Malay College Kuala Kangsar (Malay College, MCKK,
MC or Koleq, Kolek and sometimes dubbed "the
Eton of the
East") is a residential school in Malaysia.
It is an
all-boys and all-Malay school located
in the royal town of Kuala Kangsar, Perak.
the Malay language
, it is called
Kolej Melayu Kuala Kangsar
or formerly Maktab
Melayu Kuala Kangsar
Coat of Arms
The shield is quartered, coloured white (argent
) in the
first quarter, red (gules
) in the second, black
) in the third and yellow (or
) in the
The colors represent the four Houses into which the students are
grouped; Idris (white), Sulaiman (red), Mohd Shah (yellow) and
Ahmad (black). The Houses are named in honor of the four Sultans
who founded the College.
In the middle of the shield is a red kris
traditional Malay dagger. On top of the crest is a head of a tiger which is the symbol of the Federation of
Surrounding the left and right side of the
shield are laurel wreaths symbolizing excellence. The school motto
is Fiat Sapientia Virtus
, which is Latin for Manliness
Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK) is the first fully-residential
school in Malaysia. Established on 2nd
, 1905, it was originally known as the Malay
of Kuala Kangsar.
The school was the brainchild of Mr R J Wilkinson, then Inspector
of Schools for the Federated Malay States. In a letter to the
Resident-General dated 24 February 1904 he wrote about
"establishing at a suitable locality in the F.M.S., a special
residential school for the education of Malays of good family and
for the training of Malay boys for admission to certain branches of
Its formation was supported by the then Rulers of the Federated
Malay States namely Sultan Idris Murshidul ‘Adzam Shah I of Perak,
Sultan Alaiddin Sulaiman Shah of Selangor, Yam Tuan Tuanku Muhammad
Shah of Negeri Sembilan and Sultan Ahmad Mu’adzam Shah of
Mr W Hargreaves, then Headmaster of Penang Free School
was appointed as the
first headmaster to lead the establishment of the school. Since
1965, the Malay College has been led by Malay headmasters.
As it was founded to educate the Malay elite, comprising of royal
children and the sons of Malay nobility, few of its early students
were from amongst commoner families. This changed dramatically
after 1947, as a result of rising Malay nationalism
. Today, selected Malay
boys aged from 12 to 17 from around Malaysia are being educated
The Straits Echo on 15 April 1905 reported that a few boys were
placed in cosy dormitories in Mr Hargreaves’ rented house, while
the others were stabled in small houses formerly occupied by the
Malayan Railway clerks. The second half of the school, conducted by
Mr Vanrenen was held in a fowl house. There were 40 boys in the
first intake of the school.
The sanction for the building of a permanent school became official
on 23 December 1905, and by 1 May 1909, the Big School was first
brought into use. On Saturday, 11 December 1909, the Big School was
officially opened by the Sultan of Perak, and the auspicious date
also marked the change in the name of the school from the Malay
Residential School of Kuala Kangsar to the Malay College of Kuala
The change also seems to have seen greater emphasis on the original
aim of MCKK. A report from 1910 said: "From this school the
Government have great hopes that the sons of Malays of the Raja and
higher class will be educated and trained on the lines of an
English Public School and be fitted to take a share in the
Government of their Country"
Since its inception, more than 5,000 boys (and 2 girls) have
entered the gates of MCKK.
The college celebrated its centenary on 26 March 2005, attended by
dignitaries, old boys, and townspeople. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
attended the event, along with the royal rulers of the states of
Perak, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan as well as the governor of Malacca.
On June 10 2006, Emperor Akihito
of Japan visited the school. The
monarchs had promised to visit the school back in 1990s.
Since 30 May 2007, the Malaysian Ministry of Education has
recognized MCKK as a cluster school.
MCKK has been the school for many prominent Malaysians such as
kings, sultans, prime ministers, ministers as well as senior
officials in the Government and leading figures in the private
The Clock Tower.
The tower and the administration block was opened by the High
Commissioner for the Federation of Malaya Sir Donald MacGillivray
The most recognizable feature of the school is the Big
(built in 1909), a building with pseudo Greco-Roman
architecture fronted by a rugby
field. The Prep School
, built later in 1912, is smaller
but with equally prominent features. In 1955, the West and East
, as well as the Administration Block
were added. The Administrative Block was opened by
Commissioner for the Federation of Malaya Sir Donald
MacGillivray in 1955.
The West and the East Wing,
together with the Overfloor make up what is now called the Big
. Two more hostel blocks, the Pavilion
were built in 1963 and 1972 respectively; the
latter houses second formers. Another prominent feature of the
school is the Big Tree
, a raintree (Samanea saman
) in front of the East Wing
that is said to be as old as the school itself.
The school has three fields. One is located in front of the Big
School, reserved for rugby
. The second
field is located south eastern of the Big School and it hosts
game. The third open space
is in the Administration Block and it is used for various
The College ground is also the only place in Malaysia where one
could find an Eton Fives
students neither use the court nor do they play the game,
The school also excels in sports and debate. It became a powerhouse
during the sixties and still
has one of the best rugby school teams in the nation . Nicknamed
"All-Blacks" after the New Zealand national
for its all black strip, they perform the haka
before matches. It has held a match
series against the Vajiravudh College of Thailand since 1960.
In odd-numbered years, the match
is held in Kuala Kangsar. In even-numbered years, it is held in
In addition to this, MCKK competes with rival
every year in a multi-games carnival.
Within the school, each student belongs to one of four "Rumah"
(sport houses), named after the founders of the school. They are
Sulaiman (represented by the color red), Ahmad (black), Mohd Shah
(yellow) and Idris (white). The four houses compete with each other
in sport. The competition between the four reaches its peak in the
school's Sports Day.
The alumni association
of MCKK is
known as the Malay
College Old Boys' Association
(MCOBA) and it was established in
the more notable alumni of the Malay College are: Dato' Onn Jaafar, the father of Malay nationalism and former Prime
Minister Tun Abdul Razak
Hussein, the former Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim, Malaysian ministers Hishammuddin Hussein, Effendi Norwawi, Fauzi Abdul Rahman and Nazri Aziz, politician and former
chairman of the Barisan Nasional Backbenchers
Club Shahrir Samad, the
Sultans of Pahang and Perak, late
Omar Ali Saifuddin III of
Brunei from 1932 to 1936 and the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of
Sako or Ishak Haji Muhammad
Sri Yahya Ahmad
and Dr. Azahari Husin
were also alumni.
The novelist and composer Anthony
(1917-93), author of The Long Day Wanes: A Malayan
, was a master at MCKK. He taught English and history,
and was housemaster at King's Pavilion, between 1956 and 1957
during the headmastership of J.D.R. "Jimmy" Howell. Burgess
composed Sinfoni Melayu
(1956) and later Sinfoni Malaya
for orchestra and brass
band (1957), which included cries of "Merdeka
!" from the audience. He also wrote two
pieces for MCKK. These were the 'Ode: Celebration for a Malay
college', for boys' voices and piano (1954), and 'Cantata for a
Malay college' (1954).
The alumni association is based in the Penthouse of the MCOBA
building in Kuala Lumpur, which is also home of UEM
A few school traditions survive:
- the wearing of one of two forms of the school tie every
Wednesday by the old boys.
- the annual gathering lasting around three days at the school
itself - referred to as Old Boys Weekend. During the
weekend, sports matches are held between the Old Boys and the
students, culminating with a rugby match on Sunday morning.
- an annual formal dinner for old boys, usually held in a
ballroom in Kuala Lumpur.
- the school cheering where almost every student is required to
sing in unison various fight songs during official sport matches
while wearing a specially designed polo-shirt.
- 1905—1918: William Hargreaves
- 1918—1919: J.O. May
- 1919—1923: L.A.S. Jermyn
- 1923—1938: C. Bazell
- 1938—1949: H.R. Carey
- 1949—1953: K.D. Luke
- 1953—1958: J.D.R. Howell
- 1958—1959: P.G. Haig
- 1959—1965: N.J. Ryan
- 1965—1969: Dato' Abdul Aziz Ismail
- 1970—1971: Syed Abu Bakar Barakbah
- 1971—1972: Dato' Mohd. Ghazali Hj. Hanafiah
- 1973—1975: Nordin Nasir
- 1975—1977: Abdul Rahman Mohd. Ali
- 1977—1982: Wan Abdul Aziz Wan Hamzah
- 1982—1983: Syed Alwi Syed Aljunid
- 1983—1987: Zainal Abidin Hj. Ahmad
- 1988—1992: Dato' Rashdi Ramlan
- 1992—1995: Dato' Hj. Hassan Hashim
- 1995—1999: Datuk Hj. Baharom Kamari
- 1999—2003: Dato' Hj. Alimuddin Hj. Mohd. Dom
- 2004—present: Mohd Rauhi Mohd Isa(babi gle)a.k.a shahriman
- Johan, Khasnor. Educating The Malay Elite: The Malay
College Kuala Kangsar, 1905-1941. Pustaka Antara. Malay
College Old Boys Association. The Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. ISBN
- Johan, Khasnor. Leadership But What's Next? ISBN
- Neil J Ryan. The Last Expatriate: Reminiscenses of an
educationalist in Malaysia. Utusan Publications &
Distributors Sdn. Bhd. ISBN 967-61-1730-7
- Nik Ismail Nik Daud. Arbain Kadri. Prosiding Simposium
MCOBA 1. December 3, 1989.