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Mayfair is an area of central Londonmarker, Englandmarker, within the City of Westminstermarker.

History

Mayfair is named after the annual fortnight-long May Fair that took place on the site that is Shepherd Marketmarker today (from 1686 until it was banned in that location in 1764). Until 1686, the May Fair was held in Haymarketmarker, and after 1764, it moved to Fair Field in Bowmarker because the well-to-do residents of the area felt the fair 'lowered the tone' of neighbourhood.

Mayfair is roughly bordered by Hyde Parkmarker to the west, Oxford Streetmarker to the north, Piccadillymarker and Green Parkmarker to the south and Regent Streetmarker to the east. Most of the area was first developed between the mid 17th century and the mid 18th century as a fashionable residential district, by a number of landlords, the most important of them the Grosvenor family. The freehold of a large section of Mayfair also belongs to the Crown Estate.

The district is now mainly commercial, with many offices in converted houses and new buildings, including major corporate headquarters, a concentration of hedge funds, and real estate businesses. Rents are among the highest in London and the world. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London's largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Buildings in Mayfair include the United Statesmarker embassy in Grosvenor Squaremarker, the Royal Academy of Artsmarker, The Handel House Museummarker, the Grosvenor House Hotelmarker,Claridge'smarker and The Dorchestermarker.

The renown and prestige of Mayfair has grown in the popular mind due to its designation as the most expensive property on the Britishmarker Monopoly set.

Education

The City operates the Mayfair Library, as a local library.

Streets and squares

Savile Row
The Royal Arcade in Old Bond Street


Transport and locale

Location in context



Nearest tube stations

The nearest London Underground stations are Bond Streetmarker, Green Parkmarker, Hyde Park Cornermarker, Marble Archmarker and Oxford Circusmarker.

Nearest railway station



Museums



See also



References

  1. http://www.londontourguide.org.uk/walking-tours.htm
  2. " Mayfair Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.


External links




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