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Martinair Flight 495 was a Dutchmarker DC-10 that crash-landed on runway 28 of Faro Airportmarker, Portugalmarker, in severe weather conditions, in 1992. The airplane carried 327 passengers and 13 crew members on board, mainly vacationers from The Netherlandsmarker. 54 passengers, and 2 crew members died, and 106 persons were badly injured.

Approach and landing

Following one unsuccessful attempt to land the crew was executing a VOR/DME procedure approach to runway 11 when the aircraft flew through at least two microbursts caused by a large thunderstorm, which was accompanied by heavy rain, windshear, and low clouds.

The tower informed the crew that there was thunderstorm activity near the airport, and there was water on the runway. The plane landed with a vertical speed that exceeded the manufacturer's design.

Following a hard landing, the starboard main gear collapsed. The right wing fuel tank ignited. The DC-10 cracked in two and came to a rest with the front section laying on its side.


The cause of the accident were the bad weather conditions, in combination with crew errors.


The accident caused a shock in the Netherlands, mainly because the accident happened less than three months after El Al Flight 1862marker, a Boeing 747 crash in a suburb in The Netherlands, the Bijlmerrampmarker.


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