Mary Jane Safford-Blake
(December 31, 1834 – December 8, 1891) was a school teacher, a
prominent nurse the army to Tennessee and worked
closely with Mary Ann Bickerdyke
treating the sick and injured near Fort Donelson.
In 1862, she accompanied the army of Ulysses S. Grant
during the Battle of
Shiloh, where she comforted and ministered to the
Later, she served aboard a pair of military
hospital ships on the Mississippi, the City of Memphis
the Hazel Dell
war ended in 1865, Safford studied medicine, graduating from the
Medical College for Women in New York City four years later. She also studied at
the University of Breslaw in Germany, where she
performed the first ovariotomy ever done
by a woman.
Safford opened a private practice in Chicago.
developed a plan for mass housing centered around a common service
area for cooperative housekeeping to reduce drudgery for women.
became Professor of Women's Diseases at the Boston
University School of
Medicine and a staff doctor at the Massachusetts Homeopathic
After her marriage, she adopted the name Mary Jane
Among her publications was Health and Strength Papers for
spent her later years in Tarpon Springs, Florida with her brother Anson and his family.
She died on
December 8, 1891.
- Fischer, Leroy H., "Cairo's Civil War Angel, Mary Jane
Stafford." Journal of the Illinois State Historical
Society, No. 54, 1961.