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Mattinata is a famous seaside resort town and comune (municipality) in the Apuliamarker region, southern Italy.

Geography

The only town in Apuliamarker facing south towards the Adriatic seamarker, Mattinata is part of the Gargano National Park (Parco Nazionale del Gargano). The main urban area is located above two hills enclosed by mountains in the northern, western and southern side. The town faces eastward a plain (Piana di Mattinata) bordering the Adriatic sea. The northern coastal side is famous for its beauty, due to its white cliffs made of chalks, its large number of suggestive sea caves and, above all, to its two famous stacks (Faraglioni di Mattinata), located in the Zagare Bay area.The area surrounding Mattinata is also a popular destination for botanical experts, due to the existence of around 60 different species of orchids.

History

The first humans to settle in the area were tribes of Eastern European origin, mainly from Greece and the Balkans (Iapyges), which populated the surrounding lands since the 5th century BC.

The origins of the name Mattinata can be traced back to the Roman village of Matinum, which was located near the current sea port in the 1st century AD. Relatively few traces of the Roman settlement can still be found. The modern town is the result of the direct immigration of citizens from Monte Sant'Angelomarker over different centuries, which administered the town until 1954, year of its independence as a municipality.

Economy

The economy of Mattinata is strongly based on services and, to a lesser extent, on farming and livestock. Tourism plays an important role in the community. Farm products include olives, almonds and figs. Livestock consists mainly of cattle and goats.

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