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Departure of Mehmed VI, last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1922
Mehmed VI Wahid ed-din (Ottoman Turkish: محمد سادس Meḥmed-i sâdis, or ) (14 January/2 February 1861 – 15/16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1918 to 1922. The brother of Mehmed V, he succeeded to the throne as the eldest male member of the House of Osman after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Yusuf Izzettin Efendi, the heir to the throne. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on July 4, 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was sultan Abdülmecid I and mother was Gülüstü, (1831 - May 1861), originally named Henriet, a Circassian.

Birth

He was born in the Dolmabahçe Palacemarker or the Beşiktaş Palace, Beşiktaşmarker, both in Istanbulmarker.On his ninth birthday he was ceremoniously circumcised in the special Circumcision Room (Sünnet Odasi) of Topkapı Palace.

Only a few were members of the Turkish harems, even the mothers of the sultans and their children for generations came from most of Europe or the Caucasus.

Reign

The First World War was a disaster for the Ottoman Empire. British and allied forces had conquered Baghdadmarker, Damascusmarker, and Jerusalemmarker during the war and most of the Empire was divided among the European allies. At the San Remo conference of April 1920, the Frenchmarker were granted a mandate over Syriamarker and the Britishmarker were granted one over Palestine and Mesopotamia. On August 10, 1920, Mehmed's representatives signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which recognized the mandates, removed Ottoman control over Anatoliamarker and İzmirmarker, severely reduced the extent of Turkeymarker, and recognized Hejaz as an independent state.

Turkish nationalists were angered by the Sultan's acceptance of the settlement. A new government, the Turkish Grand National Assemblymarker, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal was formed on 23 April 1920, in Ankaramarker (then known as Angora). The new government denounced the rule of Mehmed VI and a temporary constitution was drafted.

The Turkish Grand National Assemblymarker abolished the Sultanate on November 1, 1922, and Mehmed left Istanbulmarker, aboard the Britishmarker warship Malaya on 17 November. He went into exile in Maltamarker; Mehmed later lived in the Italian Riviera.

On 19 November 1922 Mehmed's first cousin and heir Abdülmecid Efendi was elected Caliph, becoming the new head of the dynasty as Abdülmecid II before the Caliphate was abolished in 1924. Mehmed died on 16 May 1926 in Sanremomarker, Italymarker, and was buried at the mosque of Sultan Selim I in Damascusmarker.

Marriages and issue

First marriage and issue

His first marriage was to Abkhaz HH Emine Nazikedâ Marjim-Abaza Kadın Efendi (Sukhumimarker, Abkhaziamarker, 9 October 1866 - Maadimarker, Cairomarker, 1944 and buried there) in the Ortaköy Palace, Istanbulmarker, on 8 June 1885. Their issue was:

Second marriage

His second marriage was to Georgian HH Inshira Kadın Efendi (Batumimarker, 10 July 1887 - Cairomarker, 10 June 1930) at the Çengelköy Palace, Çengelköymarker, Üsküdarmarker, Istanbulmarker, on 8 July 1905. They divorced in 1909, without issue.

Third marriage and issue

His third marriage was to HH Sadiye Mevedett Kadın Efendi (Adapazarımarker, 12 October 1893 - Çengelköy Palace, Çengelköymarker, Üsküdarmarker, Istanbulmarker, 1951 and buried there), at the Çengelköy Palace, Çengelköymarker, Üsküdarmarker, Istanbulmarker, on 25 April 1911, Their only issue was:

Fourth marriage

His fourth marriage was to HH Nevare Kadın Efendi (Adapazarımarker, 4 May 1901 - ?) at the Dolmabahçe Palacemarker, Istanbulmarker, on 20 June 1918. They divorced in 1924, without issue.

Fifth marriage

His fifth marriage was to HH Nimit Nevzad Kadın Efendi (Istanbulmarker, 2 March 1902 - bef. 1985/199?) at the Yıldız Palace, Istanbulmarker, on 1 September 1921 and was without issue

See also



Notes

Further reading

  • Fromkin, David, 1989. A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East ISBN 0-8050-0857-8


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