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The Mediterranean Games are a multi-sport games held every four years, mainly for nations bordering the Mediterranean Seamarker, where Europe, Africa and Asia meet. The idea was proposed at the 1948 Summer Olympics by Muhammed Taher Pasha, chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee, and they were first held in 1951. The first 10 games took place always one year preceding the Olympics. However, from 1993 on, they were held the year following the Olympic games.
The Games were inaugurated on October 1951, in Alexandriamarker, Egyptmarker, in honour of Muhammed Taher Pasha, the man to whom their inspiration is owed, with contests being held in 13 sports along with the participation of 734 athletes from 10 countries. Ever since, they take place every 4 years without any interruption. In 1955, in Barcelona, during the II Games, the set up was decided of a Supervisory and Controlling Body for the Games, a kind of Executive Committee. The decisions were finally materialized on June 16, 1961, and the said Body was named, upon a Greek notion, ICMG (International Committee for the Mediterranean Games).

Description

The Mediterranean Games present an opportunity for peaceful athletic competition between youth from different continents, cultures and religions — all bound together via a common Olympic Ideal, which has sprung from the ancient Mediterranean country of Greece, the cradle of contemporary western civilization. A chance is thus given, through these games, for young people to get to know each other, appreciate each other, reaffirm or strengthen their ties in a climate of genial rivalry.

The Mediterranean Games, in terms of the preparation and composition of the National Delegation, are held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee and the Hellenic Olympic Committee (HOC). However, their establishment too must be credited to the HOC, for it held a leading part in their being founded despite all difficulties.

Athens is the permanent seat of the ICMG (irrespective of who the President might be) and the Committee’s General Secretary is Greek. This comes as a further tribute to Greece, highlighting its leading role with regard to the function and strengthening of the institution.

The logo of the games, also referred to as the "Mediterranean Olympics", is composed of three white rings symbolically representing Africa, Asia, and Europe — the three continents that border the Mediterranean Seamarker. This logo has been used since the Split games in 1979, for which it was devised and afterwards accepted for the whole Games. During the closing ceremony, the flag of the games is transferred to the country of the city chosen for the organisation of the next Mediterranean Games.

Participating countries

Participating countries
At present, 23 countries participate in the games:







The only country bordering the Mediterranean Sea which is not permited to participate is Israelmarker. It has been claimed that the exclusion of Israel is driven by both political motivation and antisemitic prejudice.

The only countries not bordering the Mediterranean Sea which nonetheless participate are Andorramarker, San Marinomarker and Serbiamarker.

The Hellenic Olympic Committee suggested nine more countries that don't satisfy geographic criteria to be allowed to participate, such as Bulgariamarker, Macedoniamarker, Portugalmarker and some Arabic countries.

Flag

Cities hosted the Games
The symbol of the Mediterranean Games consists of three rings representing Asia, Africa and Europe, the three continents involved in this competition. The rings dissolve in a wavy line in their lower part, as if they were immersed in the Mediterranean Sea. During the closing ceremony, the flag is transferred to the country of the city chosen to host the next Mediterranean Games.

Host cities

No inland city has ever hosted the games. All but one of the host cities to date have been situated on the Mediterranean coast. (Casablanca is located on the Atlantic coast.) Below together the official numbers in sequence

No Year Host Participating
Countries
Sports Competitions Athletes Total
City Country Male Female
I 1951 Alexandriamarker (Egyptmarker) 10 14 91 734 --- 734
II 1955 Barcelonamarker (Spainmarker) 10 20 102 1.135 --- 1.135
III 1959 Beirutmarker (Lebanonmarker) 11 17 106 792 --- 792
IV 1963 Naplesmarker (Italymarker) 13 17 93 1.057 --- 1.057
V 1967 Tunismarker (Tunisiamarker) 12 14 93 1.211 38 1.249
VI 1971 İzmirmarker (Turkeymarker) 14 18 137 1.235 127 1.362
VII 1975 Algiersmarker (Algeriamarker) 15 19 160 2.095 349 2.444
VIII 1979 Splitmarker (Yugoslaviamarker) 14 26 192 2.009 399 2.408
IX 1983 Casablancamarker (Moroccomarker) 16 20 162 1.845 335 2.180
X 1987 Latakiamarker (Syriamarker) 18 19 162 1.845 335 2.180
XI 1991 Athensmarker (Greecemarker) 18 24 217 2.176 586 2.762
XII 1993 Languedoc and Roussillon (Francemarker) 20 24 217 1.994 604 2.598
XIII 1997 Barimarker (Italymarker) 21 27 234 2.999 804 3.803
XIV 2001 Tunismarker (Tunisiamarker) 23 23 230 2.002 1.039 3.041
XV 2005 Almeríamarker (Spainmarker) 21 27 258 2,134 1,080 3,214
XVI 2009 Pescaramarker (Italymarker) 23 28
XVII 2013 Volosmarker and Larissamarker (Greecemarker)


List of sports

24 sports made up the programme of the games in 2005:Aquatics (Swimming, Waterpolo), Archery, Athletics , Basketball, Bowls, Boxing, Canoe-Kayak, Cycling, Equestrian, Fencing, Football, Golf, Gymnastics (artistic and rhythmic), Handball, Paralympic sports, Judo, Karate, Rowing, Sailing, Shooting, Table tennis, Tennis, Volleyball (and Beach volleyball), Weightlifting and Wrestling.

Proposals have been made to include sailing in the program.

A proposal that women be included in the games was made as early as 1959. However, women did not participate until 1967.

All-time medal table 1951-2009

1 751 633 578 1962
2 577 520 448 1545
3 269 377 470 1116
4 263 174 216 653
5 191 168 155 514
6 165 215 291 671
7 103 161 191 455
8 70 61 110 241
9 55 53 93 201
10 52 60 83 193
11 31 50 57 138
12 32 36 55 123
13 26 35 73 134
14 * 25 31 55 111
15 23 21 30 74
16 10 22 40 72
17 8 15 13 36
18 5 15 13 32
19 3 6 13 22
20 2 1 13 16
21 1 7 2 10
22 2 2 3 7
23 0 2 3 5
24 0 1 1 2
Total 2421 2422 2697 7540


References

  1. www.pescara2009.it: Participating countries
  2. The games must go on: Avery Brundage and the Olympic movement, Allen Guttmann, page 225.


External links




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