The Full Wiki

More info on Malaysian Public Works Department

Malaysian Public Works Department: Map

Advertisements
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Public Works Department (PWD) or Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) is a government department in Malaysiamarker which constructs and maintain public infrastructure in Malaysia such as federal and state roads, government buildings, electricity, water and many more. In Peninsular Malaysiamarker, Labuan FTmarker and Putrajaya FTmarker, this agency is called Public Works Department (PWD) Malaysia or Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia (JKR Malaysia) under the Malaysian Ministry of Works (MOW). As for Sabah and Sarawak, this agency bears the same name and scope of works, but were put under their respective state governments, as part of privileges of autonomy gained by these two states during formation of Malaysia in 1963. PWD of Sabah, or JKR Sabah is administratively under Kementerian Pembangunan Infrastruktur of Sabah state government, while PWD of Sarawak or JKR Sarawak is administratively under Kementerian Pembangunan Infrastruktur and Komunikasi (MIDCOM) of Sarawak state government.

History

For more than 100 years, Malaysian Public Works Department (PWD) touched many aspects of the nation's life. The department had provided infrastructure and conducive environment for living, working, playing, and praying. JKR built roads as a means of communications, and they have been the main catalyst in the socio-economic development of the country. JKR also supplied safe water and had contributed in building a healthy and progressive nation. Architecture has been playing a major role in the nation's building. Some buildings have been accepted as important landmarks in Malaysia and has enriched the Malaysian architectural heritage, and therefore JKR is proud to have contributed significantly in these development.

The initiation of PWD in Malaya

Public Works Department (PWD) was formed in 1872 with Major J.F.A McNair as the first head of the organization.

The events that lead to the formation of PWD began earlier than 1872 when the British East India Company - trading between Englandmarker, Indiamarker, and Chinamarker - needed a safe station for refitting their ships. They found it in Penangmarker. Penang was well positioned for their purpose. In 1786, they persuaded the Sultan of Kedah to give up the rights of the island to the company. They managed to get Penang in 1791 through a treaty. In 1825, through the Anglo-Dutch Treaty, Malaccamarker reverted to the British in exchange for Bengkulumarker. Thomas Stamford Raffles, in 1819, entered into a treaty with Sultan Hussein and Temenggong Abdul Rahman giving the British the rights to establish settlements in Singaporemarker. These three territories (Penang, Malacca, and Singapore) formed the Straits Settlementmarker in 1826.

Another reason that brought the British to settle in the region was because of the tin-rich and fertile cultivation land in many of the Malay States. The so-called Pangkor Engagement (1874) paved the way for the British influence in Malay States. During this year, they managed to make inroad into Perakmarker, Selangormarker, and Negeri Sembilanmarker. They posted their Residents and Subordinate Officers to advice the Malay rulers. Later, Pahangmarker also accepted this residential system of government. By 1896, the system was administered centrally with Kuala Lumpur as the seat of authority. The four states together with Kuala Lumpur was known as the Federated Malay Statesmarker.

Many buildings were built by PWD in Federated Malay Statesmarker capitals Kuala Lumpur between 1896 to 1941 including Sultan Abdul Samad Building, Selangor Museummarker, Residency, King's House, Masjid Jamek Kuala Lumpurmarker, and many more.

The initiation of PWD in Sabah

Public Works Department Sabah was formed during the British North Borneo Chartered Company era on 1st November 1881. PWD Sabah was back then given a minor role in the infrastructure aspect in view of ports and railway systems.

The Department then was only headed by a Chief Works Officer and acted as an agency who plays supporting role to the North Borneo Chartered Company. Among the Chief Works Officers, one of them who served the Public Works Department then was Mr. E.A. Pavit in the year 1896. British North Borneo Company was dissolved by the British Government’s instructions in the year 1930 and the State Of North Borneo was formed as a “ British Protected State”. The State of North Borneo was administered by a Governor then.

The Administration of the State Of North Borneo (British protected State) was also subsequently dissolved on 10th July 1946 through a Letter of Patent and Royal Order. The State of Borneo was placed under the Crown Colony that was ruled by the British Queen and run by a Governor.

In 1948, the Public Works Department was given a bigger role, run as a department that was given the responsibility of infrastructure development planned by the Government. The Director of Public Works was appointed as an advisor to the Governor in the infrastructure development and was also a permanent member in the State Advisory Council.

Mr. P. O. Cornell was appointed as the first Director Of Public Works to head the Public Works Department. Road infrastructures was been given full emphasize by the Department. Expertise and machineries were brought in by the British Government to implement the works that were planned. Local workers were also employed.

Among the works planned, construction of road from North to South, East To West and the interior. On top of that, the Public Works Department was also given the role of constructing airfields, hospitals, ports, jetties and government buildings.

The initiation of PWD in Sarawak

PWD Sarawak is the oldest government agency in Malaysia. It was formed during the administration of Rajah Brooke under the name "Works Department". It was back then involved in many infrastructure works, including building of government buildings, ports, airports, airfields, jetties, wharves and roads. After the formation of Malaysia, this department was renamed as "Public Works Department Sarawak" or "Jabatan Kerja Raya Sarawak". It remains the entity of Sarawak state government until now and is administratively different from the one in Peninsular Malaysia. PWD Sarawak is currently under Ministry of Infrastructure and Communication (MIDCOM). However, PWD Sarawak remains the sole technical department in Sarawak to implement most government-funded projects including federal-funded projects.

PWD Sarawak has wider scope of works compared to PWD in other states of Malaysia. Since that there are no Jabatan Bekalan Air or Water Supply Department in Sarawak, PWD Sarawak is being entrusted to manage water supply and distribution throughout Sarawak, excluding the areas governed by Kuching Water Board, Sibu Water Board and Northern Region Water Board. Apart from that, PWD Sarawak is actively involved in construction and maintenance of government buildings, roads and other infrastructures.

Nowadays, many federal-funded projects were implemented by federal government-appointed consultant or project management consultant. These includes construction of schools, hospitals, immigration posts and police stations, while some of them are implemented directly by PWD Malaysia without involvement of PWD Sarawak. This scenario, however, has lead into various missunderstandings among public and disputes in court, for example Kuching Prison project. Failure of implementation of these projects have indirectly tarnished the image of PWD Sarawak, although PWD Sarawak has no connection or involvement in it. Maintenance of federal departments' buildings has also been handed over to Federal Secretary or Setiausaha Persekutuan. Problem arises when some of these technical development and maintenance projects were unable to be solved because of no involvement of PWD Sarawak, the sole technical agency in Sarawak.

Post-independence projects

After Federation of Malayamarker achieved its independence on 31 August 1957. Many infrastructure have been built including Stadium Merdekamarker, Malaysian Houses of Parliamentmarker, Subang International Airport, Klang Gates Dammarker, Stadium Negaramarker and many more.

List of JKR Malaysia current infrastructures



List of JKR Sabah current infrastructures

  • Federal roads/highways in Sabah
  • Sabah State Roads system
  • Rural/village/longhouse roads
  • Bridges
  • Jetties, wharves and pontoons
  • Military bases
  • Airfields and airstrips
  • Dams, water intakes and water treatment plants
  • State government buildings, offices and quarters


List of JKR Sarawak current infrastructures

JKR Sarawak involves in maintenance of the following infrastructures:
  • Federal roads/highways in Sarawak
  • Sarawak State Roads system
  • Rural/village/longhouse roads
  • Bridges
  • Jetties, wharves and pontoons
  • Military bases
  • Airfields and airstrips
  • Dams, water intakes and water treatment plants
  • State government buildings, offices and quarters


JKR Sarawak also involves in development of the following infrastructures:
  • Federal roads/highways in Sarawak
  • Sarawak State Roads system
  • Rural/village/longhouse roads
  • Bridges
  • Jetties, wharves and pontoons
  • Ferry services
  • Military bases
  • Airfields and airstrips
  • Mosques and suraus
  • Dams, water intakes and water treatment plants
  • Federal government buildings, offices and quarters


List of JKR Malaysia Departments

Infrastructures

  • Airbase and Maritime Engineering Branch
  • Road Branch
  • Water Works Branch
  • Cliff Branch
  • Military Works Branch


Building

  • General Building Works Branch
  • Safety Works Branch
  • Health Branch
  • Education Branch


Structure & Specialized Engineering

  • Environment Branch
  • Architect Branch
  • Electrical Branch
  • Mechanical Branch
  • Contract and Quantity Survey Branch
  • General Works and Specialist Engineering Branch


List of JKR Sabah Departments

please extended

List of JKR Sarawak Departments

Human Resource Management Branch

  • Personnel Section
  • General Section
  • Registry Section


Building Branch

  • Building development
  • Building maintenance
  • Planning and design
  • Drawing unit
  • Government functions and celebrations


Water Supply Branch

  • Water supply operation and maintenance
  • Water supply development projects and design


Geotechnical & Structural Engineering Branch

  • Wharves, jetties and riverwalls
  • Bridges
  • Investigation and design


Defence and Home Affair Branch

Implementation of projects and maintenance of buildings under:
  • Ministry of Home Affair
  • Ministry of Defence
  • Ministry of Internal Security


Mechanical Branch

  • Mechanical and vehicle maintenance
  • Ferry services
  • Research and development
  • Petrol, oil and lubricants (POL)


Electrical Branch

Road Branch

  • Road maintenance
  • Road development


Account Branch

Quantity Surveying Branch

  • Technical management section
  • Management section
  • Support service section


Store Branch

  • Central Unallocated Store
  • Store admin section


Technical Management Branch

  • Quality Assurance & Control Unit
  • Environmental Management Unit
  • Information Technology Unit
  • Geographic Information System/Remote Sensing Unit
  • Human Resource Development Unit


Contract Services Units

SCORE Units

  • Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE) projects


See also



External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message