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Marzabotto is a small town and comune in Italianmarker region Emilia-Romagna, part of the province of Bologna. It is located 27 km (17 miles) SSW of Bolognamarker by rail, and lies in the valley of the Reno. A massacre of inhabitantsmarker took place there in World War II.


Marzabotto acropolis
map of the site
In and below the grounds of the Villa Aria, close to the city, are the remains of an Etruscanmarker town of the 5th century BC, protected on the west by the mountains, on the east and south by the river, which by a change of course has destroyed about half of it. The acropolis was just below the villa: here remains of temples were found.

The town lay below the modern high-road and was laid out on a rectangular plan divided by main streets into eight quarters, and these in turn into blocks or insulae. Cemeteries were found on the east and north of the site. The name of the place is unknown: it was partially inhabited later by the Gauls, but was not occupied by the Romans.


On September 29, 1944, during the World War II German occupation of Italy, the town was the site of a massacre. It was awarded the Gold Medal to Military Valour for this episode.


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Marzabotto temples

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