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The Master-General of the Ordnance (MGO) was a very senior Britishmarker military position before 1855, when the Board of Ordnance was abolished. Usually held by a serving general, the Master-General of the Ordnance was responsible for all British artillery, engineer, fortifications, military supplies, transport, field hospitals and much else, and was not subordinate to the commander-in chief of the British military. In 1764 it established the British standard ordnance weights and measurements for the artillery, one of the earliest standards in the world. The position was frequently a cabinet-level one, especially in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when it was normally a political appointment. The title of Master-General of the Ordnance still exists, attaching to the fourth military member of the Army Board, who oversees procurement and research and development and usually holds the rank of lieutenant-general.

In 1913 the control of military aviation was separated from the responsibilities of the Master-General of the Ordnance. A new Department of Military Aeronautics was established and Brigadier-General Henderson was appointed the first director.

Masters-General of the Ordnance, 1544–1855

:William Berkeley, 1st Lord Berkeley
:Sir John Duncombe
:Thomas Chicheley
  • Sir Thomas Chicheley 1670–1679
  • in commission 1679–1682
:Sir John Chicheley
:Sir William Hickman, 2nd Bt.
:Sir Christopher Musgrave


Post-1855



Post First World War



Notes and References


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