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Max Schede (January 7, 1844 – December 31, 1902) was a German surgeon who was a native of Arnsbergmarker.

Schede studied medicine at the Universities of Hallemarker, Heidelbergmarker and Zurichmarker, and earned his medical doctorate in 1866. After serving as a doctor in the Austro-Prussian Warmarker, he became an assistant to Richard von Volkmann (1830-1889) at Halle, and during the Franco-Prussian War was head of a Feldlazaretts. In 1875 he was in charge of the surgical department at the Friedrichshain Hospital in Berlinmarker, and in 1880 practiced surgery at St. Georg Hospital in Hamburgmarker.

At Hamburg he was a catalyst concerning the construction of Eppendorf Hospitalmarker, and in 1888 became head of its surgical department. In 1895 he became a professor of surgery at the University of Bonnmarker.

Schede was a pioneer of antisepsis in Germany, and in 1890 introduced a surgical procedure called thoracoplasty, which involved resection of the thorax for treatment of chronic empyema. His name is associated with the "Schede method", also known as "Schede's clot", which is a procedure that involves scraping off dead tissue in bone necrosis, allowing the cavity to fill with blood, then covering it with gauze and rubber.

In 1874 he was a co-founder of the journal Zentralblatt für Chirurgie.


  • This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia.
  1. The American illustrated medical dictionary by William Alexander Newman Dorland
  2. Mondofacto Definition (definition of eponym)

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