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Maryland's 4th congressional district: Map

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Maryland's 4th congressional district comprises portions of Prince George'smarker and Montgomery Countymarker. The seat is currently represented by Donna Edwards, a Democrat, who has represented the district since 2008.

The district is located in the suburbs of Washington, D.C.marker, and has the largest black middle class of any congressional district in the United Statesmarker. It is one example of several "gerrymandered" districts in Maryland. Though challenged in court, the Maryland courts have dismissed these claims several times.

Recent elections



Historical boundaries and population

Maryland's fourth congressional district was one of the about 50 original congressional districts that elected representatives to the First Congress of the United States of America. When it was organized in 1788 it covered Baltimoremarker, Baltimore County and Harford Countymarker. It had a population of 53,913 nearly 20% of whom were slaves at the time of the first U.S. census in 1790..

In 1792 The fourth district was moved to Western Maryland, with its eastern boundary being a north to south line running about the mid-point of Frederick County, Marylandmarker. The new district had an 1790 population of 36,026, with less than 10% of the population being slaves. The boundaries remained unchanged in 1802, and the 1800 census population was 38.015.

List of representatives

1789 - 1835: One seat

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
1 William Smith March 4, 1789 March 3, 1791 Anti-Administration
2 Samuel Sterett March 4, 1791 March 3, 1793 Anti-Administration
3 Thomas Sprigg March 4, 1793 March 3, 1795 Anti-Administration
March 4, 1795 March 3, 1797 Democratic-Republican
4 George Baer, Jr. March 4, 1797 March 3, 1801 Federalist
5 Daniel Hiester March 4, 1801 March 7, 1804 Democratic-Republican Died
6 Roger Nelson November 6, 1804 May 14, 1810 Democratic-Republican Resigned to become associate justice of Maryland's 5th judicial circuit
7 Samuel Ringgold October 15, 1810 March 3, 1815 Democratic-Republican
8 George Baer, Jr. March 4, 1815 March 3, 1817 Federalist
9 Samuel Ringgold March 4, 1817 March 3, 1821 Democratic-Republican
10 John Nelson March 4, 1821 March 3, 1823 Democratic-Republican
11 John Lee March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 Jackson Federalist
12 Thomas C. Worthington March 4, 1825 March 3, 1827 Adams
13 Michael C. Sprigg March 4, 1827 March 3, 1831 Jackson
14 Francis Thomas March 4, 1831 March 3, 1833 Jackson Redistricted to the
15 James P. Heath March 4, 1833 March 3, 1835 Jackson


1835 - 1843: Two seats

From 1835 to 1843, two seats were apportioned, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Seat A

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
16 Benjamin C. Howard March 4, 1835 March 3, 1839 Jackson
17 James Carroll March 4, 1839 March 3, 1841 Democrat
18 Alexander Randall March 4, 1841 March 3, 1843 Whig

Seat B

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
19 Isaac McKim March 4, 1835 April 1, 1838 Jackson Redistricted from the , died
20 John P. Kennedy April 25, 1838 March 3, 1839 Whig
21 Solomon Hillen March 4, 1839 March 3, 1841 Democrat
22 John P. Kennedy March 4, 1841 March 3, 1843 Whig


1843 - present: One seat

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
23 John P. Kennedy March 4, 1843 March 3, 1845 Whig
24 William Fell Giles March 4, 1845 March 3, 1847 Democrat
25 Robert Milligan McLane March 4, 1847 March 3, 1851 Democrat
26 Thomas Yates Walsh March 4, 1851 March 3, 1853 Whig
27 William Thomas Hamilton March 4, 1853 March 3, 1855 Democrat Redistricted from the ,
28 Henry Winter Davis March 4, 1855 March 3, 1861 American
29 Henry May March 4, 1861 March 3, 1863 Unionist
30 Francis Thomas March 4, 1863 March 3, 1867 Unconditional Unionist Redistricted from the
March 4, 1867 March 3, 1869 Republican
31 Patrick Hamill March 4, 1869 March 3, 1871 Democrat
32 John Ritchie March 4, 1871 March 3, 1873 Democrat
33 Thomas Swann March 4, 1873 March 3, 1879 Democrat Redistricted from the
34 Robert Milligan McLane March 4, 1879 March 3, 1883 Democrat
35 John Van Lear Findlay March 4, 1883 March 3, 1887 Democrat
36 Isidor Rayner March 4, 1887 March 3, 1889 Democrat
37 Henry Stockbridge, Jr. March 4, 1889 March 3, 1891 Republican
38 Isidor Rayner March 4, 1891 March 3, 1895 Democrat
39 John Kissig Cowen March 4, 1895 March 3, 1897 Democrat
40 William Watson McIntire March 4, 1897 March 3, 1899 Republican
41 James William Denny March 4, 1899 March 3, 1901 Democrat
42 Charles Reginald Schirm March 4, 1901 March 3, 1903 Republican
43 James William Denny March 4, 1903 March 3, 1905 Democrat
44 John Gill, Jr. March 4, 1905 March 3, 1911 Democrat
45 John Charles Linthicum March 4, 1911 October 5, 1932 Democrat Died
46 Ambrose Jerome Kennedy November 8, 1932 January 3, 1941 Democrat
47 John Ambrose Meyer January 3, 1941 January 3, 1943 Democrat
48 Daniel Ellison January 3, 1943 January 3, 1945 Republican
49 George Hyde Fallon January 3, 1945 January 3, 1971 Democrat
50 Paul Sarbanes January 3, 1971 January 3, 1973 Democrat Redistricted to the
51 Marjorie Holt January 3, 1973 January 3, 1987 Republican
52 Charles Thomas McMillen January 3, 1987 January 3, 1993 Democrat
53 Al Wynn January 3, 1993 May 31, 2008 Democrat Defeated in primary, resigned
54 Donna Edwards June 19, 2008 Present Democrat Incumbent


References


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