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The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was the meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. census.

The Democratic Party controlled a majority in both chambers for the first time since the end of the 103rd Congress in 1995. Although the Democrats held fewer than 50 Senate seats, they had an operational majority because the two independent senators caucus with the Democrats for organizational purposes. No Democratic-held seats had fallen to the Republican Party in the 2006 elections. Democrat Nancy Pelosi became the first woman Speaker of the House. The House also received the first Muslims and Buddhists in Congress.


In the Senate, there are 16 women, the highest number in history (Barbara Boxer, D-CA; Maria Cantwell, D-WA; Hillary Clinton, D-NY; Susan Collins, R-ME; Elizabeth Dole, R-NC; Dianne Feinstein, D-CA; Kay Bailey Hutchinson, R-TX; Amy Klobuchar, D-MN; Mary Landrieu, D-LA; Blanche Lincoln, D-AR; Claire McCaskill, D-MO; Barbara Mikulski, D-MD; Lisa Murkowski, R-AK; Patty Murray, D-WA; Olympia Snowe, R-ME; Debbie Stabenow, D-MI). There are 13 Jews, three Hispanics (Mel Martinez, R-FL; Bob Menendez, D-NJ; Ken Salazar, D-CO) two Asian Americans (Daniel Akaka, D-HI; Daniel Inouye, D-HI), and one Arab American (John Sununu, R-NH). The average age of senators in 2007 is 62 years. The oldest senator in 2007 is President pro tempore Robert Byrd (90); the youngest is John Sununu (44).

The 110th Congress includes the most religiously-diverse House in history, including the first Muslims (Keith Ellison, D-MN and André Carson, D-IN), the first Buddhists (Mazie Hirono, D-HI and Hank Johnson, D-GA), 30 Jews, and one atheist (Pete Stark, D-CA). There are 42 African Americans (including two non-voting delegates) and 74 female representatives. There are also 27 Hispanics, four Asian Americans (Mazie Hirono, D-HI; Michael Honda, D-CA; Doris Matsui, D-CA; and David Wu, D-OR), and one Native American (Tom Cole, R-OK). There is one openly gay man (Barney Frank, D-MA) and one lesbian (Tammy Baldwin, D-WI).

Religious demographics

As of June 2008, the top five denominations in the Congress are Roman Catholic (29.3%), Baptist (11.1%), Methodist (10.2%), Jewish (7.8%), and Presbyterian (7.6%). Protestant denominations have held a large majority throughout congressional history, reflecting American's traditional demographics. 58.0% of seats are currently held by members of Protestant denominations. Catholics have also been in Congress from the beginning and have seen continuous representation since then. Charles Carroll was in the Continental Congress and was appointed to the Senate in 1789. Daniel Carroll of Marylandmarker and Thomas Fitzsimons of Pennsylvaniamarker were Catholics in the first session of the House of Representatives. Gabriel Richard became the first Catholic priest in Congress in 1823. Quakers have also served in Congress since its inception, with Philemon Dickinson in the Senate and a pair of House members in Lambert Cadwalader and John Hathorn. Quaker representation has not been continuous, and only one member of the current Congress belongs to the group, Representative Rush Holt.

In 1844, Lewis Charles Levin became the first Jew to be elected to Congress. In 1845, David Levy Yulee was the chosen as the first Jewish member of the Senate, although he later became a convert to Christianity. Jews have been continuously represented in the House since the election of Isidor Rayner in 1887. Since the election of Herbert Lehman to the Senate in 1948, the upper house has also contained at least one Jewish member. A record 42 Jews currently serve in Congress.

Not until 1966 was a member of an Orthodox faith elected to Congress. Nick Galifianakis became the first member of this group to serve in the legislature. In 1977, Paul Sarbanes became the first US Senator of Orthodox beliefs. This group, despite having a relatively small number of adherents, has been continuously represented in both houses since the intitial elections. Senator Olympia Snowe, as well as Representatives John Sarbanes, Zack Space, Gus Bilirakis, and Niki Tsongas are current members of Congress that follow Greek Orthodoxy, while Representative Melissa Bean adheres to Serbian Orthodoxy.

Dalip Singh Saund, who was elected in 1956 and served until 1963, was the first, and so far only, Sikh in Congress.In 2007, Keith Ellison of Minnesotamarker became the first practicing Muslim to become a member of the United States Congress; he was joined by André Carson of Indianamarker following a special election on March 11, 2008. Mazie Hirono of Hawai'imarker and Hank Johnson of Georgiamarker became the first two Buddhists to be elected to the United States Congress on November 7, 2006. Johnson is a member of the Soka Gakkai sect, and Hirono (albeit non practicing) is a member of the Jodo Shinshu sect.

Members of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) have been in Congress since Utahmarker was established as a territory in 1851. Delegate John Milton Bernhisel became the first Mormon in Congress that same year. When Utah received statehood in 1896, Clarence Emir Allen became the first representative of a state that practiced the Mormon faith, and since then Mormons have had continuous representation in the lower House. Frank J. Cannon became the first Latter-day Saint member of the Senate, also in 1896. However, after he left office the next year, Mormons did not return to the Senate until 1905, when George Sutherland started a string of continuous representation for the group. Currently eleven representatives and five senators are part of this religious group.

As of a statement in March 2007, Californiamarker Rep. Pete Stark became the only publicly-stated atheist in the history of Congress. He was formerly of the Unitarian Universalist faith. Numerous members of Congress throughout history have also declined to list an official religion, including 10 current representatives.


 and Women in the United States House of Representatives
As of 2007, 477 members of Congress are male (84%) and 88 are female (16%). The global average for female representation at the parliamentary level in 2007 was 17.0%.

Jeannette Rankin was the first woman elected to Congress, in 1916. Women could not vote or be elected in most of the United States until the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920. Rebecca Felton was the first woman to become a Senator in 1922, serving for a brief two-day period when she was appointed to fill a vacancy left by Georgia Senator Thomas E. Watson. The first woman to win a race for Senate was Hattie Caraway, who won a special election in January 1932 to fulfill her late husband's Senate term of office. Caraway subsequently won the scheduled November 1932 election, eventually serving two more full terms.

In the early days following the legalization of national women's suffrage, most women elected to Congress were chosen as replacements for deceased husbands. Prior to the 1960s, most female members of Congress were either involved in this process of "widow's succession" or were members of influential political families. Elected to the House in 1965, Patsy Mink became the first non-white woman to enter Congress (she is of Japanese American heritage). Until 1992, a year that saw the election of four new female senators, the US Senate had never had more than three women serving at a time. Nancy Pelosi became the first female leader of a major party when she took over the position of House Minority Leader in 2002, and she is currently (since 2007) the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House.

In the 109th United States Congress, there were 70 women serving the U.S. House and 14 in the U.S. Senate, which was the highest number of women to hold Congressional office in the United States up until that time. Those numbers went up in the 110th Congress, with 74 women in the House and 16 in the Senate.

Sexual orientation

There have been five openly gay members in the history of Congress. Gerry Studds (elected in 1972) became the first openly gay man when he acknowledged his homosexuality in 1983. Barney Frank (elected in 1980) is currently the only openly gay male in Congress; he first spoke publicly about his sexual orientation in 1987. Steve Gunderson, elected in 1980 and outed in 1994, and Jim Kolbe, elected in 1984 and outed in 1996, are two other previous members of Congress that were openly gay. Current congresswoman Tammy Baldwin is the first and so far only open lesbian woman to win election to Congress. In 1998, she became the first ever gay person to win election to Congress as a non-incumbent. Former California representative Michael Huffington is bisexual, but did not come out until after his term had ended.

Occupational background

Members of Congress come from a variety of occupational backgrounds. 215 members (159 in the House and 58 in the Senate) have worked in some aspect of law during their career, whether as an attorney, paralegal, policy analyst, or bureaucratic official, with 180 members of the House and 58 of the Senate holding Juris Doctor degrees. 189 members (162 in the House and 26 in the Senate) have worked in some segment of private sector business, with 18 members holding MBA degrees. 82 representatives and 14 senators have worked in education, whether as a teacher or school administrator. 109 Congress members have served as political aides at some level, including 10 working as congressional pages and 16 working as members of the White Housemarker staff.

24 members of Congress have worked in the medical field, including 12 M.D., 3 nurses, 2 dentists, 2 veterinarians, 1 psychologist, 1 psychiatrist, 1 optometrist, and 1 pharmacist. 15 members are former law enforcement specialists, including 5 sheriffs, 4 police officers, 2 state troopers, 2 probation officers, 1 FBImarker agent, and 1 border patrol agent. 9 scientists serve in Congress, including 4 chemists, 3 physicists, 1 biologist, and 1 biomedical engineer. 6 members of Congress are ordained ministers, while 5 are certified public accountants.

Several members of Congress were nationally famous prior to entering politics, namely Hall of Fame MLB pitcher Jim Bunning, and NFL quarterback Heath Shuler. Other congressmen have held a variety of jobs ranging from social worker to mortician to riverboat captain.


African Americans currently make up about 13% of the US population, but have historically been underrepresented in Congress. Currently 42 members (9.5%) of the House are black. Senator Burris of Illinois is the only current black member of the senate. Burris as appointed to the seat after the former Senator, Barack Obama, was elected President. Senator Burris has indicated he will not seek election to the Senate when the seat comes up for election in 2010. Until the emancipation of enslaved African Americans after the Civil War and the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1866, blacks were generally barred from voting outside of the Northeast and in the South, particularly. As a result of these new laws, Joseph Rainey and Jefferson F. Long won election to Congress in majority-black districts and Hiram Rhodes Revels was appointed as senator from Mississippi (then a majority-black state) in 1870. However, the end of Reconstruction in 1876 marked a weakening of black rights and by 1901, when George Henry White left the House after losing a reelection bid, there were no African Americans left in Congress.

In 1929, Oscar Stanton de Priest became the first African American congressman since George Henry White. He and his successor, Arthur W. Mitchell, spent their tenure as the only African Americans in Congress while representing a majority-black House district in Chicagomarker. In 1970, a year that saw the election of four black freshman congressman, black membership in the House reached double-digits. Shirley Chisholm became the first African American female member of Congress when she won a 1968 election in New York, while Andrew Young of Georgia became the first modern African American congressman from the South after he won election in 1972.

Only six African Americans have served in the U.S. Senate. Hiram Revels and Blanche Bruce both served during Reconstruction in then majority-black Mississippi. In the modern era, Edward Brooke (served 1967-79), Carol Moseley Braun (served 1993-99 as the first black female senator), Barack Obama (served 2005-08), and Rolan Burris are the only blacks to have served in the upper house.

Representation of Hispanics is somewhat complex, particularly because of the different ways to define membership in this group. Hispanics represent over 14% of the U.S. population, while the Senate is 3% Hispanic and the House is approximately 5% (25 members) Hispanic. Considering that Hispanics make up only 4% of American voters, Hispanic political incorporation has been relatively high compared with previous immigrant groups. The Congressional Hispanic Caucus [503377] has 21 members. Joseph Marion Hernández, a Spanish American, was the first Hispanic in Congress. He was a Whig Party territorial representative for Floridamarker in 1822. The first to represent a state was Romualdo Pacheco, who represented Californiamarker in 1877. In 1929, Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo became the first Hispanic to be elected to the United States Senate. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Cuban American first elected in 1989, was the first Hispanic woman in Congress. While Hispanic women have served in House, none have been elected to the Senate.

Unlike black Americans, Hispanics never were legally barred from the polls and in New Mexico and California, Hispanics were a large and influential minority. Since the election of Dennis Chavez and Joachim O. Fernández to the House in 1931, Hispanics have continuously been represented in Congress. Most Hispanic members of Congress, including all elected prior to 1970, were of Mexicanmarker descent. Herman Badillo won election in 1970 to become the first Puerto Rican in Congress, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen was elected in 1989 as the first Cuban American congresswoman, and Richard Pombo won a seat in 1993 as the first Portuguese American member of congress.

Prior to 2005, only three Hispanics have won a term in the U.S. Senate. These members were Octaviano Larrazola (served 1928-29), Dennis Chavez (formerly of the House, and served 1935-62), and Joseph Montoya (also formerly a House member, serve 1964-77), all of Mexican descent. However, two Hispanics won Senate seats in 2004, Ken Salazar and Mel Martinez (the first Cuban American senator), and Bob Menendez was appointed and subsequently elected in 2006.

Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders also have a high level of political incorporation in terms of their actual voting population. But, as a result this group's historically low voting rates, overall political incorporation of the general population is relatively low. Although the population of this group has increased in size by 600% in 30 years due to immigration, heavy naturalization and voter outreach efforts have provided this primarily foreign-born community with less than 1% of voters but 1.25% of congressional population. However, since they represent 4.4% of the total population in the United States, this 1.25% still represents less than one-third of the total Asian American and Pacific Islander population. There are six members of this group in the House and two in the Senate. Senator Daniel Inouye and Representatives Mike Honda, Doris Matsui, and Mazie Hirono are all Japanese Americans. Senator Daniel Akaka is a Native Hawaiian, while Delegate Eni Faleomavaega is a Samoan. Bobby Scott of Virginia, who is also half black, has Filipino American ancestry.

Robert William Wilcox, a Native Hawaiian who served as Hawaiian territorial delegate from 1900 to 1903, was the first Pacific Islander chosen to serve in Congress. Dalip Singh Saund (served 1957-63) was the first South Asian American in Congress and is one of only two Indian Americans to be elected to the legislature. Hiram Fong, who served three decades in the Senate from 1959 to 1977, remains the sole Chinese American member to have ever entered Congress. Daniel Inouye (serving since 1959) was the first Japanese American in the House and later the first in Senate. Patsy Mink (served 1965-77 and again from 1990-2002) was the first Asian American woman in Congress. Daniel Akaka (serving since 1977) is thus far the only native Hawaiian to serve in either the House or the Senate. Jay Kim, who was born in Seoulmarker and served from 1993-99, remains as the only Korean American to have entered Congress, while current congressman David Wu became the first Taiwanese American representative in 1999. Bobby Scott, elected in 1993, is the only member of Congress to have Filipino ancestry.

Only five members of the U.S. Senate have been of Asian American or Pacific Islander backgrounds. Four of these politicians have been from Hawaii, with senators Hiram Fong, Spark Matsunaga, and Daniel Akaka providing a continuous hold for this ethnic group on a Class I seat from that state since its inception. Daniel Inouye has held the state's other senate seat for all but four years of statehood. Samuel Hayakawa (in office 1977-83) of California is the only other Asian to have served in the upper house. Hayakawa is actually of Japanese Canadian decent, but worked as a college professor in the United States.

Jewish Americans (29 members of the House and 13 members of Senate) have a level of political incorporation that is much greater than their voting population would suggest (2% of the population).

Compared with the primarily European American, African American, Latino, and Asian/Pacific American communities, American Indians, comprising 1.5% of the population, are the most underrepresented group. Tom Cole, a Chickasaw, is the only registered American Indian currently in the House. Tracking Native American members of Congress is complex, since many people of mixed blood are not registered as part of the American Indian population. Charles Curtis, who was three-quarters Native American and had ancestries from a variety of different tribes, was elected in 1892 as the first U.S. representative from this group. Curtis accomplished several other firsts during his political tenure. He became the first American Indian to serve in the US Senate (in office 1907-13 and 1915-29), to lead a major party (served as Republican Senate Majority Leader from 1925-29), and to obtain the office of Vice President.

Several of the nation's major tribes have been represented in Congress in limited number. Charles David Carter (served 1907-27) was the first Choctaw in Congress; William Wirt Hastings (served 1915-35) was the first Cherokee in the legislature; Ben Reifel (seved 1961-71) was the first Sioux to win election to the body. Other than Curtis, only a few members of the U.S. Senate have been American Indians. Robert Latham Owen (served 1907-25) and Ben Nighthorse Campbell (served 1993-2005 after several previous terms in the House and the first Cheyenne in Congress) are the others to have earned that distinction.

Middle Eastern Americans also have typically low levels of voting incorporation, except among a particular voting group. As a whole, Middle Eastern Americans are not measured by the U.S. Census, which, combined with differences in the definition of this group, makes measuring its percentage of the population difficult. Estimates place about 1.8% of the nation's population to be of this origin. However, nearly all Middle Eastern members of Congress have been from one group, Lebanese Americans. George Kasem became the first Lebanese congressman when he won his first and only term in 1958. Since Abraham Kazen took office in 1977 (served until 1985), Lebanese Americans have been consistently represented in Congress. Currently there are four Lebanese members of the House: Nick Rahall, Ray LaHood, Charles Boustany, and Darrell Issa.

Five members of the U.S. Senate have been of Middle Eastern decent, with all five coming from Arab American backgrounds and four holding Lebanese decent. James Abourezk, who served from 1973 to 1979, became the first Lebanese American member of the upper house. George Mitchell (served 1980-95), who is half Lebanese, became the first Middle Eastern American party leader, as he served as Senate Majority Leader from 1989 to 1995. James Abdnor (served 1981 to 1987) and Spencer Abraham (1995-2001) also were Lebanese American senators. John Sununu, a senator since 2003, is the first member of Congress of Palestinian American decent.

Currently there is one foreign-born U.S. Senator, Mel Martinez of Florida, who was born in Cubamarker. There are seven current representatives who were born overseas: Lincoln Diaz-Balart, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, and Albio Sires from Cuba; Ciro Rodriguez from Mexicomarker; Mazie Hirono from Japanmarker; David Wu from Taiwanmarker; and Pete Hoekstra from the Netherlandsmarker, who in total comprise 1.6% of the House. This figure does not include three members who were born overseas to U.S. citizen parents.


Elections for all House seats and 33 Senate seats were held on November 7, 2006 across the country. Following 12 years under Republican control, the Democratic Party became the majority in both houses, regaining control of the House for the first time since 1994 and the Senate for the first time since 2002.


Affiliation Members Note
Democratic Party 48
Republican Party 49
Independent Democrat 1 Joe Lieberman caucuses with the Democrats.
Independent 1 Bernie Sanders caucuses with the Democrats.
Vacant Seats 1 Seat previously held by Barack Obama.
Total 99 (with one vacancy)
Senators' party membership by state.


Majority leadership
Office Officer State Since
Senate Majority Leader

Democratic Conference Chairman
Harry Reid Nevadamarker 2006
Senate Majority Whip Richard Durbin Illinoismarker 2007
Democratic Policy Committee Chairman Byron Dorgan North Dakotamarker 1999
Democratic Conference Secretary Patty Murray Washingtonmarker 2007
Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman

and Vice-Chairman of the Democratic Conference
Chuck Schumer New Yorkmarker 2005
Minority leadership
Office Officer State Since
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell Kentuckymarker 2007
Senate Minority Whip Jon Kyl Arizonamarker 2007
Republican Conference Chairman Lamar Alexander Tennesseemarker 2007
Republican Policy Committee Chairman Kay Bailey Hutchison Texasmarker 2007
Republican Conference Secretary John Cornyn Texasmarker 2007
Republican Campaign Committee Chairman John Ensign Nevadamarker 2007


Class End of Term
1 2009
2 2011
3 2013

Class State Name Party Religion Prior Experience Education First took

2 Alabama Shelby, Richard Republican Methodist Alabama Senate; U.S. House (AL-7) University of Alabamamarker (BA, JD) 1987 1934
1 Alabama Sessions, Jeff Republican Methodist State Attorney General Huntingdon Collegemarker, University of Alabamamarker 1997 1946
1 Alaska Stevens, Ted Republican Episcopalian military, attorney, State House of Representatives UCLAmarker, Harvardmarker 1968 1923
2 Alaska Murkowski, Lisa Republican Roman Catholic State House of Representatives Georgetownmarker, Willamettemarker 2002 1957
2 Arizona McCain, John Republican Baptist military, U.S. House (AZ-1) U.S.marker Naval Academymarker 1987 1936
3 Arizona Kyl, Jon Republican Presbyterian attorney, U.S. House (AZ-4) Arizonamarker (BA, JD) 1995 1942
2 Arkansas Lincoln, Blanche Democratic Episcopalian U.S. House (AR-1) Randolph-Macon Women's College, Arkansasmarker 1999 1960
1 Arkansas Pryor, Mark Democratic Christian Arkansas House of Representatives, State Attorney General Arkansasmarker (BA, JD) 2003 1963
3 California Feinstein, Dianne Democratic Jewish Mayor of San Francisco Stanford Universitymarker 1992 1933
2 California Boxer, Barbara Democratic Jewish Marin County Board of Supervisors, U.S. House (CA-6) Brooklyn Collegemarker 1993 1940
1 Colorado Allard, Wayne Republican Protestant U.S. House (CO-4) Colorado Statemarker 1997 1943
2 Colorado Salazar, Ken Democratic Roman Catholic State Attorney General Colorado College, Michiganmarker 2005 1955
2 Connecticut Dodd, Chris Democratic Roman Catholic U.S. House (CT-2) Providencemarker, Louisvillemarker 1981 1944
3 Connecticut Lieberman, Joe Independent Democratic Jewish State Attorney General Yalemarker (BA, LLB) 1989 1942
1 Delaware Biden, Joe Democratic Roman Catholic New Castle County Council Delawaremarker, Syracusemarker 1973 1942
3 Delaware Carper, Tom Democratic Presbyterian Governor; U.S. House (DE-At Large);Delaware State Treasurer Ohio Statemarker, Delawaremarker 2001 1947
3 Florida Nelson, Bill Democratic Episcopalian U.S. House of Representatives, State Treasurer Yalemarker, Virginiamarker 2001 1942
2 Florida Martinez, Mel Republican Roman Catholic U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Developmentmarker Florida Statemarker (BA, JD) 2005 1946
1 Georgia Chambliss, Saxby Republican Episcopalian U.S. House (GA-8) Georgiamarker, Tennesseemarker 2003 1943
2 Georgia Isakson, Johnny Republican Methodist U.S. House (GA-6) Georgiamarker 2005 1944
2 Hawaii Inouye, Daniel Democratic Methodist U.S. House (HI-At Large) Hawaii, George Washingtonmarker 1963 1924
3 Hawaii Akaka, Daniel Democratic Congregationalist U.S. House (HI-2) Hawaii (BA, M.Ed.) 1991 1924
1 Idaho Craig, Larry Republican Methodist U.S. House (ID-1) Idahomarker 1991 1945
2 Idaho Crapo, Mike Republican LDS Idaho State Senate, U.S. House (ID-2) Brigham Youngmarker, Harvardmarker 1999 1951
1 Illinois Durbin, Dick Democratic Roman Catholic U.S. House (IL-20) Georgetownmarker (BS, JD) 1997 1944
2 Illinois Obama, Barack Democratic United Church of Christ Illinois State Senate Columbia, Harvardmarker 2005 1961
3 Indiana Lugar, Richard Republican Methodist Mayor of Indianapolis Denison, Oxfordmarker 1977 1932
2 Indiana Bayh, Evan Democratic Episcopalian Indiana Secretary of State, Governor Indiana Universitymarker, Virginiamarker 1999 1955
2 Iowa Grassley, Chuck Republican Baptist Iowa House of Representativesmarker, U.S. House (IA-3) Northern Iowamarker (BA, MA) 1981 1933
1 Iowa Harkin, Tom Democratic Roman Catholic U.S. House (IA-5) Iowa Statemarker, Catholic 1985 1939
2 Kansas Brownback, Sam Republican Roman Catholic U.S. House (KS-2) Kansas Statemarker, Kansasmarker 1996 1956
1 Kansas Roberts, Pat Republican Methodist U.S. House (KS-1) Kansas Statemarker 1997 1936
1 Kentucky McConnell, Mitch Republican Baptist Jefferson Countymarker Executive Louisvillemarker, Kentuckymarker 1985 1942
2 Kentucky Bunning, Jim Republican Roman Catholic Fort Thomasmarker City Council, Kentucky State Senate, U.S. House (KY-4) Xaviermarker 1999 1931
1 Louisiana Landrieu, Mary Democratic Roman Catholic State Treasurer Louisiana Statemarker 1997 1955
2 Louisiana Vitter, David Republican Roman Catholic U.S. House (LA-1) Harvardmarker, Oxfordmarker, Tulanemarker 2005 1961
3 Maine Snowe, Olympia Republican Eastern Orthodox Maine House of Representatives;Maine Senate; U.S. House (ME-2) Mainemarker 1995 1947
1 Maine Collins, Susan Republican Roman Catholic Deputy State Treasurer St. Lawrence 1997 1952
2 Maryland Mikulski, Barbara Democratic Roman Catholic Baltimore City Council, U.S. House (MD-3) Mount Saint Agnes, Maryland 1987 1936
3 Maryland Cardin, Ben Democratic Jewish Maryland House of Delegates, U.S. House (MD-3) Pittsburghmarker, Maryland 2007 1943
3 Massachusetts Kennedy, Ted Democratic Roman Catholic lawyer Harvardmarker, Virginiamarker 1962 1932
1 Massachusetts Kerry, John Democratic Roman Catholic Lieutenant Governor Yalemarker, Boston Collegemarker 1985 1943
1 Michigan Levin, Carl Democratic Jewish Detroit City Council Swarthmoremarker, Harvardmarker 1979 1934
3 Michigan Stabenow, Debbie Democratic United Methodist Ingham County Board of Commissioners, Michigan House of Representatives, Michigan Senate, U.S. House (MI-8) Michigan Statemarker (BA, MSW) 2001 1950
1 Minnesota Coleman, Norm Republican Jewish Mayor of St. Paul Hofstramarker, Iowamarker 2003 1949
3 Minnesota Klobuchar, Amy Democratic-Farmer-Labor Congregationalist Hennepin Countymarker Attorney Yalemarker, Chicagomarker 2007 1960
1 Mississippi Cochran, Thad Republican Baptist U.S. House (MS-4) Mississippimarker (BA, JD) 1979 1937
3 Mississippi Trent Lott Republican Baptist U.S. House (MS-5) Mississippimarker 1989 1941
3 Mississippi Wicker, Roger Republican Southern Baptist U.S. House (MS-1) Mississippimarker (BA, JD) 2007 1951
2 Missouri Bond, Kit Republican Presbyterian State Auditor, Governor Princetonmarker, Virginiamarker 1987 1939
3 Missouri McCaskill, Claire Democratic Roman Catholic State Auditor; Missouri House of Representatives;Jackson County Prosecutor University of Missourimarker (BS, JD) 2007 1953
1 Montana Baucus, Max Democratic United Church of Christ U.S. House (MT-1) Stanfordmarker (BS, LLB) 1979 1941
3 Montana Tester, Jon Democratic Church of God Montana State Senate President Great Falls 2007 1956
1 Nebraska Hagel, Chuck Republican Episcopalian electronics executive, investment banker Nebraska-Omahamarker 1997 1946
3 Nebraska Nelson, Ben Democratic Methodist Governor University of Nebraska (BA, MA, JD) 2001 1941
2 Nevada Reid, Harry Democratic LDS Nevada Assemblymarker, Lt. Governor of Nevada, U.S. House (NV-1) Southern Utahmarker, Utah State, George Washingtonmarker 1987 1939
3 Nevada Ensign, John Republican International Church of the Foursquare Gospel U.S. House (NV-1) UNLVmarker, Oregon Statemarker, Coloradomarker 2001 1958
2 New Hampshire Gregg, Judd Republican Congregationalist Governor, U.S. House (NH-2) Columbia, Boston Universitymarker 1993 1947
1 New Hampshire Sununu, John E. Republican Roman Catholic U.S. House (NH-1) MITmarker, Harvardmarker 2003 1964
1 New Jersey Lautenberg, Frank Democratic Jewish U.S. Senate, Class 1 Columbia 2003 1924
3 New Jersey Menendez, Bob Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of Union Citymarker, New Jersey General Assembly, New Jersey Senate, U.S. House (NJ-13) Saint Peter's Collegemarker, Rutgersmarker 2006 1954
1 New Mexico Domenici, Pete Republican Roman Catholic Albuquerque City Commission Chairman New Mexicomarker, Denvermarker 1973 1932
3 New Mexico Bingaman, Jeff Democratic Methodist State Attorney General Harvardmarker, Stanfordmarker 1983 1943
2 New York Schumer, Chuck Democratic Jewish New York State Assembly, U.S. House (NY-9) Harvardmarker (BA, JD) 1999 1950
3 New York Clinton, Hillary Rodham Democratic Methodist First Lady, Lawyer Wellesleymarker, Yalemarker 2001 1947
1 North Carolina Dole, Elizabeth Republican Methodist Secretary of Labor, President of the American Red Cross Dukemarker, Harvardmarker 2003 1936
2 North Carolina Burr, Richard Republican Methodist U.S. House (NC-5) Wake Forestmarker 2005 1955
3 North Dakota Conrad, Kent Democratic Unitarian Universalist State Tax Commissioner Stanfordmarker, George Washingtonmarker 1987 1948
2 North Dakota Dorgan, Byron Democratic Lutheran U.S. House (ND-At Large) North Dakota, Denvermarker 1993 1942
2 Ohio Voinovich, George Republican Roman Catholic Mayor of Cleveland; Governor Ohiomarker, Ohio Statemarker 1999 1936
3 Ohio Brown, Sherrod Democratic Lutheran State Secretary of State, U.S. House (OH-13) Yalemarker, Ohio Statemarker 2007 1952
1 Oklahoma Inhofe, Jim Republican Presbyterian Oklahoma House of Rep; Oklahoma Senate; Mayor of Tulsamarker; U.S. House (OK-1) Tulsamarker 1995 1934
2 Oklahoma Coburn, Tom Republican Baptist Physician, U.S. House (OK-2) Oklahoma Statemarker, Oklahomamarker 2005 1948
2 Oregon Wyden, Ron Democratic Jewish U.S. House (OR-3) Stanfordmarker, Oregonmarker 1996 1949
1 Oregon Smith, Gordon Republican LDS State Senate President Brigham Youngmarker, Southwesternmarker 1997 1952
2 Pennsylvania Specter, Arlen Republican Jewish Philadelphia District Attorney Pennsylvaniamarker, Yalemarker 1981 1930
3 Pennsylvania Casey, Bob, Jr. Democratic Roman Catholic State Treasurer Holy Cross, Catholic 2007 1960
1 Rhode Island Reed, Jack Democratic Roman Catholic State Senate; U.S. House (RI-2) United States Military Academymarker, Harvardmarker 1997 1949
3 Rhode Island Whitehouse, Sheldon Democratic Episcopalian State Attorney General Yalemarker, Virginiamarker 2007 1955
1 South Carolina Graham, Lindsey Republican Southern Baptist U.S. House (SC-3) South Carolinamarker (BA, JD) 2003 1955
2 South Carolina DeMint, Jim Republican Presbyterian U.S. House (SC-4) Tennesseemarker, Clemson Universitymarker 2005 1951
1 South Dakota Johnson, Tim Democratic Lutheran U.S. House (SD-At Large) South Dakota (BA, MPA, JD) 1997 1946
2 South Dakota Thune, John Republican Evangelical Christian U.S. House (SD-At Large) Biolamarker, South Dakota 2005 1961
1 Tennessee Alexander, Lamar Republican Presbyterian Governor; U.S. Secretary of Education Vanderbiltmarker, New York Universitymarker 2003 1940
3 Tennessee Corker, Bob Republican Presbyterian Mayor of Chattanoogamarker Tennesseemarker 2007 1952
3 Texas Hutchison, Kay Bailey Republican Episcopalian State Treasurer Texasmarker (BA, JD) 1993 1943
1 Texas Cornyn, John Republican Church of Christ State Attorney General Trinity University, St. Mary's Universitymarker, Virginiamarker 2003 1952
3 Utah Hatch, Orrin Republican LDS attorney Brigham Youngmarker, Pittsburghmarker 1977 1934
2 Utah Bennett, Robert Republican LDS businessman Utahmarker 1993 1933
2 Vermont Leahy, Patrick Democratic Roman Catholic Chittenden Countymarker State's Attorney St. Michael's College, Georgetownmarker 1975 1940
3 Vermont Sanders, Bernie Independent Jewish U.S. House (VT-At Large) Collegemarker, Chicagomarker 2007 1941
1 Virginia Warner, John Republican Episcopalian U.S. Secretary of the Navy Washington and Leemarker, Virginiamarker 1979 1927
3 Virginia Webb, Jim Democratic Protestant U.S. Secretary of the Navy U.S.marker Naval Academymarker, Southern Californiamarker, Georgetown Universitymarker 2007 1946
2 Washington Murray, Patty Democratic Roman Catholic State Senate Washington Statemarker 1993 1950
3 Washington Cantwell, Maria Democratic Roman Catholic Washington State House of Representatives, U.S. House (WA-1) Miami Universitymarker 2001 1958
3 West Virginia Byrd, Robert Democratic Baptist U.S. House (WV-6) Marshallmarker, Americanmarker 1959 1917
1 West Virginia Rockefeller, Jay Democratic Presbyterian Governor Harvardmarker 1985 1937
3 Wisconsin Kohl, Herb Democratic Jewish State Democratic Party chairman Wisconsin–Madisonmarker, Harvardmarker 1989 1935
2 Wisconsin Feingold, Russ Democratic Jewish State Senate Wisconsin–Madisonmarker, Oxfordmarker, Harvardmarker 1993 1953
1 Wyoming Enzi, Mike Republican Presbyterian Mayor of Gillettemarker; Wyoming House of Representatives; State Senate George Washingtonmarker, Denvermarker 1997 1944
3 Wyoming Thomas, Craig Republican Methodist U.S. House (WY-At Large) Wyomingmarker 1995 1933
3 Wyoming Barrasso, John Republican Presbyterian State Senate Georgetownmarker (BS, MD) 2007 1952

House of Representatives


Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party current to May 2008.

Region Democrats Republicans Vacant Total States as defined in the US Census
New Englandmarker 21 1 22 CTmarker, MAmarker, MEmarker, NHmarker, RImarker, VTmarker
Mid-Atlantic 47 23 70 DEmarker, MDmarker, NJmarker, NYmarker, PAmarker
Midwest 34 35 69 MImarker, ILmarker, INmarker, OHmarker, WImarker
Great Plainsmarker 16 15 31 IAmarker, KSmarker, MNmarker, MOmarker, NDmarker, NEmarker, SDmarker
South Atlantic 29 41 1 71 FLmarker, GAmarker, NCmarker, SCmarker, VAmarker, WVmarker
South Central 32 42 74 ALmarker, ARmarker, KYmarker, LAmarker, MSmarker, OKmarker, TNmarker, TXmarker
Mountain 11 17 28 AZmarker, COmarker, IDmarker, MTmarker, NMmarker, NVmarker, UTmarker, WYmarker
Pacific 46 24 70 AKmarker, CAmarker, HImarker, ORmarker, WAmarker
Total 236 198 1 435

Partisan mix of the House by state
State ranked in partisan order Percentage




seat plurality
Massachusetts 100% 0% 10/0 10
Hawaii 100% 0% 2/0 2
Maine 100% 0% 2/0 2
New Hampshire 100% 0% 2/0 2
Rhode Island 100% 0% 2/0 2
North Dakota 100% 0% 1/0 1
South Dakota 100% 0% 1/0 1
Vermont 100% 0% 1/0 1
Connecticut 80% 20% 4/1 3
Oregon 80% 20% 4/1 3
New York 79% 21% 23/6 17
Maryland 75% 25% 6/2 4
Arkansas 75% 25% 3/1 2
Washington 67% 33% 6/3 3
West Virginia 67% 33% 2/1 1
California 64% 36% 34/19 15
Minnesota 63% 38% 5/3 2
Wisconsin 63% 38% 5/3 2
Iowa 60% 40% 3/2 1
Pennsylvania 58% 42% 11/8 3
Colorado 57% 43% 4/3 1
Indiana 56% 44% 5/4 1
Tennessee 56% 44% 5/4 1
New Jersey 54% 46% 7/6 1
North Carolina 54% 46% 7/6 1
United States 54% 46% 233/202 31
Illinois 53% 47% 10/9 1
Arizona 50% 50% 4/4 0
Kansas 50% 50% 2/2 0
Mississippi 50% 50% 2/2 0
Georgia 46% 54% 6/7 -1
Missouri 44% 56% 4/5 -1
Texas 41% 59% 13/19 -5
Michigan 40% 60% 6/9 -3
Ohio 39% 61% 7/11 -4
Florida 36% 64% 9/16 -7
Nevada 33% 67% 1/2 -1
New Mexico 33% 67% 1/2 -1
Utah 33% 67% 1/2 -1
Kentucky 33% 67% 2/4 -2
South Carolina 33% 67% 2/4 -2
Alabama 29% 71% 2/5 -3
Louisiana 29% 71% 2/5 -3
Virginia 27% 73% 3/8 -5
Oklahoma 20% 80% 1/4 -3
Alaska 0% 100% 0/1 -1
Delaware 0% 100% 0/1 -1
Montana 0% 100% 0/1 -1
Wyoming 0% 100% 0/1 -1
Idaho 0% 100% 0/2 -2
Nebraska 0% 100% 0/3 -3
State ranked in partisan order Percentage




seat plurality

Voting members by state

District Name Party Religion Prior Experience Education Assumed Office Born In
Bonner, Jo Republican Episcopalian congressional aide University of Alabamamarker 2003 1959
Everett, Terry Republican Baptist journalist, newspaper publisher Enterprise State Junior College (attended) 1993 1937
Rogers, Mike Republican Baptist Calhoun Countymarker Commissioner, State House of Representatives Jacksonville State Universitymarker, Birmingham School of Law 2003 1958
Aderholt, Robert Republican Congregationalist Haleyvillemarker Municipal Judge Birmingham-Southernmarker, Samfordmarker, Cumberland School of Lawmarker 1997 1965
Cramer, Bud Democratic Methodist Madison Countymarker District Attorney University of Alabamamarker 1991 1947
Bachus, Spencer Republican Baptist state Republican Party chairman Auburnmarker, University of Alabamamarker 1993 1947
Davis, Artur Democratic Lutheran Assistant U.S. Attorney Harvardmarker 2003 1967
Young, Don Republican Episcopalian State Senate, ship captain, mayor of Fort Yukonmarker California State University, Chicomarker 1973* 1933
Renzi, Rick Republican Roman Catholic insurance executive Northern Arizonamarker, Catholicmarker 2003 1958
Franks, Trent Republican Baptist non-profit program manager, policy consultant Ottawa (attended) 2003 1957
Shadegg, John Republican Episcopalian lawyer Arizonamarker 1995 1949
Pastor, Ed Democratic Roman Catholic Maricopa Countymarker Board of Supervisors, Teacher Arizona Statemarker, Arizona 1991* 1943
Mitchell, Harry Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of Tempemarker, State Senate Arizona State 2007 1947
Flake, Jeff Republican LDS non-profit program manager Brigham Youngmarker 2001 1962
Grijalva, Raúl Democratic Roman Catholic Pima Countymarker Board of Supervisors Arizona 2003 1948
Giffords, Gabrielle Democratic Jewish State Senate Scrippsmarker, Cornellmarker 2007 1970
Berry, Marion Democratic Methodist pharmacist, farmer Arkansasmarker 1997 1942
Snyder, Vic Democratic Methodist physician, State Senate Willamettemarker, Oregonmarker, Arkansas 1997 1947
Boozman, John Republican Baptist optometrist Southern College of Optometrymarker, Arkansas 2001 1950
Ross, Mike Democratic Methodist financial executive, State Senate Arkansas 2001 1961
Thompson, Mike Democratic Roman Catholic military, State Senate Chico Statemarker 1999 1951
Herger, Wally Republican LDS State Assembly California State University, Sacramentomarker (attended) 1987 1945
Lungren, Dan Republican Roman Catholic State Attorney General Notre Damemarker, Georgetownmarker 2005 1946
Doolittle, John Republican LDS State Senate University of California at Santa Cruzmarker, McGeorge School of Law 1991 1950
Matsui, Doris Democratic Methodist law firm director University of California, Berkeleymarker 2005* 1944
Woolsey, Lynn Democratic Presbyterian Petalumamarker City Council member,Teacher University of Washingtonmarker, University of San Franciscomarker 1993 1937
Miller, George Democratic Roman Catholic State Senate San Francisco State Universitymarker, University of California, Davismarker 1975 1945
Pelosi, Nancy Democratic Roman Catholic San Franciscomarker Board of Supervisors Trinity Washington Universitymarker 1987 1940
Lee, Barbara Democratic Baptist State Senate Mills Collegemarker, University of California, Berkeley 1998* 1946
Tauscher, Ellen Democratic Roman Catholic investment banker Seton Hall Universitymarker 1997 1951
McNerney, Jerry Democratic Roman Catholic engineering executive University of New Mexicomarker 2007 1951
Speier, Jackie Democratic Roman Catholic California State Senator UC Davismarker, UC Lawmarker 2008 1950
Stark, Pete Democratic Atheist Banking executive Massachusetts Institute of Technologymarker, University of California, Berkeley 1973 1931
Eshoo, Anna Democratic Roman Catholic San Mateo Countymarker Board of Supervisors Cañada College, Menlo Collegemarker 1993 1942
Honda, Mike Democratic Protestant Santa Clara Countymarker Board of Supervisors, State Assembly San Jose State Universitymarker 2001 1941
Lofgren, Zoe Democratic Christian Santa Clara Countymarker Board of Supervisors Stanford Universitymarker, Santa Clara Universitymarker 1995 1947
Farr, Sam Democratic Episcopalian State Assembly Willamette University, Santa Clara University, Monterey Institute of International Studies 1993 1941
Cardoza, Dennis Democratic Roman Catholic State Assembly University of Maryland, College Parkmarker 2003 1959
Radanovich, George Republican Roman Catholic Mariposa Countymarker Board of Supervisors California Polytechnic State Universitymarker 1995 1955
Costa, Jim Democratic Roman Catholic State Assembly Fresno State Universitymarker 2005 1952
Nunes, Devin Republican Roman Catholic Director of Rural Development with the United States Department of Agriculture College of the Sequoias, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo 2003 1973
McCarthy, Kevin Republican Baptist State Assembly California State University, Bakersfield 2007 1965
Capps, Lois Democratic Lutheran nurse, teacher Pacific Lutheran University, Yale University, University of California, Santa Barbara 1998* 1938
Gallegly, Elton Republican Protestant Simi Valley City Council Member Huntington Park High School 1987 1944
McKeon, Howard Republican LDS Mayor of Santa Clarita, Santa Clarita City Council Member Brigham Young University 1993 1938
Dreier, David Republican Christian Scientist director of corporate relations Claremont McKenna College, Claremont Graduate School 1981 1952
Sherman, Brad Democratic Jewish lawyer, accountant University of California, Los Angeles, Harvard Law School 1997 1954
Berman, Howard Democratic Jewish State Assembly University of California, Los Angeles 1983 1941
Schiff, Adam Democratic Jewish State Senate Stanford University, Harvard University 2001 1960
Waxman, Henry Democratic Jewish State Assembly University of California, Los Angeles 1975 1939
Becerra, Xavier Democratic Roman Catholic State Assembly Stanford University 1993 1958
Solis, Hilda Democratic Roman Catholic State Senate California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, University of Southern California 2001 1957
Watson, Diane Democratic Roman Catholic U.S. Ambassador to Micronesia University of California, Los Angeles 2001 1933
Roybal-Allard, Lucille Democratic Roman Catholic public relations executive California State University, Los Angeles 1993 1941
Waters, Maxine Democratic Christian State Assembly California State University, Los Angeles 1991 1938
Harman, Jane Democratic Jewish professor of public policy Smith Collegemarker, Harvard Law Schoolmarker 2001 1945
Richardson, Laura Democratic Methodist Long Beachmarker City Council and assistant speaker pro tempore of the California State Assembly University of California, Los Angelesmarker 2007 1962
Napolitano, Grace Democratic Roman Catholic State Assembly Texas Southmost College 1999 1936
Sanchez, Linda Democratic Roman Catholic attorney University of California, Berkeley, University of California, Los Angeles 2003 1969
Royce, Ed Republican Roman Catholic State Senate California State University, Fullerton 1993 1951
Lewis, Jerry Republican Presbyterian State Assembly University of California, Los Angelesmarker 1979 1934
Miller, Gary Republican Protestant State Assembly Mount San Antonio College 1999 1948
Baca, Joe Democratic Roman Catholic State Senate University of California, Los Angeles 1999 1947
Calvert, Ken Republican Protestant real estate executive Chaffey College, San Diego State University 1993 1953
Bono Mack, Mary Republican Protestant congressional aide University of Southern California 1998 1961
Rohrabacher, Dana Republican Baptist special assistant to Ronald Reagan California State University, Long Beach, University of Southern California 1989 1947
Sanchez, Loretta Democratic Roman Catholic financial analyst Chapman University, American University 1997 1960
Campbell, John Republican Presbyterian State Assembly University of California, Los Angeles, University of Southern California 2005 1955
Issa, Darrell Republican Protestant electronics executive Kent State University Stark, Siena Heights College 2001 1953
Bilbray, Brian Republican Roman Catholic U.S. House, lobbyist Southwestern College 2006 1951
Filner, Bob Democratic Jewish congressional aide San Diego State University 1993 1942
Hunter, Duncan Republican Baptist attorney Western State University College of Law 1981 1946
Davis, Susan Democratic Jewish State Assembly University of California, Berkeley, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 2001 1944
DeGette, Diana Democratic Presbyterian State House of Representatives Colorado College 1997 1957
Udall, Mark Democratic Unspecified State House of Representatives Williams College 1999 1950
Salazar, John Democratic Roman Catholic State House of Representatives U.S. Military Academy 2005 1953
Musgrave, Marilyn Republican Assembly of God State House of Representatives Colorado State University 2003 1949
Lamborn, Doug Republican Christian State Senate University of Kansas 2007 1954
Tancredo, Thomas Republican Presbyterian State House of Representatives University of Northern Colorado 1999 1945
Perlmutter, Ed Democratic Protestant State Senate University of Colorado 2007 1953
Larson, John Democratic Roman Catholic State Senate Central Connecticut State University 1999 1948
Courtney, Joe Democratic Roman Catholic State House of Representatives Tufts University 2007 1953
DeLauro, Rosa Democratic Roman Catholic EMILY's List director Marymount College 1991 1943
Shays, Chris Republican Christian Scientist State House of Representatives New York University 1987 1945
Murphy, Chris Democratic Protestant Connecticut House of Representatives, State Senate Williams College 2007 1973
Castle, Michael Republican Roman Catholic Delaware General Assembly, Governor Hamilton College, Georgetown 1993 1939
Miller, Jeff Republican Methodist real estate broker, deputy sheriff University of Florida 2001 1959
Boyd, Allen Democratic Methodist State House of Representatives Florida State University 1997 1945
Brown, Corrine Democratic Baptist State House of Representatives Florida A&M University 1993 1946
Crenshaw, Ander Republican Episcopalian Florida House of Representatives, State Senate University of Georgia, University of Florida 2001 1944
Brown-Waite, Ginny Republican Roman Catholic Hernando County Commissoner, President Pro Tem of the Florida State Senate State University of New York at Albany 2003 1943
Stearns, Cliff Republican Presbyterian military George Washington University, University of California at Los Angeles 1989 1941
Mica, John Republican Episcopalian State House of Representatives University of Florida 1993 1943
Keller, Ric Republican Methodist attorney Vanderbilt University 2001 1964
Bilirakis, Gus Republican Eastern Orthodox lawyer, State House of Representatives University of Florida 2007 1963
Young, Bill Republican Methodist State Senate Army National Guard 1971 1930
Castor, Kathy Democratic Presbyterian Assistant General Counsel to the Florida Department of Community Affairs, President of the Florida Association of Women Lawyers, Hillsborough Countymarker Board of Commissioners Emory University 2007 1966
Putnam, Adam Republican Episcopalian State House of Representatives University of Florida 2001 1974
Buchanan, Vern Republican Baptist auto dealer Cleary University 2007 1951
Mack, Connie Republican Roman Catholic State House of Representatives University of Florida 2005 1967
Weldon, Dave Republican Christian military State University of New York 1995 1953
Mahoney, Tim Democratic Methodist COO of assest management company West Virginia Universitymarker, George Washington University 2007 1956
Meek, Kendrick Democratic Baptist State Senate Florida A&M University 2003 1966
Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana Republican Episcopalian Florida House of Representatives, State Senate Florida International University, University of Miamimarker 1989 1952
Wexler, Robert Democratic Jewish Florida House of Representatives; State Senate University of Florida 1997 1961
Wasserman Schultz, Debbie Democratic Jewish State Senate University of Florida 2005 1966
Diaz-Balart, Lincoln Republican Roman Catholic lawyer New College of Florida 1993 1954
Klein, Ron Democratic Jewish lawyer, State House of Representatives Ohio State, Case Western Law 2007 1957
Hastings, Alcee Democratic AME lawyer, District Court judge Fisk University 1993 1936
Feeney, Tom Republican Presbyterian lawyer; State House of Representatives Penn State; Pitt Law 2003 1958
Diaz-Balart, Mario Republican Roman Catholic aide to Miamimarker Mayor Xavier Suarez; State House of Representatives South Florida 2003 1961
Kingston, Jack Republican Episcopalian agribusiness, insurance executive University of Georgia 1993 1955
Bishop, Sanford Democratic Baptist State Senate Morehouse Collegemarker 1993 1947
Westmoreland, Lynn Republican Baptist State House of Representatives Georgia State Universitymarker (attended) 2003 1950
Johnson, Hank Democratic Buddhist lawyer, DeKalb Countymarker Commission Clark Atlanta University 2007 1954
Lewis, John Democratic Baptist Atlantamarker City Council American Baptist Theological Seminary 1987 1940
Price, Tom Republican Presbyterian State Senate University of Michigan 2005 1954
Linder, John Republican Presbyterian State House of Representatives University of Minnesota 1993 1942
Marshall, Jim Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of Maconmarker Princeton Universitymarker, Boston Universitymarker 2005 1948
Deal, Nathan Republican Baptist State Senate Mercer Universitymarker 1993 1942
Broun, Paul Republican Baptist physician University of Georgiamarker, Medical College of Georgiamarker 2007 1946
Gingrey, Phil Republican Roman Catholic State Senate Medical College of Georgiamarker 2003 1942
Barrow, John Democratic Baptist Athensmarker-Clarke Countymarker city/county commissioner University of Georgia 2005 1955
Scott, David Democratic Baptist State Senate Florida A&M University 2003 1946
Abercrombie, Neil Democratic Non-Affiliated Honolulumarker City Council; State Senate Union Collegemarker, University of Hawaii 1991 1938
Hirono, Mazie Democratic Buddhist Hawaii House of Representatives, Lieutenant Governor University of Hawaii, Georgetownmarker 2007 1947
Sali, Bill Republican Evangelical State House of Representatives University of Idahomarker 2007 1954
Simpson, Mike Republican LDS dentist, Blackfootmarker City Council, Speaker of the Idaho House of Representatives Utah State University 1999 1950
Rush, Bobby Democratic Protestant Chicagomarker City Council, insurance agent Roosevelt University, University of Illinois, McCormick Theological Seminary 1993 1946
Jackson Jr., Jesse Democratic Baptist community organizer North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State, Chicago Theological Seminarymarker, University of Illinois 1995 1965
Lipinski, Dan Democratic Roman Catholic college professor Northwesternmarker, Stanfordmarker, Dukemarker 2005 1966
Gutierrez, Luis Democratic Roman Catholic Chicago City Council, teacher, social worker Northeastern Illinois Universitymarker 1993 1953
Emanuel, Rahm Democratic Jewish investment banker Sarah Lawrence Collegemarker, Northwestern 2003 1959
Roskam, Peter Republican Anglican State Senate University of Illinoismarker, Chicago Kent College of Law 2007 1961
Davis, Danny Democratic Baptist Chicago City Council, Cook Countymarker Board of Commissioners Arkansas AM & N, Chicago State, Union Institute and University 1997 1941
Bean, Melissa Democratic Eastern Orthodox consulting firm director Roosevelt University 2005 1962
Schakowsky, Jan Democratic Jewish State House of Representatives University of Illinoismarker 1999 1944
Kirk, Mark Republican Congregationalist Counsel to House International Relations Committee Cornell Universitymarker, London School of Economicsmarker, Georgetown, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexicomarker (attended) 2001 1959
Weller, Jerry Republican Christian State House of Representatives University of Illinois 1995 1957
Costello, Jerry Democratic Roman Catholic chief investigator, Illinois State Attorney's office Maryville College of the Sacred Heart 1988* 1949
Biggert, Judy Republican Episcopalian State House of Representatives Stanford, Northwestern 1999 1937
Foster, Bill Democratic Fermi National Accelerator Laboratorymarker University of Wisconsin–Madisonmarker, Harvard Universitymarker 2008 1955
Johnson, Tim Republican Assembly of God Urbanamarker City Council, Illinois House of Representatives attorney West Point, Illinois, University of Illinois College of Law 2001 1946
Manzullo, Donald Republican Baptist attorney American University, Marquette 1993 1944
Hare, Phil Democratic Roman Catholic congressional aide, union leader Alleman High School 2007 1949
LaHood, Ray Republican Roman Catholic congressional aide, teacher, state House of Representatives Bradley Universitymarker 1995 1945
Shimkus, John Republican Lutheran Madison Countymarker treasurer U.S. Military Academy, Southern Illinois University 1997 1958
Visclosky, Pete Democratic Roman Catholic attorney, congressional staff member Indiana University Northwestmarker, Notre Dame Law School, Georgetown 1985 1949
Donnelly, Joe Democratic Roman Catholic lawyer, printing executive Notre Damemarker 2007 1955
Souder, Mark Republican Evangelical U.S. Senate staff member IPFW, Notre Dame 1995 1950
Buyer, Steve Republican Methodist legal counsel, military The Citadelmarker, Valparaiso University School of Law 1993 1958
Burton, Dan Republican Christian Indiana House of Representatives; State Senate Indiana, Cincinnati Bible Seminary 1983 1938
Pence, Mike Republican Christian attorney, radio talk show host Hanover Collegemarker, Indiana University School of Law - Indianapolismarker 2001 1959
Carson, André Democratic Muslim Indianapolis City-County Council member Concordia University Wisconsin, Indiana Wesleyan University 2008 1974
Ellsworth, Brad Democratic Roman Catholic Sheriff of Vanderburgh Countymarker Indiana State Universitymarker 2007 1958
Hill, Baron Democratic Church of Christ State House of Representatives, U.S. House Furman Universitymarker 2007 1953
Braley, Bruce Democratic Presbyterian lawyer Iowa State Universitymarker, University of Iowamarker 2007 1957
Loebsack, David Democratic Methodist political science professor at Cornell Collegemarker Iowa State University 2007 1952
Boswell, Leonard Democratic Community of Christ State Senatemarker Graceland University 1997 1934
Latham, Tom Republican Lutheran agribusiness Iowa State University 1995 1948
King, Steve Republican Roman Catholic State Senate Northwest Missouri State Universitymarker (attended) 2003 1949
Moran, Jerry Republican Methodist State Senate Majority Leader University of Kansasmarker, Fort Hays State Universitymarker (attended) 1997 1954
Boyda, Nancy Democratic Methodist analytical chemist William Jewell College 2007 1955
Moore, Dennis Democratic Protestant attorney University of Kansas, Washburn Universitymarker 1999 1945
Tiahrt, Todd Republican Assembly of God Kansas State Senate Evangel College, Southwest Missouri State Universitymarker 1995 1951
Whitfield, Ed Republican Methodist Kentucky House of Representatives,attorney University of Kentuckymarker, Wesley Theological Seminary 1995 1943
Lewis, Ron Republican Baptist State House of Representatives, minister Kentucky, Morehead State Universitymarker, Southern Baptist Theological Seminarymarker 1994* 1946
Yarmuth, John Democratic Jewish newspaper publisher Yale Universitymarker 2007 1947
Davis, Geoff Republican Baptist manufacturing consultant U.S. Military Academy 2005 1958
Rogers, Hal Republican Baptist attorney University of Kentucky 1981 1937
Chandler, Ben Democratic Presbyterian State Auditor, Kentucky Attorney General University of Kentucky 2004* 1959
Scalise, Steve Republican Roman Catholic Louisiana State Legislature Louisiana State Universitymarker 2008 1965
Jefferson, William Democratic Baptist State Senate Southern Universitymarker, Harvard University 1991 1947
Melancon, Charlie Democratic Roman Catholic industry association president University of Southwestern Louisiana 2005 1947
McCrery, Jim Republican Methodist corporate attorney Louisiana Tech 1988* 1949
Alexander, Rodney Republican Baptist State House of Representatives Louisiana Tech 2003 1946
Cazayoux, Don Democratic Roman Catholic Louisiana State Legislature Louisiana State Universitymarker 2008 1964
Boustany, Charles Republican Episcopalian general surgeon University of Southwestern Louisiana, Louisiana State 2005 1956
Allen, Tom Democratic Protestant Mayor of Portlandmarker Bowdoin Collegemarker, Wadham Collegemarker, Harvard University 1997 1945
Michaud, Mike Democratic Roman Catholic Maine State Legislature Unity College 2001 1955
Gilchrest, Wayne Republican Methodist teacher Delaware State College 1991 1946
Ruppersberger, Dutch Democratic Methodist Baltimore County Executive University of Marylandmarker, University of Baltimore 2003 1946
Sarbanes, John Democratic Eastern Orthodox lawyer Princeton Universitymarker, Harvard Law School 2007 1962
Edwards, Donna Democratic   community activist Wake Forest Universitymarker, Franklin Pierce Law Centermarker 2008 1958
Hoyer, Steny Democratic Baptist State Senate President Maryland, Georgetown 1981 1939
Bartlett, Roscoe Republican Adventist education, private sector Columbia Union, Maryland 1993 1926
Cummings, Elijah Democratic Baptist State House of Delegates Howard, Maryland 1996 1951
Van Hollen, Chris Democratic Episcopalian Maryland House of Delegates, Maryland State Senate Swarthmoremarker, Harvard University, Georgetown University 2003 1959
Olver, John Democratic Non-Affiliated Massachusetts State Legislature college professor Rensselaermarker, Tuftsmarker, MITmarker 1991* 1936
Neal, Richard Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of Springfieldmarker American International Collegemarker, University of Hartfordmarker 1989 1949
McGovern, Jim Democratic Roman Catholic congressional staff member American Universitymarker 1997 1959
Frank, Barney Democratic Jewish Massachusetts House of Representatives Harvardmarker 1981 1940
Tsongas, Niki Democratic Eastern Orthodox Dean of External Affairs at Middlesex Community Collegemarker Smith Collegemarker, Boston Universitymarker 2007 1946
Tierney, John Democratic Non-Affiliated attorney Salem State Collegemarker, Suffolk Universitymarker 1997 1951
Markey, Ed Democratic Roman Catholic State House of Representatives Boston Collegemarker, Boston College Law School 1976 1946
Capuano, Mike Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of Somervillemarker Dartmouth Collegemarker, Boston College Law School 1999 1952
Lynch, Stephen Democratic Roman Catholic Massachusetts State Legislature Wentworth Institute of Technologymarker, Boston College Law School 2001* 1955
Delahunt, Bill Democratic Roman Catholic Norfolk Countymarker District Attorney Middlebury Collegemarker, Boston College Law School 1997 1941
Stupak, Bart Democratic Roman Catholic attorney, State House of Representatives Northwestern Michigan College, Saginaw Valley State College, Thomas M. Cooley Law School 1993 1952
Hoekstra, Pete Republican Christian Reformed manufacturing executive Hope Collegemarker, Ross School of Business 1993 1953
Ehlers, Vern Republican Christian Reformed Kent Countymarker board of commissioners, Michigan State Legislature Berkeley, Calvin Collegemarker (attended) 1993 1934
Camp, Dave Republican Roman Catholic State House of Representatives Albion College, University of San Diego School of Law, University of Sussexmarker (attended) 1991 1953
Kildee, Dale Democratic Roman Catholic State House of Representatives, State Senate Sacred Heart Seminarymarker, University of Detroitmarker, University of Peshawar (attended) 1977 1929
Upton, Fred Republican Protestant U.S. government administrator Michigan 1987 1953
Walberg, Tim Republican Protestant State House of Representatives Fort Wayne Bible College 2007 1951
Rogers, Mike Republican Methodist State Senate Adrian College 2001 1963
Knollenberg, Joe Republican Roman Catholic insurance agent Eastern Illinois University 1993 1933
Miller, Candice Republican Presbyterian Harrison Townshipmarker Supervisor, Macomb County Treasurer, State Secretary of State Macomb County Community College, Northwood Institute 2003 1954
McCotter, Thaddeus Republican Roman Catholic Wayne Countymarker Commission, State Senate University of Detroit 2003 1965
Levin, Sander Democratic Jewish U.S. Government administrator University of Chicago, Columbia, Harvard Law School 1983 1931
Kilpatrick, Carolyn Cheeks Democratic Baptist high school teacher, State House of Representatives Western Michigan Universitymarker, Michigan, Ferris State Universitymarker (attended) 1997 1945
Conyers, John Democratic Baptist congressional aide Wayne State Universitymarker 1965 1929
Dingell, John Democratic Roman Catholic asst. prosecutor, Wayne Countymarker Georgetown 1955* 1926
Walz, Tim Democratic-Farmer-Labor Lutheran Command Sergeant Major in the National Guard, teacher Chadron State College 2007 1964
Kline, John Republican Methodist U.S. Marine Corps colonel Rice University, Shippensburg Universitymarker 2003 1947
Ramstad, Jim Republican Protestant State Senate University of Minnesotamarker, George Washington University Law School 1991 1946
McCollum, Betty Democratic-Farmer-Labor Roman Catholic North St. Paulmarker City Council, State House of Representatives College of St. Catherine 2001 1954
Ellison, Keith Democratic-Farmer-Labor Muslim State House of Representatives Wayne State University, University of Minnesota Law Schoolmarker 2007 1963
Bachmann, Michele Republican Evangelical Lutheran Education adviser for Minnesota Family Institute, State Senate Winona State Universitymarker, Oral Roberts Universitymarker, Marshall-Wythe School of Law 2007 1956
Peterson, Collin Democratic-Farmer-Labor Lutheran Certified Public Accountant, Minnesota State Senate Moorhead State University 1991 1944
Oberstar, Jim Democratic-Farmer-Labor Roman Catholic U.S. Marine Corps, chief staff assistant to Representative John Blatnik College of St. Thomasmarker, College of Europe, Laval Universitymarker, Georgetown Universitymarker 1975 1934
Childers, Travis Democratic Baptist Prentiss County Chancery Court Clerk University of Mississippimarker 2008 1958
Thompson, Bennie Democratic Methodist alderman, mayor of Boltonmarker, Hinds Countymarker Board of Supervisors Tougaloo College, Jackson State University 1993* 1948
Pickering, Chip Republican Baptist congressional aide Ole Miss, Baylor Universitymarker 1997 1963
Taylor, Gene Democratic Roman Catholic U.S. Coast Guard, Bay St. Louismarker City Council, State Senate Tulane, University of Southern Mississippi, Gulf Park 1989* 1953
Clay Jr., William Lacy Democratic Roman Catholic Missouri State Legislature University of Maryland, Harvard 2001 1956
Akin, Todd Republican Christian Missouri National Guard, State House of Representativesmarker Worcester Polytechnic Institutemarker 2001 1947
Carnahan, Russ Democratic Methodist State House of Representatives University of Missourimarker 2005 1958
Skelton, Ike Democratic Disciples of Christ State Senate University of Missourimarker, University of Edinburgh (attended) 1977 1931
Cleaver, Emanuel Democratic Methodist Mayor of Kansas Citymarker, pastor, radio show host Prairie View A&Mmarker, St. Paul School of Divinity 2005 1944
Graves, Sam Republican Baptist State Senate University of Missourimarker 2001 1963
Blunt, Roy Republican Baptist State Secretary of State Southwest Baptist University 1997 1950
Emerson, Jo Ann Republican Presbyterian professional advocate Ohio Wesleyan Universitymarker 1996* 1950
Hulshof, Kenny Republican Roman Catholic Assistant State Attorney General University of Missourimarker, University of Mississippi Law School 1997 1958
Rehberg, Denny Republican Episcopalian Montana House of Representatives, Lieutenant Governor, rancher Montana State Universitymarker, Washington State Universitymarker 2001 1955
Fortenberry, Jeff Republican Roman Catholic Lincolnmarker city council, businessman Louisiana State University, Georgetown, Franciscan University of Steubenville 2005 1960
Terry, Lee Republican Methodist Omahamarker City Council, attorney Nebraska, Creighton Universitymarker 1999 1962
Smith, Adrian Republican Christian Geringmarker City Council, State Legislator University of Nebraska 2007 1970
Berkley, Shelley Democratic Jewish State Assemblymarker; attorney UNLV, San Diego 1999 1951
Heller, Dean Republican LDS Nevada Assemblymarker, State Secretary of State University of Southern Californiamarker 2007 1960
Porter, Jon Republican Roman Catholic Nevada Senate; insurance executive Briar Cliff 2003 1955
Shea-Porter, Carol Democratic Roman Catholic social worker, Rochestermarker City Council University of New Hampshiremarker 2007 1955
Hodes, Paul Democratic Jewish lawyer Dartmouth Collegemarker, Boston Collegemarker 2007 1951
Andrews, Rob Democratic Episcopalian Camden Countymarker Board of Chosen Freeholders Bucknellmarker, Cornell 1990 1957
LoBiondo, Frank Republican Roman Catholic New Jersey General Assembly St. Joseph's Universitymarker 2003 1946
Saxton, Jim Republican Methodist New Jersey Senate East Stroudsburg Universitymarker, Temple Universitymarker 1984 1943
Smith, Chris Republican Roman Catholic retail executive Trenton State Collegemarker 1980 1953
Garrett, Scott Republican Protestant New Jersey General Assembly Montclair Statemarker, Rutgers Universitymarker 2003 1959
Pallone, Frank Democratic Roman Catholic Long Branch city council, New Jersey Senate Middleburymarker, Tuftsmarker, Rutgersmarker 1989 1951
Ferguson, Mike Republican Roman Catholic teacher Notre Damemarker, Georgetownmarker 2001 1970
Pascrell, Bill Democratic Roman Catholic New Jersey General Assembly, Mayor of Patersonmarker Fordham Universitymarker 1989 1937
Rothman, Steve Democratic Jewish Mayor of Englewoodmarker, Bergen Countymarker Surrogate Court judge Syracuse, Washington University 1997 1952
Payne, Donald Democratic Baptist Newarkmarker City Council Seton Hall, Springfield College 1989 1934
Frelinghuysen, Rodney Republican Episcopalian New Jersey General Assembly Hobart College 1995 1946
Holt Jr., Rush Democratic Quaker physicist Carleton Collegemarker, NYU 1999 1948
Sires, Albio Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of West New Yorkmarker , Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly Saint Peter's, Middlebury 2006* 1951
Wilson, Heather Republican Methodist business development planner United States Air Force Academy 1999 1960
Pearce, Steve Republican Baptist State House of Representatives New Mexico State Universitymarker 2003 1947
Udall, Tom Democratic LDS State Attorney General Prescott College, Cambridge Universitymarker, University of New Mexicomarker 1999 1948
Bishop, Tim Democratic Roman Catholic Provost of Southampton College Holy Cross, LIU 2003 1950
Israel, Steve Democratic Jewish Huntingtonmarker Town Board Nassau Community Collegemarker, George Washington 2001 1958
King, Peter Republican Roman Catholic Hempstead Town Council, Nassau Countymarker Comptroller St. Francis, Notre Dame Law 1993 1944
McCarthy, Carolyn Democratic Roman Catholic Practical Nurse Glen Cove Nursing School 1997 1944
Ackerman, Gary Democratic Jewish New York State Senator; newspaper publisher Queens College 1983 1942
Meeks, Gregory Democratic Baptist New York Assemblyman Adelphi Universitymarker, Howard Universitymarker 1999 1953
Crowley, Joseph Democratic Roman Catholic New York Assemblyman Queens College 1999 1962
Nadler, Jerrold Democratic Jewish New York Assemblyman Columbia University, Fordham Law 1993 1947
Weiner, Anthony Democratic Jewish New York City Councilman , SUNY Plattsburgh 1999 1964
Towns, Ed Democratic Baptist Brooklyn Deputy Borough President North Carlina A&T, Adelphi 1983 1934
Clarke, Yvette Democratic AME New York City Councilwoman Murrow High Schoolattended several colleges, but never graduated 2007 1964
Velázquez, Nydia Democratic Roman Catholic Director, Dept. of Puerto Rican Community Affairs UPR, NYU 1993 1953
Fossella, Vito Republican Roman Catholic New York City Councilman Wharton, Fordham Law 1997 1965
Maloney, Carolyn Democratic Presbyterian New York City Councilwoman Greensboro College 1993 1948
Rangel, Charles Democratic Roman Catholic United States Army Sergeant, attorney, New York Assemblyman NYU, St. John's 1971 1930
Serrano, José Democratic Roman Catholic New York Assemblyman Lehman College 1990 1943
Engel, Eliot Democratic Jewish high school teacher, New York Assemblyman Lehman College, New York Law School 1989 1947
Lowey, Nita Democratic Jewish New York Assistant Secretary of State Mount Holyoke 1989 1937
Hall, John Democratic Christian musician Ulster County Legislature; Saugerties School Board Notre Damemarker never graduated 2007 1948
Gillibrand, Kirsten Democratic Roman Catholic lawyer Dartmouth College 2007 1966
McNulty, Michael Democratic Roman Catholic NY Assemblyman; Mayor of Green Island Holy Crossmarker 1989 1945
Hinchey, Maurice Democratic Roman Catholic New York Assemblyman SUNY New Paltz 1993 1938
McHugh, John Republican Roman Catholic New York State Senator Utica College, Albany 1993 1948
Arcuri, Michael Democratic Roman Catholic Oneida County District Attorney SUNY Albanymarker 2007 1959
Walsh, Jim Republican Roman Catholic Syracuse Common Council St. Bonaventure 1989 1947
Reynolds, Tom Republican Presbyterian New York Assemblyman Kent Statemarker 1999 1950
Higgins, Brian Democratic Roman Catholic Buffalo Common Council,New York State Assemblyman Buffalo State, Harvardmarker 2005 1959
Slaughter, Louise Democratic Episcopalian Monroe Countymarker Legislature, New York Assemblywoman Kentucky 1987 1929
Kuhl, Randy Republican Episcopalian New York State Assembly, New York State Senator Union College, Syracuse Law 2005 1943
Butterfield, G. K. Democratic Baptist North Carolina Supreme Courtmarker Justice North Carolina Central Universitymarker 2004* 1947
Etheridge, Bob Democratic Presbyterian Harnett Countymarker commissioner,North Carolina House of Representatives, Public Schools Administrator, North Carolina Campbell Universitymarker 1997 1941
Jones, Walter Republican Roman Catholic North Carolina House of Representatives Atlantic Christian College 1995 1943
Price, David Democratic Baptist college professor Mars Hill Collegemarker, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker, Yale 1997 1940
Foxx, Virginia Republican Roman Catholic North Carolina State Senate UNC-Chapel Hill, UNC-Greensboro 2005 1943
Coble, Howard Republican Presbyterian NC Secretary of Revenue,

state representative
Guilford Collegemarker, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1985 1931
McIntyre, Mike Democratic Presbyterian attorney University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1997 1956
Hayes, Robin Republican Presbyterian North Carolina House of Representatives Duke 1999 1945
Myrick, Sue Republican Evangelical Methodist Business owner, mayor of Charlottemarker Heidelberg College 1995 1941
McHenry, Patrick Republican Roman Catholic North Carolina House of Representatives NC State, Belmont Abbey College 2005 1975
Shuler, Heath Democratic Baptist National Football League quarterback, real estate developer University of Tennesseemarker 2007 1971
Watt, Mel Democratic Presbyterian attorney, State Senate University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Yale Law School 1993 1945
Miller, Brad Democratic Episcopalian North Carolina House of Representatives, State Senate University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, London School of Economicsmarker, Columbia 2003 1953
Pomeroy, Earl Democratic Presbyterian North Dakota House of Representatives, State Insurance Commissioner UND, University of Durham 1993 1952
Chabot, Steve Republican Roman Catholic Cincinnatimarker City Council, Hamilton Countymarker Commissioner William and Mary, Northern Kentucky 1995 1953
Schmidt, Jean Republican Roman Catholic Miami Township trustee, State Senate Cincinnati 2005* 1951
Turner, Mike Republican Protestant Mayor of Daytonmarker Ohio Northern, Case Western, Dayton 2003 1960
Jordan, Jim Republican Christian State General Assembly, Ohio State Senate Graham High School 2007 1964
Latta, Bob Republican Christian Wood Countymarker Commissioner, Ohio House of Representatives, Ohio State Senator Bowling Green State University, University of Toledomarker 2007 1956
Wilson, Charlie Democratic Roman Catholic mortician, Ohio House of Representatives Ohio Universitymarker 2007 1943
Hobson, Dave Republican Methodist Ohio State Senator Ohio Wesleyan, Ohio Statemarker 1991 1936
Boehner, John Republican Roman Catholic State House of Representatives Xaviermarker 1991 1949
Kaptur, Marcy Democratic Roman Catholic Domestic Policy Advisor, Carter Adm. Wisconsin, Michigan, MIT 1983 1946
Kucinich, Dennis Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of Cleveland Case Western 1997 1946
Fudge, Marcia Democratic Church of God Mayor of Warrensville Heightsmarker Ohio State Universitymarker, Cleveland Marshall College of Lawmarker 2008* 1952
Tiberi, Pat Republican Roman Catholic Ohio House of Representatives Ohio Statemarker, Capital 2001 1962
Sutton, Betty Democratic Methodist Barbertonmarker City Council, Summit Countymarker Council, Ohio House of Representatives Kent Statemarker 2007 1963
LaTourette, Steve Republican Methodist Lake Countymarker Prosecutor Michigan 2003 1954
Pryce, Deborah Republican Presbyterian Franklin Countymarker Judge Ohio State, Capital 1993 1951
Regula, Ralph Republican Episcopalian U.S. Navy veteran, State Legislator Mount Union, McKinley Law 1973 1924
Ryan, Tim Democratic Roman Catholic Ohio State Senator Bowling Green 2003 1973
Space, Zack Democratic Eastern Orthodox attorney Kenyon Collegemarker, Ohio Statemarker 2007 1961
Sullivan, John Republican Roman Catholic State House of Representatives Northeastern State University 2003 1965
Boren, Dan Democratic Methodist State House of Representatives Texas Christian Universitymarker, Oklahoma 2005 1973
Lucas, Frank Republican Baptist State House of Representatives Oklahoma Statemarker 2003 1960
Cole, Tom Republican Methodist Oklahoma Senate, Oklahoma Secretary of State, college professor Grinell College, Yale, Oklahoma 2003 1949
Fallin, Mary Republican Christian State Representative, Lieutenant Governor Oklahoma Statemarker 2007 1954
Wu, David Democratic Presbyterian attorney Stanford, Yale Law School, Harvard Medical School (attended) 1999 1955
Walden, Greg Republican Episcopalian Oregon House of Representatives, State Senate University of Oregon 1999 1957
Blumenauer, Earl Democratic Non-Affiliated Oregon state representative, Multnomah County Commissioner, Portlandmarker City Commissioner Lewis & Clark Collegemarker 1996* 1948
DeFazio, Peter Democratic Roman Catholic Lane Countymarker Commissioner, Chair Tufts, University of Oregonmarker, Notre Dame 1987 1947
Hooley, Darlene Democratic Lutheran Clackamas Countymarker Commissioner Oregon State University 1997 1939
Brady, Bob Democratic Roman Catholic congressional aide; Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission St. Thomas More High School 1998* 1945
Fattah, Chaka Democratic Baptist Pennsylvania General Assembly Community College of Philadelphiamarker, Wharton School, Fels Institute of Governmentmarker (attended) 1995 1956
English, Phil Republican Roman Catholic Eriemarker City Controller, Chief of Staff, State Senate Pennsylvaniamarker 1995 1956
Altmire, Jason Democratic Roman Catholic hospital executive Florida Statemarker 2007 1968
Peterson, John Republican Methodist State Senator, Pennsylvania Penn State 1997 1938
Gerlach, Jim Republican Protestant Pennsylvania General Assembly Dickinson Collegemarker, Dickinson School of Law 2003 1955
Sestak, Joe Democratic Roman Catholic Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy US Naval Academymarker, Harvardmarker 2007 1951
Murphy, Patrick Democratic Roman Catholic Captain, U.S. Army Widener Universitymarker 2007 1973
Shuster, Bill Republican Lutheran businessman Dickinson Collegemarker, American Universitymarker 2001* 1961
Carney, Chris Democratic Roman Catholic Associate Professor of political science at Penn State Worthington Scrantonmarker, army officer Cornell Collegemarker, University of Wyomingmarker 2007 1959
Kanjorski, Paul Democratic Roman Catholic community solicitor, judge Temple, Dickinson School of Law 1985 1937
Murtha, John Democratic Roman Catholic United States Army, State Representative Pitt, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Washington and Jefferson College 1974* 1932
Schwartz, Allyson Democratic Jewish State Senator Simmons, Bryn Mawr College 2005 1948
Doyle, Mike Democratic Roman Catholic State Senator Chief of Staff Penn State 1995 1953
Dent, Charlie Republican Presbyterian State Senate Penn State, Lehigh 2005 1960
Pitts, Joe Republican Protestant State Representative, Pennsylvania Asbury College 1997 1939
Holden, Tim Democratic Roman Catholic Schuylkill Countymarker Sheriff Bloomsburg University 1993 1957
Murphy, Tim Republican Roman Catholic State Senator, Pennsylvania Wheeling Jesuit University, Cleveland State University, University of Pittsburgh 2003 1952
Platts, Todd Republican Episcopalian State Representative, Pennsylvania Shippensburg University, Pepperdine University School of Law 2001 1962
Kennedy, Patrick Democratic Roman Catholic State Legislature Providence College 1995 1967
Langevin, Jim Democratic Roman Catholic Rhode Island State Assembly, Rhode Island Secretary of State Rhode Island College, Kennedy School of Government 2001 1964
Brown, Henry Republican Baptist Hanahanmarker city council, South Carolina House of Representative The Citadel, Baptist College 2001 1935
Wilson, Joe Republican Presbyterian South Carolina State Senate Washington and Lee University, University of South Carolina School of Law 2001 1947
Barrett, Gresham Republican Baptist State Representative, South Carolina The Citadel 2003 1961
Inglis, Bob Republican Presbyterian attorney Duke, University of Virginia School of Law 2005 1959
Spratt, John Democratic Presbyterian attorney Davidson, Oxford, Yale Law School 1983 1942
Clyburn, Jim Democratic AME state government; teacher South Carolina State 1993 1940
Herseth Sandlin, Stephanie Democratic Lutheran attorney Georgetown Universitymarker 2004 1970
Davis, David Republican Baptist State Representative East Tennessee Statemarker 2007 1959
Duncan, Jimmy Republican Presbyterian state court judge Tennessee, George Washington University 1988* 1947
Wamp, Zach Republican Baptist Business owner, real estate broker attended University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, attended Tennessee 1995 1957
Davis, Lincoln Democratic Baptist Mayor of Byrdstownmarker, Tennessee State Legislature Tennessee Tech 2003 1943
Cooper, Jim Democratic Episcopalian college professor University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Oriel College, Harvard University Law School 2003 1954
Gordon, Bart Democratic Methodist Tennessee Democratic Party State Chair Middle Tennessee State, Tennessee 1985 1949
Blackburn, Marsha Republican Presbyterian Tennessee State Senate Mississippi State 2003 1952
Tanner, John Democratic Disciples of Christ Tennessee House of Representatives Tennessee 1989 1944
Cohen, Steve Democratic Jewish Tennessee State Senate, Attorney Vanderbiltmarker, University of Memphismarker 2007 1949
Gohmert, Louie Republican Baptist Texas appeals court judge Texas A&M, Baylor University 2005 1953
Poe, Ted Republican Church of Christ federal court judge Abilene Christian University, University of Houston Law Center 2005 1948
Johnson, Sam Republican Methodist Texas state legislator SMU 1991 1930
Hall, Ralph Republican Methodist Texas State Senate, attorney; financial executive SMU, attended Texas Christian, attended Texas 1981 1923
Hensarling, Jeb Republican Episcopalian energy executive Texas A&M, University of Texas, Austin 2003 1957
Barton, Joe Republican Methodist oil industry consultant Texas A&M, Purdue 1985 1949
Culberson, John Republican Methodist Texas House of Representatives SMU, South Texas College of Law 2001 1956
Brady, Kevin Republican Roman Catholic Beaumont, Texas Chamber of Commerce executive University of South Dakota 1997 1955
Green, Al Democratic Christian Harris Countymarker Justice of the Peace, Houston NAACP president Florida A&M, Tuskeegee Institute, Texas Southern 2005 1947
McCaul, Michael Republican Roman Catholic attorney, federal prosecutor Trinity University, St. Mary's University, attended Harvard University 2005 1962
Conaway, Mike Republican Baptist oil exploration executive East Texas State 2005 1948
Granger, Kay Republican Methodist Mayor of Fort Worthmarker Texas Wesleyan University 1999 1943
Thornberry, Mac Republican Presbyterian rancher, attorney Texas Tech, University of Texas Law School 1995 1958
Paul, Ron Republican Protestant physician Gettysburg College, Duke University School of Medicine 1997 1935
Hinojosa, Rubén Democratic Roman Catholic food processing executive, Texas State Board of Education University of Texas, Austin, University of Texas-Pan American 1997 1940
Reyes, Silvestre Democratic Roman Catholic U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service administrator El Paso Community College, attended University of Texas, El Paso 1997 1944
Edwards, Chet Democratic Methodist Texas State Senator Texas A&M, Harvard Business School 1991 1951
Jackson-Lee, Sheila Democratic Adventist Houston City Council Yale, University of Virginia Law School 1995 1950
Neugebauer, Randy Republican Baptist Lubbockmarker City Council, real estate developer Texas Tech 2003 1949
Gonzalez, Charlie Democratic Roman Catholic district court judge University of Texas, Austin, St. Mary's University 1999 1945
Smith, Lamar Republican Christian Scientist Bexar County, Texas commissioner Yale, Southern Methodist University School of Law 1987 1947
Lampson, Nick Democratic Roman Catholic US Congressman, Texas 9th district Lamar University 1997 1945
Rodriguez, Ciro Democratic Roman Catholic Texas State Representative, US Congressman, Texas 28th district University of Texas at Austin 1993 1946
Marchant, Kenny Republican Nazarene mayor of Carroltonmarker, State Representative, Texas Southern Nazarene University 2005 1951
Doggett, Lloyd Democratic Methodist Texas State Senate, Texas state supreme court justice, college professor University of Texas at Austin 1995 1946
Burgess, Michael Republican Reformed Episcopalian physician North Texas State, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston 2003 1950
Ortiz, Solomon Democratic Methodist County Commissioners Court of Nueces County, Nueces County Sheriff attended Del Mar College 1983 1937
Cuellar, Henry Democratic Roman Catholic Texas House of Representatives, Texas Secretary of State Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, University of Texasmarker 2005 1955
Green, Gene Democratic Methodist State Representative, State Senator, Texas University of Houstonmarker 1993 1947
Johnson, Eddie Bernice Democratic Baptist State Senator, Texas, nurse St. Mary's College, Texas Christian, SMU 1991 1935
Carter, John Republican Lutheran district judge Texas Tech, University of Texas at Austin 2003 1941
Sessions, Pete Republican Methodist marketing executive Southwestern Universitymarker 1997 1955
Bishop, Rob Republican LDS Utah State Representative, Chairman of the Utah Republican Party University of Utahmarker 2003 1951
Matheson, Jim Democratic LDS Business owner Harvard, UCLA 2001 1960
Cannon, Chris Republican LDS attorney; ventural capitalist BYUmarker 1997 1950
Welch, Peter Democratic Roman Catholic Vermont Senate President Pro Tempore Holy Crossmarker, University of California-Berkeleymarker 2007 1947
Wittman, Rob Republican Episcopalian Mayor of Montrossmarker, Westmoreland Countymarker Board of Supervisors, Virginia State House Virginia Polytechnicmarker, Chapel Hillmarker, VCUmarker 2007 1959
Drake, Thelma Republican UCC Virginia State House Old Dominion Universitymarker 2005 1949
Scott, Robert Democratic Episcopalian Virginia State Legislature Harvard Universitymarker, Boston College Law School 1993 1947
Forbes, Randy Republican Baptist Virginia State Senate Randolph-Macon College, University of Virginia School of Law 2001 1952
Goode, Virgil Republican Baptist Virginia State Senate University of Richmond, University of Virginia School of Law 1997 1946
Goodlatte, Bob Republican Christian Scientist Private legal practice Bates College, Washington and Lee University 1993 1952
Cantor, Eric Republican Jewish Virginia State House George Washington University, College of William and Mary, Columbia University 2001 1963
Moran, Jim Democratic Roman Catholic Mayor of Alexandriamarker College of the Holy Cross, University of Pittsburgh 1991 1945
Boucher, Rick Democratic Methodist Virginia State Senate Roanoke College, University of Virginia School of Law 1983 1946
Wolf, Frank Republican Presbyterian Assistant to the Secretary of the Interior Pennsylvania State University, Georgetown University 1981 1939
Inslee, Jay Democratic Protestant Attorney Washington, Willamette 1999 1951
Larsen, Rick Democratic Methodist Snohomish County Council Pacific Lutheran, Minnesota 2001 1965
Baird, Brian Democratic Protestant Psychologist Utah, Wyoming 1999 1956
Hastings, Doc Republican Roman Catholic Washington State House Columbia Basin, Central Washington 1995 1941
McMorris Rodgers, Cathy Republican Christian Washington State House Pensacola Christian, Washington 2005 1969
Dicks, Norm Democratic Lutheran Legislative Assistant Washington 1977 1940
McDermott, Jim Democratic Episcopalian Psychiatrist, Washington State Senate Wheaton, Illinois 1989 1936
Reichert, Dave Republican Lutheran King County Sheriff Concordia Lutheran 2005 1950
Smith, Adam Democratic Christian Washington State Senate Fordham, Washington 1997 1965
Mollohan, Alan Democratic Baptist attorney William & Mary, WVU 1983 1943
Capito, Shelley Moore Republican Presbyterian West Virginia House of Delegates Duke, University of Virginia 2001 1953
Rahall, Nick Democratic Presbyterian Senate Staff Member; media executive Duke, George Washington 1977 1949
Ryan, Paul Republican Roman Catholic Legislative Director Miami Universitymarker 1999 1970
Baldwin, Tammy Democratic Non-Affiliated Dane County Board of Supervisors, Wisconsin State Assembly Smith, Wisconsin 1999 1962
Kind, Ron Democratic Lutheran County Prosecutor London School of Economics, Minnesota 1997 1963
Moore, Gwen Democratic Baptist Wisconsin State Assembly, Wisconsin State Senate Marquette, Harvard 2005 1951
Sensenbrenner, Jim Republican Episcopalian Wisconsin State Senate Stanford, Wisconsin 1979 1943
Petri, Tom Republican Lutheran Wisconsin State Senate Harvard 1979 1940
Obey, Dave Democratic Roman Catholic Wisconsin State Assembly Wisconsin 1969 1938
Kagen, Steve Democratic Jewish allergist University of Wisconsin–Madisonmarker, Medical College of Wisconsin 2007 1949
Cubin, Barbara Republican Episcopalian Wyoming State Senate; Wyoming State House Creighton 1995 1946


District Name Party Religion Former Experience Schooling Assumed Office Born In
Eni Fa'aua'a Hunkin Faleomavaega, Jr. Democratic LDS Lieutenant Governor of American Samoa Brigham Young Universitymarker, University of Houstonmarker, University of California, Berkeleymarker 1989 1943
Eleanor Holmes Norton Democratic Episcopalian Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Antioch Collegemarker, Yale Universitymarker, Yale Law School 1991 1937
Madeleine Bordallo Democratic Roman Catholic Lieutenant Governor of Guam Saint Mary's Collegemarker, College of St. Catherine 2003 1933
Luis Fortuño New Progressive Party

and Republican
Roman Catholic National Committeeman Georgetown Universitymarker, University of Virginia School of Lawmarker 2005 1960
Donna Christian-Christensen Democratic Moravian Commissioner of Health Saint Mary's Collegemarker, George Washington Universitymarker 1997 1945


John Barrasso was appointed by Wyoming Governor Dave Freudenthal on June 25, 2007 after Craig L. Thomas died on June 4, 2007.
Laura Richardson replaced Juanita Millender-McDonald, who died on April 22, 2007, on August 21, 2007 after a special election.
Paul Broun replaced Charlie Norwood, who died on February 3, 2007, on July 25, 2007 after a special election.
Dennis Hastert resigned November 26, 2007 and was replaced by a special election by Bill Foster.
Niki Tsongas replaced Marty Meehan who resigned on July 7, 2007, on October 18, 2007 after a special election.
Julia Carson died on December 15, 2007, and was replaced by a special election by André Carson.
Bob Latta replaced Paul Gillmor, who died on September 5, 2007, on December 13, 2007, after a special election.
Rob Wittman replaced Jo Ann Davis, who died on October 6, 2007, on December 13, 2007, after a special election.
Trent Lott resigned from his Senate seat on December 18, 2007. Mississippimarker Governor Haley Barbour appointed Congressman Roger Wicker on December 31, 2007 to replace him. Wicker was replaced by Travis Childers after a special election.
Bobby Jindal resigned January 14, 2008 and was replaced by Steve Scalise after a special election.
Richard Baker resigned on February 2, 2008 and was replaced by Don Cazayoux after a special election.
Tom Lantos died on February 11, 2008 and was replaced by Jackie Speier after a special election.
Stephanie Tubbs Jones died on August 10, 2008 and was replaced by Marcia Fudge after a special election.
Thomas M. Davis resigned on November 24, 2008.


  1. First openly gay person elected to Congress dies MSNBC, Oct 14, 2006
  2. The Advocate: Closeted in the capital: they're powerful, Republican, and gay. Will the marriage battle finally get them to come out to their bosses?
  3. Congresswoman Tammy Baldwin | About Tammy


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