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The Manchester derby is the name given to football matches between Manchester City and Manchester United. As with any major football rivalry, gloating and banter between the two sets of fans is commonplace. United fans point out that City have gone several decades without winning a major trophy, whereas City fans claim United do not actually come from Manchester. United's Old Traffordmarker ground lies just outside the city boundaries in Trafford Boroughmarker, or Greater Manchestermarker, although Manchester United did form in Newton Heathmarker and played there for many years.

History

The first meeting between the two teams occurred on 12 November 1881, when West Gorton (St. Marks) – the future City – hosted Newton Heath – the future Manchester United. The game finished 3–0 in favour of the Heathens (United), and was described by the Ashton Reporter as "a pleasant game". The first Football League meeting between the teams came in the 1894–95 season, Newton Heath beating Manchester City 5–2 at Hyde Roadmarker. However, the two sides had previously met in the 1891–92 season in the Football Alliance, on 10 October 1891, with Newton Heath defeating Ardwick 3–1 in front of a crowd of 4,000 at North Roadmarker. The first meeting between the clubs to take place at the highest level of English football occurred in December 1906, a 3–0 City win in a First Division match for which the gate receipts exceeded £1,000, a very large figure for the time.

Before the Second World War, many football supporters in Manchester watched City one week and United the next. After the war, a stronger rivalry developed and following both teams became uncommon.

Floodlights

The first floodlit Manchester derby was played on 26th February 1889 at the Belle Vue Athletic Ground. Wells electric lights were placed around the ground and a crowd of 10,000 watched Newton Heath defeat Ardwick 3-2. The match was played in aid of the Hyde Coal Mine disaster..

The first competitive floodlit derby was the Charity Shield match played in October 1956. The game was a break with tradition as Charity Shield games were typically played at the home ground of the League Champions, but as Old Trafford had yet to install lights, the game was played at Maine Road.

The 1970s

Manchester derbies in the 1970s were frequently bad tempered. In the December 1970 derby, a tackle by George Best broke the leg of Glyn Pardoe; the severity of the injury almost resulted in the City defender losing his leg. The following season, an entertaining 3–3 draw saw Francis Lee accuse George Best of diving and emphasised the point to the referee by throwing himself theatrically to the floor. The first derby of the 1973–74 season saw Mike Doyle and Lou Macari each receive a red card in a dour contest which finished 0–0. Both players refused to leave the pitch, leading the referee to take both teams back to the dressing room until the two players accepted their dismissals.

The Denis Law game

The return fixture came at Old Trafford on the penultimate day of the season (United still had an away game to play at Stoke) with high stakes, United trying to avoid relegation with a win, although they were also relying on Norwich beating Birmingham that day for their result to matter. After 80 slow minutes with no score, Francis Lee played the ball towards former United player Denis Law, who was standing with his back to goal. Law instinctively back-heeled the ball past goalkeeper Alex Stepney and into the back of the net. As his City team-mates congratulated him, the stunned Law left the pitch head down as he realised the consequences for his former club. Law later said of the goal: "I have seldom felt so depressed in my life as I did that weekend. After 19 years of giving everything I had to score goals, I had finally scored one which I almost wished I hadn't." Law was immediately substituted, and never played league football again. In the closing minutes of the match, United supporters hit the pitch and forced abandonment. However, the result stood, and United's relegation was confirmed. Results subsequently revealed that United would have still been relegated if the match was drawn, but the match is still remembered among City supporters as "the day Denis Law back-heeled United into the Second Division". United would return to the First Division the next season.

Present

Until recently, City's only success in recent years was the 5-1 win at Maine Road in September 1989, when City had just returned to the top flight after two years away, while United were still struggling to make a serious impact on the English game in three years since the appointment of Alex Ferguson as manager. The return game at Old Trafford in February brought an unremarkable 1-1 draw.

However, in the 1990s, United dominated the fixture, going unbeaten in derbies for the full decade. In 1990-91, with both Manchester clubs competing in the top half of the table but not looking like real title contenders, the Maine Roadmarker clash in October delivered a pulsating 3-3 draw, but the return match at Old Trafford in early May saw United win 1-0 and the only goal of the game came from 17-year-old winger Ryan Giggs, scoring for the first time in his career. The 1991-92 derbies were uneventful - a goalless draw at Maine Road in mid November and a 1-1 draw at Old Trafford in early April.

The first Manchester derby following the creation of the FA Premier League for the 1992-93 season was a 2-1 win for United at Old Trafford on 6 December 1992. Making his United debut on that day was new signing Eric Cantona, who would go on to score eight goals in Manchester derbies over the next four seasons - the first in the return match at Maine Road that March which ended in a 1-1 draw. 1993-94 saw one of the finest Manchester derbies ever, when United overturned a 2-0 defecit at Maine Road to win 3-2, with Eric Cantona scoring twice. Cantona scored a double on St George's Day as United won 2-0 at Old Trafford. Cantona was on target again in the next Manchester derby in November 1994, though it was Andrei Kanchelskis who stole the show with a hat-trick in a 5-0 win. United won the return game 3-0 at Maine Road three months later. 1995-96 was the last season of the millennium which brought a Manchester derby, as City were relegated. The first derby of the season came at Old Trafford in mid October with a 1-0 win for United in which Paul Scholes, still only 20, scored the only goal of the game and only a string of superb saves from United goalkeeper Peter Schmeichel prevented City from gaining a surprise win. The return game in early April saw United win 3-2 at Maine Road, with yet another goal from Cantona, who had netted a penalty against City in a 2-1 win in the FA Cup fifth round two months earlier.

The first Old Trafford derby of the new millennium saw the culmination of a long standing feud between Roy Keane and Alf-Inge Haaland. The feud started in 1998, when United captain Keane suffered a cruciate ligament injury when clean through on goal, being chased down by Haaland (then playing for Leeds, a team that also have an unpleasant rivalry with United). As Keane lay on the ground, Haaland accused him of feigning injury. Three years later, in the derby match of April 2001, Haaland was the City captain. Late in the game, Keane made a knee-high tackle on Haaland, for which he received a red card. In his autobiography, published in 2002, Keane admitted that the challenge was a premeditated attempt to injure, an admission which resulted in a £150,000 fine and a five-match ban. Subsequent to the incident, Haaland had a long struggle with knee problems and retired in 2002. Haaland initially stated that his injury problems were not related to the challenge, but later received medical advice which suggested the challenge aggravated an earlier injury.

City won both the last derby match at Maine Road and the first derby match at their new stadium, the City of Manchester Stadiummarker.

During the 2006–07 Premier League, United beat City 3–1 at Old Trafford and then won 1–0 at the City of Manchester Stadium (the game that ultimately led to United winning the title).

The 2007–08 derby games were both won by Manchester City, 1–0 at the City of Manchester Stadium on 19 August 2007, and 2–1 at Old Traffordmarker on 10 February 2008 (just four days after the 50th anniversary of the Munich air disastermarker – a well observed one minute silence preceded the match). Darius Vassell and Benjani Mwaruwari scored for City in the 24th and 45th minutes respectively. Michael Carrick scored for United in the 90th minute. It was the first time since April 1974 that City had beaten United in the league at Old Trafford and the first time they had won both league derby games since the 1969–70 season. United prevented City from winning a third consecutive derby match in the first derby of the 2008–09 season, Wayne Rooney scoring the game's only goal. Cristiano Ronaldo was sent off in the same game for a bizarre handball. Alex Ferguson proclaimed the 2009–10 Manchester derby at Old Trafford as "probably…the best derby of all time". Manchester United won this game 4–3 after Manchester City had equalised three times only for Michael Owen to score the winning goal after 95 minutes.

Peter Schmeichel, who played for both United and City, can claim an unbeaten record in derby games – United were unbeaten during his nine years at Old Trafford, while in his single season at Maine Road (his last before he retired) City beat United at home.

Statistics



As of 20 September 2009, there have been 152 competitive meetings between the teams. United have won 62 and City 41, the remaining 49 games finishing as draws.

The biggest victory was 6–1 to City on 23 January 1926. Both teams have won 5–0 once (City in 1955, United in 1994). The largest attendance for a Manchester derby was 78,000 on 20 September 1947, a time when both clubs were playing at Maine Roadmarker, as Old Trafford was being repaired following damage sustained in the Second World War.

Competition City wins Draws United wins
League 37 48 56
FA Cup 2 0 4
League Cup 2 1 1
Community Shield 0 0 1
Total 41 49 62


Top goalscorers
Player Goals
Joe Hayes, Francis Lee 10
Bobby Charlton 9
Colin Bell, Eric Cantona, Brian Kidd, Joe Spence 8
Dennis Viollet 7
all statistics exclude the abandoned match from the 1960–61 season

Non-competitive derbies

A large number of non-competitive Manchester derbies have taken place. The majority of these occurred during the Second World War, when a total of 44 matches were played between the teams. In recent years, non-competitive matches between the teams have generally been testimonials, such as those for Paul Lake and Denis Irwin. Matches between non-first team sides representing the Manchester clubs also have an element of rivalry, with occasions when the reserve teams meet sometimes referred to as "mini-derbies". This term is also used in reference to when supporters' offshoot clubs (Maine Road F.C.marker and F.C. United of Manchester) meet.

All time results

League



Manchester City vs Manchester United
Date Venue Score Competition
3 November 1894 Hyde Roadmarker 2–5 Second Division
7 December 1895 Hyde Roadmarker 2–1 Second Division
3 October 1896 Hyde Roadmarker 0–0 Second Division
25 December 1897 Hyde Roadmarker 0–1 Second Division
26 December 1898 Hyde Roadmarker 4–0 Second Division
10 April 1903 Hyde Roadmarker 0–2 Second Division
1 December 1906 Hyde Roadmarker 3–0 First Division
18 April 1908 Hyde Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
19 September 1908 Hyde Roadmarker 1–2 First Division
21 January 1911 Hyde Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
2 September 1911 Hyde Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
28 December 1912 Hyde Roadmarker 0–2 First Division
6 December 1913 Hyde Roadmarker 0–2 First Division
2 January 1915 Hyde Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
11 October 1919 Hyde Roadmarker 3–3 First Division
27 November 1920 Hyde Roadmarker 3–0 First Division
22 October 1921 Hyde Roadmarker 4–1 First Division
12 September 1925 Maine Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
12 September 1928 Maine Roadmarker 2–2 First Division
8 February 1930 Maine Roadmarker 0–1 First Division
4 October 1930 Maine Roadmarker 4–1 First Division
9 January 1937 Maine Roadmarker 1–0 First Division
20 September 1947 Maine Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
11 September 1948 Maine Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
31 December 1949 Maine Roadmarker 1–2 First Division
15 September 1951 Maine Roadmarker 1–2 First Division
30 August 1952 Maine Roadmarker 2–1 First Division
5 September 1953 Maine Roadmarker 2–0 First Division
25 September 1954 Maine Roadmarker 3–2 First Division
3 September 1955 Maine Roadmarker 1–0 First Division
2 February 1957 Maine Roadmarker 2–4 First Division
28 December 1957 Maine Roadmarker 2–2 First Division
27 September 1958 Maine Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
19 September 1959 Maine Roadmarker 3–0 First Division
4 March 1961 Maine Roadmarker 1–3 First Division
10 February 1962 Maine Roadmarker 0–2 First Division
15 May 1963 Maine Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
21 January 1967 Maine Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
30 September 1967 Maine Roadmarker 1–2 First Division
17 August 1968 Maine Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
15 November 1969 Maine Roadmarker 4–0 First Division
5 May 1971 Maine Roadmarker 3–4 First Division
6 November 1971 Maine Roadmarker 3–3 First Division
18 November 1972 Maine Roadmarker 3–0 First Division
13 March 1974 Maine Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
27 September 1975 Maine Roadmarker 2–2 First Division
25 September 1976 Maine Roadmarker 1–3 First Division
10 September 1977 Maine Roadmarker 3–1 First Division
10 February 1979 Maine Roadmarker 0–3 First Division
10 November 1979 Maine Roadmarker 2–0 First Division
21 February 1981 Maine Roadmarker 1–0 First Division
10 October 1981 Maine Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
5 March 1983 Maine Roadmarker 1–2 First Division
14 September 1985 Maine Roadmarker 0–3 First Division
26 October 1986 Maine Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
23 September 1989 Maine Roadmarker 5–1 First Division
27 October 1990 Maine Roadmarker 3–3 First Division
16 November 1991 Maine Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
20 March 1993 Maine Roadmarker 1–1 Premier League
7 November 1993 Maine Roadmarker 2–3 Premier League
11 February 1995 Maine Roadmarker 0–3 Premier League
6 April 1996 Maine Roadmarker 2–3 Premier League
18 November 2000 Maine Roadmarker 0–1 Premier League
9 November 2002 Maine Roadmarker 3–1 Premier League
14 March 2004 City of Manchestermarker 4–1 Premier League
13 February 2005 City of Manchestermarker 0–2 Premier League
13 January 2006 City of Manchestermarker 3–1 Premier League
5 May 2007 City of Manchestermarker 0–1 Premier League
19 August 2007 City of Manchestermarker 1–0 Premier League
30 November 2008 City of Manchestermarker 0–1 Premier League


City wins Draws United wins
22 23 25




Manchester United vs Manchester City
Date Venue Score Competition
1 January 1895 Bank Streetmarker 4–1 Second Division
5 October 1895 Bank Streetmarker 1–1 Second Division
25 December 1896 Bank Streetmarker 2–1 Second Division
16 October 1897 Bank Streetmarker 1–1 Second Division
10 September 1898 Bank Streetmarker 3–0 Second Division
25 December 1902 Bank Streetmarker 1–1 Second Division
6 April 1907 Bank Streetmarker 1–1 First Division
21 December 1907 Bank Streetmarker 3–1 First Division
23 January 1909 Bank Streetmarker 3–1 First Division
17 September 1910 Old Traffordmarker 2–1 First Division
30 December 1911 Old Traffordmarker 0–0 First Division
7 September 1912 Old Traffordmarker 0–1 First Division
11 April 1914 Old Traffordmarker 0–1 First Division
5 September 1914 Old Traffordmarker 0–0 First Division
18 October 1919 Old Traffordmarker 1–0 First Division
20 November 1920 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 First Division
29 October 1921 Old Traffordmarker 3–1 First Division
23 January 1926 Old Traffordmarker 1–6 First Division
23 January 1929 Old Traffordmarker 1–2 First Division
5 October 1929 Old Traffordmarker 1–3 First Division
7 February 1931 Old Traffordmarker 1–3 First Division
12 September 1936 Old Traffordmarker 3–2 First Division
7 April 1948 Maine Roadmarker 1–1 First Division
22 January 1949 Maine Roadmarker 0–0 First Division
3 September 1949 Old Traffordmarker 2–1 First Division
19 January 1952 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 First Division
3 January 1953 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 First Division
16 January 1954 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 First Division
12 February 1955 Old Traffordmarker 0–5 First Division
31 December 1955 Old Traffordmarker 2–1 First Division
22 September 1956 Old Traffordmarker 2–0 First Division
31 August 1957 Old Traffordmarker 4–1 First Division
14 February 1959 Old Traffordmarker 4–1 First Division
6 February 1960 Old Traffordmarker 0–0 First Division
31 December 1960 Old Traffordmarker 5–1 First Division
23 September 1961 Old Traffordmarker 3–2 First Division
15 September 1962 Old Traffordmarker 2–3 First Division
17 September 1966 Old Traffordmarker 1–0 First Division
27 March 1968 Old Traffordmarker 1–3 First Division
8 March 1969 Old Traffordmarker 0–1 First Division
28 March 1970 Old Traffordmarker 1–2 First Division
12 December 1970 Old Traffordmarker 1–4 First Division
12 April 1972 Old Traffordmarker 1–3 First Division
21 April 1973 Old Traffordmarker 0–0 First Division
27 April 1974 Old Traffordmarker 0–1 First Division
4 May 1976 Old Traffordmarker 2–0 First Division
5 March 1977 Old Traffordmarker 3–1 First Division
15 March 1978 Old Traffordmarker 2–2 First Division
30 September 1978 Old Traffordmarker 1–0 First Division
22 March 1980 Old Traffordmarker 1–0 First Division
27 September 1980 Old Traffordmarker 2–2 First Division
27 February 1982 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 First Division
23 October 1982 Old Traffordmarker 2–2 First Division
22 March 1986 Old Traffordmarker 2–2 First Division
7 March 1987 Old Traffordmarker 2–0 First Division
3 February 1990 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 First Division
4 May 1991 Old Traffordmarker 1–0 First Division
7 April 1992 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 First Division
6 December 1992 Old Traffordmarker 2–1 Premier League
23 April 1994 Old Traffordmarker 2–0 Premier League
10 November 1994 Old Traffordmarker 5–0 Premier League
14 October 1995 Old Traffordmarker 1–0 Premier League
21 April 2001 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 Premier League
9 February 2003 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 Premier League
13 December 2003 Old Traffordmarker 3–1 Premier League
7 November 2004 Old Traffordmarker 0–0 Premier League
10 September 2005 Old Traffordmarker 1–1 Premier League
9 December 2006 Old Traffordmarker 3–1 Premier League
10 February 2008 Old Traffordmarker 1–2 Premier League
10 May 2009 Old Traffordmarker 2–0 Premier League
20 September 2009 Old Traffordmarker 4–3 Premier League


United wins Draws City wins
31 25 15




References

  1. Gary James, Manchester: The Greatest City (Polar Publishing, 2002), 12.
  2. Gary James & Keith Mellor, From Maine Men To Banana Citizens (Temple Press, 1989), p8.
  3. Steve Cawley & Gary James, The Pride of Manchester - A History of the Manchester Derby (ACL & Polar Publsihing, 1991), p320.
  4. Ibid., 283.
  5. Manchester: The Greatest City, p.300
  6. Julian Baskcomb & Julia Byrne (eds.) Manchester City Official Handbook 1997-98 (Polar, 1997), pp.99–101



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