A meat chop
is a cut of meat
cut perpendicularly to the spine
, and usually
containing a rib
or part of a vertebra
and served as an individual portion. The
most common kinds of meat chops are pork
. A thin
boneless chop, or one with only the rib bone
may be called a cutlet
, though the difference
is not always clear. The term "chop" is not usually used for
, but a T-bone
is essentially a loin chop
a rib steak
a rib chop.
Chops are generally cut from lamb
, or mutton
, but also from game
such as venison
. They are cut perpendicular
to the spine, and usually include a rib and a section of spine.
They are typically cut from 10–50 mm thick.
States markets, pork chops are classified as "center-cut"
Lamb chops are classified as shoulder
, blade, rib, loin
, and leg
chops. The rib chops are narrower,
, and tastier, while the loin chops are
broader and leaner. Lamb chops are sometimes cut with an attached
piece of kidney.
Chops may either be cut by separating the ribs using a knife
and then cutting the spine with a hacksaw
or by sawing
perpendicularly to the spine using
a band saw
, which cuts across some ribs
diagonally. Chops are sometimes beaten with the side of a cleaver
or with a meat mallet
to make them
thinner and more tender.
A Barnsley chop is a
lamb chop taken from right across the loin which becomes a
double-sided chop. The Barnsley chop is believed to have
originated at Brooklands Hotel, in Barnsley, England where it is
Chops may be cooked in various ways, including grilling
and so on. Lamb chops are
often cooked with dry heat, grilled or pan-broiled. Pork chops
, or braised
, or breaded
Britain, the idea of a chop comes from the 17th century,
when London chophouses
started cooking individual portions of meat.