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Martin Charles Ansorge (January 1, 1882 – February 4, 1967) was a United States Representative from New Yorkmarker.

Biography

Ansorge was born in Corningmarker, Steuben Countymarker, New Yorkmarker on January 1, 1882 to Mark Perry Ansorge and Jennie Bach. He attended the public schools and the College of the City of New York. He graduated from Columbia College of Columbia University in 1903 and from the Columbia Law School in 1906. Ansorge was admitted to the bar in 1906 and commenced practice in New York Citymarker. He was chairman of the Triborough Bridgemarker Committee 1918-1921; was the unsuccessful Republican candidate for election to Congress in 1912, 1914, and 1916; declined the Republican nomination for Congress in 1918; enlisted in the Motor Transport Corps during the First World War.

Ansorge was elected as a Republican to the 67th United States Congress (March 4, 1921-March 3, 1923); unsuccessfully contested the election in 1922 of Royal H. Weller to the 68th United States Congress; unsuccessful candidate for judge of the court of general sessions of New York City in 1924; unsuccessful candidate for justice of the supreme court of New York in 1927 and in 1928.

He resumed the practice of law in New York City, was director of United Air Lines 1934-1961, and was engaged in general practice of law.

As founder of the Young Republicans at Columbia University, Ansorge became a close friend and political ally of then University President Nicholas Murray Butler. The two remained very close for years, and Ansorge was staff to Butler at the Republican Convention. Ansorge spoke on behalf of Butler at a number of political rallies in New York.

In his bid for the 21st Congressional Seat in 1916, his campaign slogan was "Feed America First", taking a stand on international trade negotiations and import tariffs post WWI.

As a Congressman, Ansorge was influential in the passing of the first-ever anti-lynching legislation. His writing of legislation on the matter was eventually included into the ultimately successful Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill, which prohibited lynching in America.

Ansorge was co-author of the original Port Authority Bill, which he shepherded successfully through Congress. He was an active leader in efforts to develop "the greatest port in the world" connecting New York and New Jersey. He presented the bill to President Calvin Coolidge to sign into law. The pen stayed in the Ansorge family for some years until it was given to the City Museum of City.

In great controversy, Ansorge nominated the first African-American to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis in 1922.

A magazine once referred to Ansorge as "The father of the Triborough Bridgemarker."

Ansorge was defeated for reelection by just 345 votes. He fought in court for a recount. Judge Learned Hand granted his original request for an injunction and recount, but was overruled by a higher court.

The New York Times made mention of Ansorge as a candidate for Mayor of New York City in 1949.

After retiring from politics, Ansorge represented car manufacturing magnate Henry Ford in a lawsuit, which resulted in a large settlement.

Ansorge died in New York City, February 4, 1967 and was interred in Temple Israel Cemetery, Hastings-on-Hudson, New Yorkmarker.

Most of this information is found in his memoirs, published by the Columbia University Oral History Project.

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