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Maud of Wales (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria; 26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) was Queen of Norway as spouse of King Haakon VII. She was a member of the British Royal Family as the youngest daughter of King Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark and granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Queen Maud was the first queen consort of Norwaymarker since 1319 who was not also queen consort of Denmarkmarker or Swedenmarker.

Early life

She was born Princess Maud of Wales at Marlborough Housemarker, Londonmarker as the daughter of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, who was the eldest son of Queen Victoria and at that time heir apparent to the British throne. Her mother was the Princess of Wales, Princess Alexandra of Denmark.

Princess Maud was christened at Marlborough House by John Jackson, Bishop of London, on 24 December 1869. Her godparents were Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany; the Landgrave of Hesse; Count Gleichen; the Duchess of Nassau; the King of Sweden and Norway; the Princess of Leiningen; Grand Duchess Marie Feodorovna; the Crown Princess of Denmark; and the Duchess of Inverness.

She was a high-spirited child, a quality that earned her the nickname Harry. Princess Maud of Wales took part in almost all the annual visits to the Princess of Wales's family in Denmark and later accompanied her mother and her sisters on cruises to Norway and the Mediterranean. She, along with her sisters Princess Victoria and Princess Louise, received the Imperial Order of the Crown of India from Queen Victoria on 6 August 1887. Like her sisters, Princess Maud also held the First Class of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert and was a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.

Marriage

On 22 July 1896 at Buckingham Palacemarker, Princess Maud married her first cousin, Prince Carl of Denmark, in the private chapel at Buckingham Palacemarker. Prince Carl was the second son of Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, Queen Alexandra's elder brother, and Princess Louise of Sweden. The bride's father, the Prince of Wales, gave her Appleton House on the Sandringham Estate, as a country residence for her frequent visits to England. It was there that the couple's only child, Prince Alexander, was born on 2 July 1903.

Prince Carl was an officer in the Danish navy and he and his family lived mainly in Denmark until 1905. In June of that year, the Norwegian parliament, Stortingmarker, dissolved Norway's one hundred year-old union with Sweden and voted to offer the throne to Prince Carl. Following a plebiscite in November, Prince Carl accepted the Norwegian throne, taking the name of Haakon VII, while his young son took the name of Olav. King Haakon and Queen Maud were crowned at the Nidaros Cathedralmarker in Trondheimmarker on 22 June 1906, the last coronation of a Scandinavian monarch.

Royal life

Queen Maud never lost her love of Britain, but she quickly adapted to her new country and duties as a queen consort. She supported charitable causes, particularly those associated with children and animals, and gave encouragement to musicians and artists. She learned to ski and arranged for an English garden at Kongsseteren, the Royal lodge overlooking the nation's capital Oslomarker. Queen Maud's last public appearance in Britain was the coronation of her nephew, King George VI, in May 1937. She sat in the royal box at Westminster Abbeymarker next to her sister-in-law Queen Mary and her niece Mary, Princess Royal.

Maud also acquired a reputation for dressing with fashionable chic. An exhibition of numerous items from her elegant wardrobe was held at the Victoria and Albert Museummarker in 2005.

Later life

Maud died of heart failure in London on 20 November 1938, six days before her 69th birthday (and the thirteenth anniversary of her mother's death), three days after an operation. Her body was returned to Norway on board the HMS Royal Oakmarker, the flagship of Second Battle Squadron of the Royal Navy's Home Fleet. Queen Maud was buried in the royal mausoleum at the Castle of Akershusmarker. At her death, Queen Maud was the last surviving child of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Queen Maud's coat of arms until 1905)


Titles and styles

  • 26 November 1869 – 22 July 1896: Her Royal Highness Princess Maud of Wales
  • 22 July 1896 – 18 November 1905: Her Royal Highness Princess Carl of Denmark
  • 18 November 1905 – 20 November 1938: Her Majesty The Queen of Norway


Arms

Upon her marriage, Maud was granted the use of a personal coat of arms, being those of the kingdom, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxonymarker, differenced with a label argent of five points, the outer pair and centre bearing hearts gules, the inner pair crosses gules. The inescutcheon was dropped by royal warrant in 1917.

Ancestors




Legacy

Queen Maud Land and Queen Maud Mountainsmarker in Antarcticamarker, and Queen Maud Secondary School in Hong Kongmarker are named after her. Queen Maud Gulfmarker in Nunavutmarker, Canadamarker, is also named after her.

Maud's great-granddaughter, Princess Märtha Louise, named her eldest daughter after the queen.

References

External links




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