Megacles (Μεγακλῆς) was the
name of several notable men of ancient Athens:
1. Megacles was possibly a legendary Archon of Athens
from 922 BC to 892
2. Megacles was a member of the Alcmaeonidae
family, and the archon eponymous
in 632 BC when Cylon
made his unsuccessful attempt
to take over Athens. Megacles was convicted of killing Cylon (who
had taken refuge on the Acropolis
as a suppliant of Athena
) and was exiled from
the city, along with all the other members of his genos
the Alcmaeonidae. The Alcmaeonidae inherited a miasma
("stain") that lasted for generations among Megacles'
3. Megacles, the grandson of the above and member of the Alcmaeonidae
family, was an opponent of
in the 6th century
BC. He drove out Pisistratus during the latter's first reign as
in 560 BC, but the two then made an
alliance with each other, and Pisistratus married Megacles'
claims that they also
tricked the Athenians into believing Athena herself had arrived to
proclaim Pisistratus tyrant, by dressing up a woman named Phye as
the goddess. This event is subject to debate as to whether Herodotus
has interpreted this episode correctly.
However, Megacles turned against Pisistratus when Pisistratus
refused to have children with Megacles' daughter, which brought an
end to the second tyranny.
Megacles later competed circa 560 BC or later with Hippocleides, a former archon of Athens, to marry Agarista, the daughter of Cleisthenes of Sicyon.
had two sons; the elder Hippocrates
was father of another
Megacles (ostracized 486 BC) and a daughter Agariste
was mother of Pericles
(himself the father of Hippocrates of Athens
who died 424
BC). The younger son Cleisthenes
allegedly father of Deinomache
Dinomache), mother of Alcibiades
BC). Thus, Megacles the elder was great-grandfather of
4. Megacles, grandson of the above, son of Hippocrates, and brother
was ostracized in 486 BC.
He is sometimes described as the father of Deinomache
and thus the maternal grandfather of
. Other sources, notably
that his uncle Cleisthenes
grandfather of Alcibiades. He was honored by Pindar
as exiled winner in the chariot race of
- Pythian eleven By Pindar, Patrick Finglass Page 25