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Marquette University ( ) is a private, coeducational, Jesuit, Roman Catholic university located in Milwaukee, Wisconsinmarker. Founded by the Society of Jesus in 1881, the school is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities. The university is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and currently has a student body of 11,500. Marquette is one of the largest Jesuit universities in the United States, and the largest private university in Wisconsinmarker.

History

Father Jacques Marquette exploring
Marquette University was founded in 1881 as Marquette College by John Martin Henni, the first Catholic bishop of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee. The university was named after 17th century missionary and explorer Father Jacques Marquette, S.J.. The highest priority of the newly established college was to provide an affordable Catholic education to the area's emerging German immigrant population. Marquette College officially became a university in 1907. Marquette University High Schoolmarker, formerly the preparatory department of the university, became a separate institution the same year. In 1912, Marquette University became the first Jesuit university to admit female students.

Marquette University acquired the Wisconsin College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1913, and opened schools of medicine (including nursing), dentistry, and pharmacy. Marquette's School of Medicine separated from Marquette in 1967 to become the Medical College of Wisconsin.

The two largest donations to Marquette University came within the same academic year. The second-largest gift was given by an anonymous couple who have, over time, donated over $50 million to the university. On December 18, 2006, President Rev. Robert A. Wild, S.J. announced that the couple donated $25 million to the College of Engineering. Less than five months later, on May 4, 2007, Marquette announced a $51 million gift from Raymond and Kathryn Eckstein that will directly benefit the Marquette University School of Law. The gift is currently the largest amount ever given to a Wisconsin university.

Campus

Marquette is located on a campus in the near downtown Milwaukee neighborhood of University Hill, on the former Wisconsin State Fairgrounds. Lake Michiganmarker is roughly one mile east of the edge of campus. The campus encompasses 9th Street on the east, to 20th Street on the west, and from Wells Street on the north, to Clybourn Street on the south. Wisconsin Avenue, a major thoroughfare in Milwaukee, bisects the campus, placing academic buildings on the south side, and residence halls and other offices and buildings on the north side. Named after the university, the Marquette Interchangemarker is also close to campus.

Major buildings

Gesu Church
  • Alumni Memorial Union (AMU, for short), the student union, is at the center of campus. The five-story brick building, completed in 1990, contains a ballroom for 800 guests, offices for student organizations, a coffee shop called "Brew Bayou", the university's information center, a post office, a branch US Bank, a game room, a cafeteria, and the campus gift shop. An adjacent auditorium is connected to the AMU by a covered promenade. Also part of the AMU is the Chapel of the Holy Family, which holds a student Mass each Sunday night.


  • Gesu Churchmarker, completed in 1894, is considered the spiritual center of the campus, but is not affiliated with the university. The Jesuit parish was designed by architect Henry Koch in the French Gothic style. The church is a scaled-down version of Chartres Cathedralmarker in Francemarker. Student-organized Masses are held each Sunday in Gesu Church, along with the annual Mass of the Holy Spirit, a traditional celebration at many Jesuit education institutions to begin the school year.




  • Eckstein Hall (currently under construction) will be the new home of Marquette's law school, which is expected be completed in fall 2010. In addition to classrooms and faculty offices, plans detail the law school to have a four-story "library without borders", two mock court rooms, a cafeteria, a workout facility, a conference center, and a small parking structure.


Johnston Hall
  • Robert A. Johnston Hall houses the J. William & Mary Diederich College of Communications. Built at the turn of the 20th century, the fledgling Marquette College almost went bankrupt to build this until Robert A. Johnston, a local confectioner, donated just over $100,000 to save the project. For a short while, Johnston Hall housed the entire College, including the Jesuit faculty. The now ivy-covered building once featured an observatory for astronomy students. Student Media is located in Johnston Hall.


Marquette Hall
  • Marquette Hall, built in 1924, is the four-story building that originally served as Marquette's Science Building with offices, classrooms and labs. In 1976, it was renamed Marquette Hall in honor of the University's namesake. One of the most widely-recognized buildings on campus, Marquette Hall is home to several offices, including Undergraduate Admissions on the first floor. The four-story building contains three lecture halls with 300 seats each. In the tower of Marquette Hall is the university carillon, a set of 48 bells that are played every Wednesday and for special events.


  • Marquette School of Dentistry building houses Wisconsin's only dental school. Completed in 2002, the building holds pre-clinical labs, classrooms, and a community dental clinic.


  • The Al McGuire Centermarker, named for the legendary Marquette basketball coach, was opened in 2004 and is home to the women's volleyball and basketball teams and serves as the practice facility and administrative offices for the men's basketball team.


  • The John P. Raynor, S.J. Library, completed in 2003, is named for one of Marquette's former presidents. The library contains many of J. R. R. Tolkien's original manuscripts, and serves as one of the main study areas on campus.


  • Sensenbrenner Hall houses the Marquette University Law School. One of the oldest buildings on campus, known for stained-glass windows and traditional design, especially in the Howard B. Eisenberg Memorial Hall. Marquette's Law Library is located next to Sensenbrenner Hall. The building has contrasting, modern architecture. By 2010, the School of Law will be moved into a new facility south of Sensenbrenner Hall.


  • St. Joan of Arc Chapel is the only medieval chapel in Western Hemispheremarker. Originally built in France in the 15th century, the Chapel was donated to the university by Mr. and Mrs. Marc Rojtman in 1964 the building was relocated to the U.S., first to New York, then to Milwaukee, where it was reconstructed piece by piece in 1966. Today, the St. Joan of Arc Chapel hosts daily weekday Masses at noon and 10 p.m.


  • The Union Sports Annex is a hangout for students, especially during men's basketball season. "The Annex" is almost entirely underground and includes a restaurant, bar, sports court, and bowling lanes. In 2003, ESPN columnist Jim Caple called the Union Sports Annex the "best place to watch a game."


  • Valley Fields, used for men's and women's soccer, men's and women's track and field, and club athletics, is located across the Menomonee River in the Menomonee Valleymarker, just south of the main campus. It is currently undergoing a renovation to add covered bleachers and other facility improvements.


  • Zilber Hall (currently under construction) is the Student Services building. It stands on the former site of the 1212 Building and Parent's Park and will span the entire 1200 block of West Wisconsin Avenue. Once completed in late fall 2009, Zilber Hall will house the Office of Student Financial Aid, the Office of the Bursar, the Office of the Registrar, and the Office of Admissions.



Image:Marquette hall.jpg|Marquette Hall in autumnImage:Joan of Arc Chapel.jpg|St. Joan of Arc ChapelImage:McCormick Hall.jpg|McCormick HallImage:Marquette Spirescape.jpg|Marquette University Spirescape

Academics

John P.
Raynor, S.J.
Library
The University includes 11 schools and colleges:Helen Way Klingler College of Arts and Sciences, College of Business Administration,J. William and Mary Diederich College of Communication,College of Education,College of EngineeringCollege of Health Sciences,College of Nursing,College of Professional Studies,Graduate School, Marquette University School of Dentistry, and Marquette University Law School. Marquette's largest college is the Helen Way Klingler College of Arts and Sciences.

Rankings

In 2009, Marquette ranked 77th overall among undergraduate programs for national universities by U.S. News & World Report.Washington Monthly, another nationally-recognized college ranking source, listed Marquette as 19th among the country's 245 best universities. Washington Monthly "ranks colleges and universities on their contributions to society as engines of social mobility, fostering of scientific and humanistic research and promoting among students an ethic of service to country." The Center for College Affordability & Productivity in Washington, D.C.marker ranked Marquette 69th overall, based on professor reviews, graduation rates, student grants, and the success of graduates in their vocations. Entrepreneur Magazine also included Marquette in rankings of the top 100 entrepreneurial universities and colleges in 2003, 2004 and 2005.In the 2010 edition, Princeton Review named Marquette as one of the "Best 371 Colleges in the U.S.," a "College With a Conscience" for continued dedication to service and ethics-based curriculum, and one of the best Midwestern schools. Marquette was named to the 2008 list of institutions on the President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll with distinction. In 2009, Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine ranked Marquette 44th in the country for best value among private institutions. Marquette was also selected as one of 44 schools listed in the 2010 Fiske Guide to Colleges as a "Best Buy School." In 2009, Marquette was ranked 489th out of six hundred American colleges and universities in Forbes 's annual list.

College and program rankings

College of Health Sciences

Marquette's College of Health Sciences programs have received these rankings in U.S. News & World Report: The physical therapy program was ranked 19th in the nation in 2008. The physician assistant program was ranked 40th in the nation in 2007. The speech-language pathology program was ranked 72nd in the nation in 2008.

College of Business Administration

BusinessWeek listed Marquette's College of Business Administration as 53rd among undergraduate business programs in 2008, and 36th overall in the category of "Academic Quality Rank".

Based on data from the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy, Marquette University students scored in the top ten nationally (for first-time candidates without advanced degrees) for the following sections of the CPA Exam: #2 in Auditing, #3 in Financial Accounting & Reporting and #8 for Business Environment.

The Graduate School of Management's part-time master's degree in business administration program was ranked 16th by U.S. News & World Report for 2008.

Princeton Review named Marquette's part-time MBA program one of the top 290 MBA programs for 2008.

College of Nursing

In 2004, U.S. News listed the College of Nursing as the 53rd best in the country. Its nursing-midwifery program was 18th nationally. The College has one of only five doctorate programs in the U. S. with a "teacher/scholar" focus.

College of Engineering

The school's biomedical engineering program was ranked 37th in 2008.

Student life

Marquette's 11,500 students come from all 50 states, various U.S. territories, and represent more than 80 countries. Among these students are traditional-age undergraduates, adult undergraduate learners in the College of Professional Studies, and graduate students pursuing master's degrees and doctorates in the arts, sciences and engineering. Marquette University also has a moderate number of law students and dental students.

The majority of Marquette's students hail from the Midwestern United States, generally from the metropolitan areas surrounding Chicagomarker, Milwaukee, Madisonmarker, Minneapolismarker, Detroitmarker, and St. Louismarker. The student body is roughly 85% Caucasian and 55% female. Many students are Catholic. The retention rate for Marquette is high, with about 90% of students returning for their sophomore year.

Marquette administers an Educational Opportunity Program (EOP), a federally funded TRIO program that is intended to motivate and enable low-income and first generation students, whose parents do not have a baccalaureate degree, to enter and succeed in higher education. Eligible students, who potential for success and enroll at Marquette, are provided with a pre-enrollment summer program, a network of supportive services, financial aid assistance, academic counseling, specialized courses, seminars, tutoring and educational and career counseling.

Residence halls

Throughout the years, Marquette has absorbed many existing buildings in the area, especially for use as residence halls. Of the eight current student residence halls, only three (O'Donnell Hall, Schroeder Hall and McCormick Hall) were originally built by the university. Some examples of absorbed buildings include Charles Cobeen Hall, a former hotel, and M. Carpenter Tower, an Art Deco building, both constructed in the 1920s on 11th Street that have been converted into undergraduate residence halls. Glenn Humphrey Hall, a student apartment complex that was once the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, and David Straz Tower, which was formerly the Downtown Milwaukee YMCA, and is now a residence hall, recreation center and administrative office building. Mashuda Hall, a sophomore dorm, was once the Coach House Motor Inn where The Beatles stayed during their tour in 1964. Abbottsford Hall served as The Abbottsford Hotel until the university purchased it for use as graduate apartments. It was converted into a freshman residence hall for the 2005-2006 academic year. The university also purchased the Marquette Apartments complex in 2008, and it was remodeled as a sophomore residence hall, renamed McCabe Hall, for the 2009-2010 academic year.

Athletics

Marquette athletics monogram logo
The Golden Eagle is Marquette's mascot and the school colors are navy blue and gold, with powder blue incorporated in the 1970s and late 2000s. Marquette is a Division I member of the NCAA and competes in the Big East Conference. The university has 11 varsity teams: basketball, cross-country, men's golf, soccer, track & field, tennis and women's volleyball. Football was discontinued by the university after the 1960 season for financial reasons. Since joining the Big East in 2005, the only conference championship won by the Golden Eagles was in 2008 by the men's golf team. Marquette's athletic rivals include Cincinnatimarker, DePaulmarker, Pittsburghmarker, Louisvillemarker, Milwaukeemarker, Notre Damemarker, and Wisconsinmarker.

In 1962, Marquette was the first college in the U. S. to sign a Hispanic to play basketball on the college level. In 2009, because of Marquette, Milwaukee was named by CNN as one of America's great college basketball towns.

Mascot and nickname

Marquette's intercollegiate athletic teams were the "Warriors" from May 1954 to July 1994 when the nickname was changed to the "Golden Eagles". Prior to 1962 Marquette football was known as "Golden Avalanche" and other teams were known as "Warriors," "Blue and Gold," and "Hilltoppers". The Marquette Warriors (the nickname that preceded Golden Eagles) won the NCAA basketball championship in 1977. In 2004, Marquette began to consider changing the name back to Warriors, and conducted a poll that showed 92 percent of alumni and 62 percent of students "identified" with that nickname. However, the Board of Trustees ignored the results of the poll on the grounds that previous logos had been disrespectful to Native Americans, and changed the nickname to simply "Gold". An intensely negative reaction by students, faculty, alumni, and fans led to yet another series of votes, which eventually pitted "Golden Eagles" against "Hilltoppers". Respondents were told in advance that write-in votes for "Warriors" would not be tabulated, (although those results were later released) and "Golden Eagles" was restored in June 2005.

Clubs and organizations

The university has more than 230 student organizations in various fields of interest:

  • Alpha Sigma Nu, an international Jesuit honor society, founded at Marquette in 1915.


  • The international engineering sorority Alpha Omega Epsilon founded at Marquette on November 13, 1983.
  • Marquette University Student Government (MUSG) serves as the official voice of the student body to university administration, promotes and sponsors campus events, and supports other student organizations. MUSG was formerly known as the Associated Students of Marquette University (ASMU).


  • The Marquette University Players Society (MUPS for short), a s platform for student-produced theater.
  • The student newspaper, The Marquette Tribune, founded in 1916, is the official campus newspaper. It is published in print on Tuesdays and Thursdays during the school year. The paper has won dozens of regional and national awards for excellence from the Society of Professional Journalists. While most of the 40-person staff are journalism majors, students from all fields of study write for the paper.


  • Arts organizations at Marquette include several choirs, such as the Marquette University Chorus, Gospel Choir, and the Liturgical Choir; the University Orchestra; the Symphonic Band; and the Pep Band, which plays at all men's and women's home basketball games.


  • In the Spring of 2005, a group of students formed The Warrior, an independent conservative newspaper, named for Marquette's former nickname.


  • Marquette Radio and MUTV, the student radio and television stations, were launched in the late-1960s to mid-1970s. MUTV airs student-produced programs, including newscasts, sports shows, and entertainment shows. Marquette Radio also airs student-produced shows with focuses on music, sports, news, and talk.


  • A quarterly student produced magazine, the Marquette Journal, focuses on student life, though formerly the Journal was the school's student literary magazine. In 2004, the magazine was a runner up for the Society of Professional Journalists "Mark of Excellence" award for Best Student Magazine Published More than Once a Year.


  • Marquette's on-campus security is composed of (The Department of Public Safety) and (Student Safety Program) employees. Students on campus use services provided by the two organizations, including the LIMO program, an entirely student staffed transportation service, which is the first of its kind in the country.


  • Hilltop was Marquette's university-wide yearbook from 1915 to 1999. The publication, in its 84 years of existence, totaled over 30,000 pages in 82 volumes. Students' color-plate sketches were often highly detailed, humorous or dramatic, and appropriate examples of contemporary artwork. In April 2006, Marquette's librarians completed a digitally-archived collection of Hilltop.


School songs

The school songs, "The Marquette University Anthem" and the "Marquette University Fight Song," are generally sung by students and alumni during basketball games, accompanied by the pep band. However, the former is often played using the carillon bells of the Marquette Hall bell tower. "The Marquette University Anthem," as it was originally known, is now referred to almost exclusively as "Hail Alma Mater." The tune was written by Liborius Semmann. The Fight Song is more commonly referred to as "Ring Out Ahoya," although the actual meaning of the word "Ahoya" is open to a great deal of debate. One leading theory is that the call of "Ahoya" was often made by sailors on the Potomac river while passing Georgetown Universitymarker in Washington, D.C.marker, hence Georgetown getting its nickname of "Hoyas". The cheer/chant/call then made its way to Marquette through faculty moving between the two Jesuit schools.

Greek life

There are 11 social sororities and 12 social fraternities on campus. About 9% of students are members of a sorority or fraternity.

National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC)

Fraternities: Sororities:

Interfraternity Council (IFC)

Panhellenic Association (NPC)

The Marquette University anthem - Hail Alma Mater

Hail Alma Mater,

Thee we do call.

We're here to greet thee,

Dearest friend to all.

We're here to show thee

Our love is strong.

Hail Alma Mater!

Marquette, hear our song!

Marquette University fight song - Ring Out Ahoya

Ring out ahoya with an M-U rah-rah!

M-U rah-rah!

M-U rah-rah! Rah rah rah!

Ring out ahoya with an M-U rah-rah,

M-U rah rah for Old Marquette!

(Chanting)

Goooo! Goooo! Go Marquette! Go! Go! Go! Go!

Goooo! Goooo! Go Marquette! Go! Go! Go! Go!

Notables

Notable alumni

For a comprehensive list of alumni, see the list of notable Marquette University alumni.


Notable faculty

Les Aspin, first Secretary of Defense in the Clinton Administration


References

  1. http://mu.edu/opa/newsroom/news/MarquetteNewsroomEngineeringGift.shtml
  2. http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=601030
  3. Eckstein Hall Project Overview. Marquette University. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien Collection: Special Collections and Archives. Marquette University Libraries. Marquette University. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.
  5. Raynor Memorial Libraries. Marquette University. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.
  6. http://www.marquette.edu/chapel/history/p3.shtml
  7. http://www.marquette.edu/cgi-bin/slideshow/slideviewer.cgi?list=campus&dir=&config=&refresh=&direction=forward&scale=0&cycle=off&slide=11&design=default&total=25
  8. http://www.marquette.edu/architect/SSbldg_rendering.shtml
  9. Helen Way Klingler College of Arts and Sciences
  10. College of Business Administration
  11. J. William and Mary Diederich College of Communication
  12. College of Education
  13. College of Engineering
  14. College of Health Sciences
  15. College of Nursing
  16. College of Professional Studies
  17. Graduate School
  18. http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/college/items/3863
  19. http://mu.edu/about/recognition.shtml
  20. http://www.marquette.edu/about/facts/qfrank.shtml
  21. http://www.kiplinger.com/tools/privatecolleges/privatecollege.php?schoollist=prv_univ#44
  22. http://www.marquette.edu/newsbriefs/2009/Students/June-2009-Students/June-29-09-NB-STUDENTS.html#a3
  23. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/94/colleges-09_Americas-Best-Colleges_Rank_20.html
  24. http://mu.edu/about/rankings.shtml
  25. http://bwnt.businessweek.com/interactive_reports/undergrad_bschool/
  26. http://www.busadm.mu.edu/news/undergraduate.php?subaction=showfull&id=1200337959&archive=&start_from=&ucat=2&
  27. http://www.princetonreview.com/college/research/profiles/rankings.asp?listing=1022668&LTID=1&intbucketid=
  28. http://princetonreview.com/college/research/profiles/studentbody.asp?listing=1022668&ltid=1&intbucketid=
  29. http://www.mu.edu/eop
  30. http://www.marquette.edu/125/thisweek/sep4-2006.shtml
  31. http://www.marquette.edu/orl/res/reshalls/abbottsford/
  32. http://www.marquette.edu/omc/newscenter/recent.php?subaction=showfull&id=1237495235&archive=
  33. http://www.cnn.com/2009/TRAVEL/03/31/great.basketball.towns/index.html
  34. http://musg.mu.edu/whoWeAre.php
  35. Marquette University Players website
  36. The Marquette Tribune,
  37. The Warrior
  38. http://www.marquette.edu/dps/index.shtmlDPS
  39. SSP
  40. http://www.marquette.edu/dps/ssp/LIMO.shtml#LIMOFacts
  41. http://www.marquette.edu/library/information/news/2006/Hilltop.html
  42. http://www.marquette.edu/alumni/about/musong1.shtml
  43. "Best Law Professor 2009" Wisconsin Law Journal.
  44. http://abcnews.go.com/nightline/news/story?id=128635


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