The Full Wiki

More info on Manicouagan Reservoir

Manicouagan Reservoir: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Manicouagan Reservoir (also Lake Manicouagan) is an annular lake in central Quebecmarker, Canadamarker. The lake covers an area of 1,942 km², and its eastern shore is accessible via Route 389. The island in the centre of the lake is known as René-Levasseur Islandmarker, and its highest point is Mount Babelmarker. The lake and island are clearly seen from space and are sometimes called the "eye of Quebec." In 2007, the Manicouagan lake was astronaut Marc Garneau's nomination for the CBC's Seven Wonders of Canada competition.

Manicouagan impact crater

Manicouagan Reservoir lies within the remnant of an ancient eroded impact crater (astrobleme). The crater was formed following the impact of a diameter asteroid which excavated a crater originally about wide although erosion and deposition of sediments have since reduced the visible diameter to about . It is the fifth largest confirmed impact crater known on earth. Mount Babelmarker is interpreted as the central peak of the crater, formed by post-impact uplift.

Recent research has shown that impact melt within the crater has an age of 214 ± 1  million years. As this is 12 ± 2  million years before the end of the Triassic, the impact that produced the crater cannot have been the cause of the Triassic-Jurassic extinction event.

Hydroelectric project

The lake was enlarged by flooding from the massive Manicouagan or Manic series of hydroelectric projects undertaken by Hydro-Québec, the provincial electrical utility, during the 1960s, including the stations Manic-2marker, Manic-3, and Manic-5marker. The complex of dams is also called the Manic-Outardes project because the rivers involved are the Manicouagan and the Outardes.

The Manicouagan lake acts as a giant hydraulic battery for Hydro-Québec. In the peak period of the winter cold, the lake surface is usually lower since the turbines are run all the time at peak load to meet the massive electrical heating needs of the province. The surface of the lake also experiences low levels in the extreme periods of heat in New Englandmarker during the summer, since in that period Hydro-Québec sells electrical energy to the joint New England grid and individual utilities in the United Statesmarker.

See also


  1. Earth Impact Database

External links

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address