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Mataró ( ) is the capital and largest city of the comarca of the Maresmemarker, in the province of Barcelonamarker, Cataloniamarker Autonomous Community, Spainmarker. It is located on the Costa Maresme, to the south of Costa Brava.

La Riera, one of the main streets of Mataró
Mataró dates back to Roman times when it was a village known as "Iluro" or "Illuro." The ruins of a first century BC Roman bath house (known locally as the Torre Llauder) were recently discovered and can be visited. The coastal follows the same path as the original Roman road.

Mataró was declared a city by royal decree, even though at the time (nineteenth century) the population fell short of the requirement for city status.

The first railway in Spain was the Mataró – Barcelonamarker line which opened on 1848-10-28, led by the Catalanmarker businessman and Mataró native Miquel Biada. This line now forms part of the RENFE R1 suburban service between L'Hospitalet de Llobregatmarker and Maçanet-Massanesmarker. Mataró is also connected with Barcelona and Gironamarker by the (freeway) and with Granollersmarker by the .

Agriculture

The traditional vineyards were devastated by Phylloxera in the nineteenth century and only partially replanted, due to the growth of the tourist industry and the development of irrigation in the area. Potatoes were one of the first replacement crops to be introduced, especially the Royal Kidney variety, and Mataró obtained a Denominació d'Origen in 1932. Trocadero lettuce and peas are also grown, mostly for export. The production of cut flowers is less important than in other towns of the Maresmemarker. Irrigated land made up 9.13 km² of the 10.57 km² of agricultural land in the municipality in 1986 (47% of the municipal territory).

Architecture

Mataró is the birth place of noucentista architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch (1867–1956), who designed the ajuntament (town hall) and several other notable buildings in the town:
  • Casa Coll i Regàs
  • Casa Parera
  • Casa Sisternes
  • El Rengle
  • La Beneficiència

Festivals, celebrations and events

The beach
Several major events are celebrated annually in Mataró. Some of them are also celebrated in the rest of Cataloniamarker and others, which have a religious origin, are part of the folklore and traditions of Spainmarker and some other countries. Among all of them the most popular ones are:
  • The three wise men in Mataró.
  • Carnival in Mataró: celebrated immediately before Lent.
  • Easter in Mataró: celebrated every year during one week on a movable date from the end of March to the very beginning of May
  • Saint George in Mataró: celebrated on the 23rd of April. It is a big celebration although it is not a bank holiday.
  • Saint Joan in Mataró: celebrated on the 24th of June
  • Les Santes: local festivity of the city celebrated at the end of July. It involves the recognition of Saint Juliana and Saint Semproniana.
  • The Tió: celebrated in Catalonia on Christmas’ Eve, the 24th December.
  • Mataró also celebrates several fairs such as:Tres Tombs and Saint Ponç In May it is celebrated a fair called Mercat de Sant Ponç. At the fair handicraft products, medicinal herbs, natural products like: honey,cheese, fruits, flowers, jam and salami are sold.Sant Ponç is the patron saint of the herbalists and bee keepers. The fair has been done for centuries. It’s origin is in the XVI when in spring herbalists took medicine to the sick. Today Sant Ponç fair is celebrated to preserve the antique customs.




Demography

References

  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).


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