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Manado is the capital of the North Sulawesimarker province of Indonesiamarker. Manado is located at the Bay of Manado, and is surrounded by a mountainous area. The city has about 417,548 inhabitants. The municipality of Manado is divided into nine districts: Malalayang, Sario, Wanea, Wenang, Tikala, Mapanget, Singkil, Tuminting and Mapanget.

History

The Dutch East India Company built a fortress in Manado in 1658. As with regions in eastern Indonesia, Manado has undergone Christianization by Dutch missionaries, including Riedel and Schwarz. The Javanese prince Diponegoro was exiled to Manado by the Dutch government in 1830. The English biologist Alfred Wallace visited Manado in 1859, and praised the town for its beauty.

In 1919, the Apostolic Prefecture of Celebes was established in the city. In 1961, it was promoted as the Diocese of Manado.

The city was heavily damaged by Allied bombing during World War II. In 1958, the headquarters of the rebel movement Permesta were moved to Manado. When Permesta confronted the central government with demands for political, economic and regional reform, Jakarta responded in Manado by bombing the city in February 1958, and then invading in June 1958.

A rare Coelacanth was caught by a fisherman in Manado in July 2007 and there are plans to display its preserved body in a museum in Manado. Unfortunately, there is no museum or any representative place to exhibit preserved marine organism specially the rare species found in Manado. This is the remaining problem for the local government to face on WOC or other MICE.

Tourism and Places of interest



As the largest city in the region, Manado is a key tourist transit point for visitors. Sam Ratulangi International Airportmarker of Manado is one of the main entry ports to Indonesiamarker. In 2005, no less than 15,000 international passengers entered Indonesiamarker via Sam Ratulangi International Airportmarker. Ecotourism is the biggest attraction in Manado. Scuba diving and snorkelling on the nearby island of Bunakenmarker are popular attractions. Ban Hin Kiong Temple is another tourism spot in the city, especially during the Chinese new year celebration. Souvenirs shops are located on B.W. Lapian street. Other places of interest are nearby Lake Tondanomarker, Lokon Volcanomarker, Klabat Volcanomarker and Mahawu Volcanomarker.

Shopping malls

It is easy to find places to shop around Manado, since many of the shopping malls are located on Piere Tendean Boulevard. There are four recent shopping malls there, namely Mega Mall, Manado Town Square, Boulevard Mall and IT Center. Traffic jam usually occurs at Piere Tendean Boulevard because of the existence of the shopping malls.

File:Manado town_square.jpg|Manado Town SquareFile:manado megamal.jpg|Mega Mall

World Ocean Conference 2009

Manado was host to the 2009 World Ocean Conference (WOC) 2009.

Foreign relations

  • Sister cities
* Davao Citymarker, Philippinesmarker
* Zamboanga Citymarker, Philippinesmarker


Language

The local language spoken in Manado and the surrounding area is a creole of the Malay language called Manado Malay.

Newspaper

  • Manado Post
  • Koran Manado
  • Komentar
  • Posko
  • Tribun Sulut
  • Media Sulut
  • Tribun Manado


References



External links




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