Mayong, also known as the
Land of Black Magic, is situated in Morigaon district of
Assam, on the bank of the river Brahmaputra. Situated at 40km from Guwahati and once
considered the cradle of black magic in the country, Mayong is
today a place of tourist attraction because of its history.
During the medieval period in ancient India, Mayong is said to
remain the Indian Capital of Black Magic and
Several stories and legends are there pertaining to the name
Mayong. Here are some of them.
- Some people say the name Mayong comes from the word
Maya since it is considered
as the land of illusion.
- When the entire Northeastern
region of India was under the common name Assam, Manipuri people from the maibong clan
inhabited there. The area, being hilly place, was full of elephant
and the Manipuri word for an elephant is Miyong, hence few
believe that Mayong was a corruption of the word
- Legend is that Mayong refers to “part of goddess Shakti”.
Maa for mother shakti, Ongo for part,
hence the older generation calls goddess Maa.
Mayong and magic
Mayong is full of supernatural stories. It is said that people came
from far off and abroad to learn magic here. Except a few, the
were not written but
passed from mouth to mouth from generation to generation.
Mayong along with Pragjyotishpura (the ancient name of Assam) find
place in many mythological epics, including the Mahabharat
. Chief Ghatotkacha of Kachari Kingdom
took part in The Great Battle of Mahabharata
According to history, Narabali
or human sacrifices
were carried out in
connection with the worship of Shakti till the early modern period.
Excavators had recently dug up swords and other sharp weapons that
resembled tools used for human sacrifice in other parts of the
country. “The swords are huge, similar to what were used in human
sacrifice in some parts of the country. The villagers, too, told us
that their forefathers used to talk about human sacrifice. We have
reason to believe that human sacrifice might have taken place in
the Ahom era in Mayong. At present, the ritual of animal sacrifice
is prevalent in Mayong as it is in other Shakti shrines in the
state. But we need to find out more evidence to arrive at a
conclusion,” said Sanjay K. Manjul, the superintending
archaeologist of the ASI (Guwahati circle).
Tourism and Archaeology
Mayong is evolving as a hot-spot for tourism and archaeology
because of its rich wildlife
, adventure tourism
, cultural tourism
and river tourism. It is
full of archaeology relics and artefacts some discovered and some
yet to be discovered. Mayong Central Museum and
in the village has preserved some of the ancient
manuscript of Black Magic and Ayurveda.