Malabar ( ) is a region of
southern India, lying
between the Western Ghats and the
The name is thought to be derived from the
(Hill) and Puram
(region) derived or westernised
. This part of India was a part of the
British East India
controlled Madras State,when it was designated as
Malabar District .It included the northern half of the state of
Kerala and some coastal regions of present day
The area is predominantly Hindu
but the majority of Kerala's Muslim
population known as Mappila
also live in this area, as well as a sizable
population.The name is sometimes extended to the entire
southwestern coast of the peninsula, called the Malabar Coast
. Malabar is also used by
ecologists to refer to the tropical moist
of southwestern India (present day Kerala).
Malabar region lies
along the southwest coast of the Indian peninsula and forms the northern part of
present-day Kerala state. Malayalam
is the chief language of the region, and
the ancestors of today's population have inhabited the region for
centuries. The region formed part of the ancient kingdom of
for centuries. It became part of the
Hindu Vijayanagara empire in the 15th century.
with the breakup of the empire in the mid-16th century, the region
came under the rule of a number of local chieftains notably the Kolathiris of North Malabar, Zamorins of Calicut and the
Valluvokonathiris of Walluvanad.
came under British rule in the
18th century, during the Anglo-Mysore
During the British rules, the Malabar area was
divided in to two categories as North and South. North Malabar comprises : Present Kasaragod and Kannur Districts,
Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad District and
Vadakara Taluk of Kozhikode District.
Left over area in South
At the conclusion of the Anglo-Mysore wars, the region was
organized into a district of Madras
. The British district included the present-day
districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram, much of Palakkad and a small portion of Thrissur.
The administrative headquarters were at
Calicut (Kozhikode). With India's independence, Madras presidency
became Madras State
, which was divided
along linguistic lines on 1 November 1956, when Malabar district
was merged with the Kasaragod
immediately to the north and the state of Travancore-Cochin
to the south to form the
state of Kerala.
Malabar Coast, in
historical contexts, refers to India's southwest coast, lying on
the narrow coastal plain of Karnataka and Kerala states
between the Western Ghats range and
Sea. The coast runs from south of Goa to Cape Comorin on India's southern tip.
Malabar Coast is also sometimes used as an all encompassing term
for the entire Indian coast from
the western coast of Konkan to the tip of the
subcontinent at Cape
Backwaters in the Malabar, c.a.
It is over 525 miles or 845 km long.
from the South - Western coast of Maharashtra and goes along the coastal region of Goa, through the
entire western coast of Karnataka and Kerala and reaches
flanked by the Arabian
Sea on the west and the Western Ghats on the east.
part of this narrow coast is the South Western Ghats
moist deciduous forests
Malabar Coast features a number of historic port cities, notably
Kozhikode (Calicut), Cochin, and
Kannur, that have served as centers of the Indian Ocean trade for centuries.
Because of their
orientation to the sea and to maritime commerce, the Malabar coast
cities feel very cosmopolitan, and hosted some of the first groups
(now known as Syrian Malabar Nasranis
(today called as Cochin
), and Muslims
(at present known as
) in India.
Geographically, the Malabar Coast, especially on its
westward-facing mountain slopes, comprises the wettest region of
southern India, as the Western Ghats
intercept the moisture-laden monsoon
European settlements in India
The term Malabar
refers to one or more distinct ecoregions
recognized by biogeographers
- the Malabar Coast moist
forests formerly occupied the coastal zone to the 250 meter
elevation (but 95% of these forests no longer exist)
- the South Western Ghats
moist deciduous forests grow at intermediate elevations
- the South
Western Ghats montane rain forests cover the areas above 1000
The Monsooned Malabar coffee bean
comes from this area.