenita S. Binay, (1998–2001)
Image:HPIM2166.jpg|Greenbelt Park, at the heart of Makati
CBD, where al fresco cafés and restaurants are located.Image:Makati
skyline jps.jpg|Skyline of Makati City from Star
City.Image:Makati6.jpg|Makati CBD with the Glorietta Mall and The
Landmark, Ayala Center, in the
foregroundImage:Salcedo village.jpg|Skyline of MakatiImage:July 9, 2005 -
Tower the current tallest building in the
- manilastandardtoday.com, Court junks Makati’s suit
to nullify Ramos patents
- supremecourt.gov.ph, Binay v Taguig, G.R. No.
163175, June 27, 2008
- inquirer.net, Court rules against Makati in
property dispute case
- " Worldwide Offices Southeast Asia."
Airlines. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March
20, 1975. 497." Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
- " Swiss representations: Philippines."
Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. Accessed July 22,