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Aka Qutubuddin, Shams Sufiyaan, Chiraag Chishtiyaan, was an early day Sufi Saint, a successor to his father and master Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan, twelfth link in the Sufi Silsilah of Chishti Order, and the Master of Shareef Zandani. The Chishti order of the Sufis derives its name from Chisht (pronounce: Chesht, hence Cheshti). Chisht is a small town near Herat in Afghanistan. The first one to call himself Chishti was Abu Ishaq Shami. As the name Shami implies he came from Syria or even from Damascus (ash-Sham). He met a Sufi who directed him to settle in Chisht and from that day on he is known as Abu Ishaq Shami Chishti. He died in 940 C.E. in Damascus and lies buried on mount Qasiyun, where later on also Ibn al-‘Arabi was buried. Looking at the date of his death we can say that the Chishtiyya order is one of the oldest, if not the oldest now still existing Sufi order. The next in the silsila of the Chishtiyya is Khwaja Mawdud Chishti. He had learnt the Qur’an by heart and could recite it very melodiously at the age of seven. Afterwards he learned the other things. When he was only 26 years old his father’s life came to an end. According to the will of his father he became his successor. He was born around 430 Hijri in the city of Chisht. He initially received education from his father. He memorized Qur'an by the age of 7, and completed his education when he was 16. His work includes two books Minhaaj ul Arifeen and Khulaasat ul Shariah. .He bade farewell to this world in the month of Rajab at the age of 97 in 533 A.H.(March 1139 C.E)He was burried at Chisht like many of the early Chishtiyya.

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Tasawuf:

Hazrat Khwaja Al Mawdud Chisti became the mureed of Hazrat Khwaja Nasir Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan Chisti. After he became a mureed his murshid (Master) addressed him by saying, "Oh Qutubuddin Mowdud, adopt the path of the Faqr." The word faqar is literally translated as poverty, but in the language of tasawwuf, to be rich with Allah. It is for one to have total trust in Allah and not to be dependent on any other than Allah. Faqar is the way of true dervishes.Khwaja Mawdud Al Chisti accepted his murshids (spiritual guidance) advice. Shortly after he went to seclusion and remained absorbed in worship of his Creator for twenty years. During this period he rarely ate and was reported to complete two recitation of the quran during day and two during the night. He also used to constantly make the zikr of La Ilaha Illallah. Due to all his consistent worship, everything happening in the universe became apparent to him, and nothing was kept hidden.

Khwaja Maudood's Kulifa:

Khwaja Mawdud Chishti visited Balkh (the place of birth of Jalaluddin Rumi) and Bukhara , a place mentioned in the famous line of Hafez"If that Turk of Shiraz would take my heart in his hand, i would give for his Hindu mole both Bukhara and Samarkand".Khwaja Haji Sharif Zindani,his successor, renounced all and everything.He led a life of strict seclusion for 40 yearsand hated society.He used to live on leaves of trees.Although several of the Chishtiyya stressed the value asceticism, in general they say that seclusion and ascetic practice is for short periods only.You should live in the midst of society than keep your spiritual ideals. It is said that the followers of Khwaja Qutubuddin were around 10, 000 not including close friends and allies. It is impossible to enumerate Khwaja Mawdud's Khulafa. For the sake of barakat, a few are mentioned hereunder.

  • Khwaja Abu Ahmed
  • Khwaja Ahmad Zandani
  • Shah Sanjan
  • Shaikh Abu Nasseer Shakeeban
  • Shaikh Hassan Tibti
  • Shaikh Ahmed Baderoon
  • Khwaja Sabz Paush
  • Shaikh Uthman Awwal
  • Khwaja Abul Hassan


Among them the link in this (CHISTI) Silsila is Khwaja Shareef Zindani who we will soon discussed. That is why his message spread so fast and so far and wide. His influence was not just limited to Hirat but spread in the west to Khurasan, Iraq, Syria and Hijaz and in the south to Iran ,Siestan and the subcontinent. In the west your message was spread by the likes of Sharif Zindani, Khwaja Usman Barooni. Khwaja Qutubuddin was 29 when his father died and he inherited the throne. He never visited the rich or went to the royal courts. He was a simple man who led a simple life. He was always courteous to the needs of others. He always was the first to greet people and respected everyone.

Books:

Chisti's works include two books: Minhaaj ul Areifeen and Khulaasat ul Shariah.

Sayings:

  1. . The lover of sama’ (Sufi music) is a stranger to the outside world, but is a friend to God.
  2. . The mysteries of sama’ are inexplicable. If you reveal them you are liable to punishment.


Descendants:

Khwaja Maudood Chishti's son Khwaja Najamuddin Ahmed Ahmed Mushtaq Bin Moudod Chishti buried at Chisht. Syed Abul Alla moudodi was also a descendant of yours who was born at Aurangabad Indiamarker in 1903 Hijri. Many of your descendants still live in the area. A very famous descendant of yours Khwaja Nizam-ud-din Alli's tomb is in the vicinity of Pishin city of Balochistanmarker in a place called Minziki is still home to many of your descendants. Khwaja NaqruddinChishti Moudodi (Shaal Pir Baba) is another well known descendant of yours whose tomb is in the capital city (Quetta) of Balochistan, located in Quettamarker chaowni near the old fort. Khwaja Wali Kirani Moudodi Chishti Kiranimarker and Khwaja Mir Shahdad Moudodi Chishti Kirani are also Khwaja Maudood Chishti's descendants.The tombs of both these famous saints are in a place called Kiranimarker, west of Quettamarker city. A large number of his descendants still live in Kirani. Last but not the least Khwaja Ibrahim Yukpassi another important saint belonging to Khwaja Maudood Chishti's family is buried in Mastung Balochistanmarker and Khwaja Dopassi is buried in Dhadarmarker near the beginning of Bolan pass Balochistanmarker Pakistanmarker.

Descendants in Balochistan Pakistan:

In the valley of shal kot (Quettamarker) and Bolan in the Balochistanmarker province the influence of the Moudodi family reached within the lifetime of the head of the family. According to one source Khwaja Qutubuddin Moudod visited the area at least once. He came to the home of his follower Shiekh Babut in the area of Shoroak. Shiekh Babut belonged to the pashtoon tribe called 'Bariech'. During the lifetime of Khwaja Moudod Chishti his friends and followers started to spread the message of Islam. Later on Khwaja Qutubuddin Moudod Chishti's own family (the sadat) advanced the message of Islam in greater Balochistan and moulded the life of ordinary people according to the ideology of islam.



Shijra-e-tareekat:

Main source:



Early Sufis which, though not part of a formal order, are part of the spiritual chain:
  1. Hasan al-Basri (died 110 AH)
  2. Abdul Waahid Bin Zaid (died 176 AH)
  3. Fudhail Bin Iyadh (died 187 AH)
  4. Ibrahim Bin Adham (died 162 AH)
  5. Huzaifah Al-Mar’ashi (died 202 AH)
  6. Abu Hubairah Basri (died 287 AH)
  7. Mumshad Dinawari (died 298 AH)


Start of the Chishti Order:
  1. Abu Ishaq Shami (died 329 AH)
  2. Abu Ahmad Abdal (died 355 AH)
  3. Abu Muhammad Bin Abi Ahmad (died 411 AH)
  4. Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan (died 459 AH)
  5. Maudood Chishti (died 527 AH)
  6. Shareef Zandani
  7. Usman Harooni
  8. Moinuddin Chishti
  9. Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki
  10. Fariduddin Ganjshakar


Family tree:



Family tree (mother's side)

(Referenced from the book: Khwaja Ibrahim Yakpassi Chishti)

  • Amir-ul-momineen imam Hassan Raziallahtalla anha
  • Hazrat Syed Hassan Musna
  • Hazrat Syed Abdullah-al-Mahaz
  • Hazrat Syed Nasir-ud-din Hassan
  • Hazrat Syed Mujdad-al-maale
  • Hazrat Syed Hassan
  • Hazrat Syed Yahya
  • Hazrat Syed Ibrahim
  • Hazrat Syed Sultan Firsinafa
  • Hazrat Syed Khwaja Abu Ahmed Abdal Chishti
  • Hazrat Syeda Bibi Khizamatullah Taala Hassani (Mother of Hazrat Maudood Chishti)
(Bibi Asmat Khatoon)

Images

Image:Khwaja_Qutubuddin_Moudod_Chishti.jpg
Image:(Holy_grave)_of_Khwaja_Mawdud_Chishti.jpg
Image:Khaneqah_of_Awlia-I-Chist.jpg
Image:Khaneqah_Awliya-i-Chisht.jpg
Image:Maudood Chishti .jpg
File:Maudood Chishti -2.jpg
File:Maudood Chishti -3.jpg
File:Maudood Chishti -4.jpg
File:Maudood Chishti -5.jpg


See also



Notes



References

  • The Big Five of India in Sufism [384715]
  • Pakistan, a Political Study [384716]
  • A Guide to the Islamic Movement [384717]


Referenced from Book Khwaajah Maudood Chisti


  • Tazkara-e-Syed Moudodi,idara-e-maarife Islam, Mansoora Lahoremarker
  • Sair-ul-aolia,Urdu and Persian edition, written by Amir Khurd
  • Maraat-ul-israr by Hazrat Khwaja Abdul Rehman Chishti Quds Sira
  • Trirekh-e-mashaikh-e-Chisht by Doctor inam-ul-Haq
  • Safinat-ul-Arifeen
  • Tazkara-e-Ghuas o Qutub
  • Shijra-e-Maoroosi Sadat Kiranimarker
  • The mashkiah of Chisht by Shiekh Muhammed Zakariyya Kandhalwi
  • The Origin Of Chishti Order



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