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Melun is a commune in the Seine-et-Marnemarker department in the Île-de-Francemarker region in north-central Francemarker. It is located in the south-eastern suburbs of Parismarker from the center. Melun is the capital of the department, as the seat of an arrondissement.

Its inhabitants are called Melunais.

History

Meledunum began as a Gaulish town; Caesar noted Melun as "a town of the Senones, situated on an island in the Seine"; at the island there was a wooden bridge, which his men repaired. Roman Meledunum was a mutatio where fresh horses were kept available for official couriers on the Roman road south-southeast of Paris, where it forded the Seine.

The Normans sacked it in 845. The castle of Melun became a royal residence of the Capetian kings. Hugh Capet (See also: House of Capet) gave Melun to Bouchard, his favorite. In the reign of Hugh's son, Robert II of France, Eudes, the count of Champagne, bought the city, and the king took it back for the viscount in 999. Le Chatelain and his wife, who had sold the city, were hanged. Robert died there in July 1031.

Counts of Melun



Vicounts of Melun

The early viscounts of Melun were listed by seventeenth- and eighteenth-century genealogists, notably Père Anselme. Based on closer reading of the original documents, Adolphe Duchalais constructed this list of viscounts in 1844:

  • Salo (c. 993; possibly legendary)
  • Joscelin I (c. 998)
  • William (possibly c. 1000)
  • Ursio (c. 1067-1085)
  • William the Carpenter (c. 1094)
  • Hilduin, Garin, Ursio II, Jean (unknown dates, possibly not viscounts)
  • Adam (c. 1138-1141; married Mahaut, daughter of his predecessor)
  • Joscelin II (c. 1156)


The title eventually became an honourary peerage. Such viscount include Honoré-Armand de Villars and Claude Louis Hector de Villars.

Transport

Melun is served by Melun station, which is an interchange station on Paris RER line D, on the Transilien Paris – Lyon suburban rail line, and on several national rail lines.

Sights

The nearby chateau of Vaux-le-Vicomtemarker is considered a smaller predecessor of Palace of Versaillesmarker.

The officers' school of the French Gendarmerie is located in Melun.

People

Melun was the birthplace of:

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Melun is twinned with:

See also



References



  • Initial text from the "Carpenters' Encyclopedia of Carpenters 2001" Compiled by John R. Carpenter.
  • The Viscounts and Counts of Melun are listed in ES (Detlev Schwennicke, "Europäische Stammtafeln," Neue Folge) Volume VII, Tafels 55 & 56.


External links




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