Martino di Bartolomeo
Crucifixion on panel, ca. 1390
(Lindenau Museum, Altenburg, Germany).
or Martino di
Bartolomeo di Biago
was an Italian painter and manuscript illuminator
1389 and 1434. He was one of his generation's principal painters of
the Sienese School
. From specific
aspects of his early style, he is believed to have trained in the
studio of Taddeo di Bartolo
As a young
man Martino collaborated with Giovanni di Pietro da Napoli
(active 1402-1405) in Pisa.
fresco cycle in the church of San Giovanni Battista di Cascina,
outside Pisa, bears Martino’s signature, and the date 1398.
returned permanently to Siena in 1405; there he painted several
prominent fresco cycles in the Duomo and the
Further official commissions for altarpieces and for polychromy of
sculptures attest to his versatility and to his prestige as one of
the city’s official artists.
early activity as an illuminator of manuscripts is based on Luciano
Bellosi's recognition of his hand in the set of choirbooks
commissioned for the cathedral of Lucca by its
bishop, Niccolò Guinigi, in 1394.
contracted with the Collegiata of San Gimignano for the polychromy of the carved wooden
Annunciation in 1420, the sculptor, Jacopo della Quercia, stood
Jacopo's father, Pietro di Angiolo, worked in
- Mentioned in the registers of the painters' guild of
- Bellosi, (exhibition catalogue, National
Gallery of Art, Washington DC) 1975:47-49; Jörn Günther: Survey of recent additional attributions of
- James H. Beck, Jacopo Della Quercia (Columbia
University Press) 1992, document 100; the sculpture was exhibited
at the Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena 1987 (exhibition review by Carl
Brandon Strehlke, The Burlington Magazine
129, No. 1015 (October 1987:693).
- Adolfo Venturi, Storia dell'arte italiana vol. vi
- Bénézit, Emmanuel, ed., Dictionnaire critique et
documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et
Graveurs, Originally published 1911-1923, Paris, Librairie
- El Paso Museum of Art, The Samuel H. Kress
Collection, El Paso, El Paso Museum of Art, 1961.
- Encyclopedia of World Art, New York, McGraw-Hill,
- Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena: Altarpiece with
Saints James, Catherine, Magdalen and Ansano