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Historical division of Masovia
Masovia or Mazovia ( ) is a geographic and historic region of east-central Polandmarker. Administrative borders of the contemporary Masovian Voivodeshipmarker do not follow historical boundaries of the region. For example, a Masovian city of Łomżamarker belongs to the Podlaskie Voivodeshipmarker instead, Skierniewicemarker belongs to Łódź Voivodeshipmarker, while Radommarker, historically part of Lesser Poland, is now part of the Masovian Voivodeship. The Masovia region is spread over the Polish Masovian Plain. Its historic capitals include Płockmarker.

Early history

Masovia became part of Poland by the reign of Mieszko I in the 10th century, the first historically known Piast duke of the Polans in the 10th century. After the death of Mieszko II in 1034, the local governor Miecław supported an anti-Christian rebellion, which was subsequently subdued by Casimir I, Duke of Poland, in 1047 with help from Ruthenian units.

Following the death of Bolesław III Wrymouth, Poland was divided into duchies, according to his testament (see fragmentation of Poland). After the death of the last Masovian Piast, Janusz III, in 1526, the province became a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland. In late XVI century, importance of Masovia within borders of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth significantly grew, due to the decision of King Sigismund III Vasa, who in 1596 moved capital of the country from Krakowmarker to Warsawmarker.

Modern history

Masovia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussiamarker in the 1795 Third Partition of Poland and most of it briefly administered within South Prussia and New East Prussia. Among others the territory became part of the Duchy of Warsawmarker in 1807 during the Napoleonic Wars, but was included within Congress Polandmarker, a protectorate in personal union with the Russian Empiremarker, in 1815.

In 1918 following World War I, Masovia was included within the newly formed Republic of Polandmarker. During World War II, Nazi-occupied Masovia was divided between the General Government and Regierungsbezirk Zichenau in East Prussiamarker. Between September 1939 and June 1941 (see: Operation Barbarossa), eastern Masovia, with Lomzamarker, was occupied by the Soviet Unionmarker, who had a friendship treaty with Nazi Germany. Whole province was subsequently restored to Poland after the war.

In 1999 the Masovian Voivodeshipmarker was created as one of 16 administrative regions of Poland. It is the biggest voivodeship of the country.

See also

  • Świdermajer - The characteristic architecture in the area


References

  1. Mazowsze: Obraz Etnograficzny, Volume 1, by Wojciech Gerson and Oskar Kolberg, BiblioBazaar, 2009 - 372 pages



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