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Memphis is a city in the southwest corner of the U.S. state of Tennesseemarker, and the county seat of Shelby Countymarker. The city is located on the 4th Chickasaw Bluff, south of the confluence of the Wolf and Mississippimarker rivers.

Memphis has an estimated population of 670,100, making it the largest city in the state of Tennesseemarker, the third largest in the Southeastern United States, and the 19th largest in the United Statesmarker.

The greater Memphis metropolitan area, including adjacent counties in Mississippi and Arkansasmarker, has a population of 1,280,533. This makes Memphis the second largest metropolitan area in Tennesseemarker, surpassed only by metropolitan Nashvillemarker, which overtook Memphis in recent years.

Memphis is the youngest of Tennessee's four major cities (traditionally including Knoxvillemarker, Chattanoogamarker, and Nashvillemarker). A resident of Memphis is referred to as a Memphian and the Memphis region is known, particularly to media outlets, as the "Mid-South."

History

Early history

Because it occupies a substantial bluff rising from the Mississippi river bank, the area is a natural location for settlement.The Memphis area was first settled by the Mississippian Culture and then by the Chickasaw Indian tribe. European exploration came years later, with Spanishmarker explorer Hernando de Soto and Frenchmarker explorers led by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle.

The land comprising present-day Memphis remained in a largely unorganized territory throughout most of the 18th century. By 1796, the community was the westernmost point of the newly admitted state of Tennessee, located in the Southeast America.

19th century

Memphis was founded in 1819 by John Overton, James Winchester and Andrew Jackson. The city was named after the ancient capitalmarker of Egyptmarker on the Nile River. Memphis developed as a transportation center in the 19th century because of its flood-free location, high above the Mississippi River.

As the cotton economy of the antebellum South depended on the forced labor of large numbers of African-American slaves, Memphis became a major slave market. In 1857, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was completed, the only East-West railroad across the southern states prior to the Civil War.

Tennessee seceded from the Union in June 1861 and Memphis briefly became a Confederate stronghold. Union forces captured the city in the Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862, and the city remained under Union control for the duration of the war. Memphis became a Union supply base and continued to prosper throughout the war.

In the 1870s, a series of yellow fever epidemics hit the city. The worst outbreak, in 1878, reduced the population by nearly 75% as many people died or fled the city permanently. Property tax revenues collapsed, and the city could not make payments on its municipal debts. As a result, Memphis lost its city charter and became a taxing district, operating thus from 1878-1893 and was rechartered in 1893.

20th century

Cotton merchants on Union Avenue (1937)
Memphis grew into the world's largest spot cotton market and the world's largest hardwood lumber market. Into the 1950s, it was the world's largest mule market.

From the 1910s to the 1950s, Memphis was a hotbed of machine politics under the direction of E. H. "Boss" Crump. During the Crump era, Memphis developed an extensive network of parks and public works as part of the national City Beautiful Movement.

During the 1960s, the city was at the center of civil rights issues, notably the location of a sanitation workers' strike. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 at the Lorraine Motelmarker, the day after giving his prophetic I've Been to the Mountaintop speech at the Mason Temple.

Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American south. Many renowned musicians grew up in and around the Memphis and Mississippi Delta. These included such musical greats as Elvis Presley, Muddy Waters, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, Robert Johnson, W.C. Handy, B.B. King, Howlin' Wolf, Isaac Hayes, Booker T. Jones, and Al Green.

Geography and climate

Memphis is located in southwestern Tennessee at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 313.8 sq mi (763.4 km²), of which 302.3 sq mi (723.4 km²) is land and 15.4 sq mi (40.0 km²), or 5.24%, is water.

Cityscape

The city of Memphis is on the Mississippi River, and is the hub for a tri-state area of Arkansasmarker, Mississippimarker and Tennessee. Interstate 40 (I-40), running east-west and Interstate 55 running north-south, serve the city.

Aquifer

Shelby County is located over four natural aquifers, one of which is recognized as the "Memphis sand aquifer" or simply as the "Memphis aquifer". This artesian water is pure and soft. This particular water source, located some 350 to 1100 ft (100 – 330 m) underground, is estimated to contain more than 100 trillion gallons (380 km³) of water by Memphis Light, Gas and Water.

Climate

Memphis has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. Winter weather comes from the upper Great Plainsmarker or from the Gulf of Mexicomarker, leading to drastic swings. Summer weather may come from Texasmarker (very hot and dry) or the Gulf (hot and humid.) The average high and low in July are 92°F (33°C) and 73°F (23°C), with high levels of humidity due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico. Afternoon and evening thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Early autumn is pleasantly drier and mild, but can be hot until late October. Late autumn is rainy and colder; December is the third rainiest month of the year. Winters are mild to chilly, with average January high and low temperatures of 49°F (9°C) and 31°F (-1°C). Snow occurs sporadically in winter, with an average yearly snowfall of 5.7 inches. Ice storms are a bigger danger, pulling tree limbs down on power lines.



People and culture

Demographics

As of the 2005-2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, Blacks or African Americans made up 62.4% of Memphis's population; of which 62.3% were non-Hispanic blacks. White Americans made up 31.9% of Memphis's population; of which 30.2% were non-Hispanic whites. American Indian made up 0.2% of the city's population; of which 0.1% were non-Hispanic. Asian Americans made up 1.6% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 2.7% of the city's population; of which 0.2% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.2% of the city's population; of which 0.9% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 4.6% of Memphis's population.

As of the census of 2000, there were 650,100 people, 250,721 households, and 158,455 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,327.4 people per sq mi (898.6/km²). There were 271,552 housing units at an average density of 972.2 per sq mi (375.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.41% African American, 34.41% White, 1.46% Asian, 0.19% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.97% of the population.

The Memphis Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the 42nd largest in the United States, has a 2003 population of 1,239,337, and includes the Tennessee counties of Shelbymarker, Tiptonmarker, and Fayettemarker, as well as the Mississippimarker counties of DeSotomarker, Marshallmarker, Tatemarker, and Tunicamarker, and the Arkansasmarker county of Crittendenmarker.

Crime

Although in 2004 violent crime in Memphis reached a record low for over a decade, that trend subsequently reversed. In 2005, Memphis was ranked the 4th most dangerous city with a population of 500,000 or higher in the U.S. Crime in Memphis increased in 2005, and has seen a dramatic rise in the first half of 2006. Nationally, cities follow similar trends, and crime numbers tend to be cyclical. Local experts and criminologists cite gang recruitment as one possible cause of the rise in crime in Memphis and to a reduction of 66% of federal funding to the Memphis Police Department.

In the first half of 2006, robbery of businesses increased 52.5%, robbery of individuals increased 28.5%, and homicide increased 18% over the same period of 2005. The Memphis Police Department has responded with the initiation of Operation Blue C.R.U.S.H. (Crime Reduction Using Statistical History), which targets crime hotspots and repeat offenders. Memphis ended 2005 with 154 murders, and 2006 ended with 160. 2007 saw 164 murders and 2008 had 168. In 2006, the Memphis metropolitan area ranked second most dangerous in the nation, it also ranked as most dangerous in 2002 and second most dangerous the year before in 2001. Recently, Memphis ranked second most dangerous among cities over 500,000 in 2007, as well as the second most dangerous metropolitan area once again.In 2006, the Memphis metropolitan area ranked number one in violent crimes for major cities around the U.S according to the FBI's annual crime rankings, whereas it had ranked second in 2005.

Recent statistics show a downward trend in crime in Memphis. Between 2006 and 2008, the crime rate fell by 16%, while the first half of 2009 saw a reduction in serious crime of over 10% from the previous year. The Memphis Police Department's use of the FBI National Incident-Based Reporting System, which is a more detailed method of reporting crimes than that used in many other major cities, has been cited as a reason for Memphis's frequent appearance on lists of most dangerous U.S. cities.

Cultural events

One of the largest celebrations the city has is Memphis in May. The month-long series of events promotes Memphis' heritage and outreach of its people far beyond the city's borders. There are four main events, the Beale Street Music Festival, International Week, the World Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest, and the Sunset Symphony. The World Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest is the largest pork barbecue cooking contest in the world.

Carnival Memphis, formerly known as the Memphis Cotton Carnival, is an annual series of parties and festivities in the month of June that salutes various aspects of Memphis and its industries. An annual King and Queen of Carnival are secretly selected to reign over Carnival activities. The African-American community staged a parallel event known as the Cotton Makers Jubilee from 1935 to 1982, when it merged with Carnival Memphis.

An arts festival, the Cooper-Young Festival, is held annually in September in the Cooper-Youngmarker district of Midtown Memphismarker. The event draws artists from all over North America, and includes art sales, contests, and displays.

The arts

Memphis is the home of founders and establishers of various American music genres, including Blues, Gospel, Rock n' Roll, Buck, Crunk, and "sharecropper" country music (in contrast to the "rhinestone" country sound of Nashville). Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, and B. B. King were all getting their starts in Memphis in the 1950s. They are respectively dubbed the "King" of Country, Rock n' Roll, and Blues.

Well-known writers from Memphis include Civil War historian Shelby Foote and playwright Tennessee Williams. Novelist John Grisham grew up in nearby DeSoto County, Mississippimarker and many of his books are set in Memphis.

Many works of fiction and literature use Memphis as their setting, giving a diverse portrait of the city, its history, and its citizens. These include The Reivers by William Faulkner (1962), September, September by Shelby Foote (1977), The Old Forest and Other Stories by Peter Taylor (1985), the Pulitzer Prize-winning A Summons to Memphis by Peter Taylor (1986), The Firm by John Grisham (1991), Memphis Afternoons: a Memoir by James Conaway (1993), Cassina Gambrel Was Missing by William Watkins (1999), The Guardian by Beecher Smith (1999), and The Architect by James Williamson (2007).

Cultural references

Memphis is the subject of many major pop and country songs, including "Memphis" by Chuck Berry, "Queen of Memphis" by Confederate Railroad, "Memphis Soul Stew" by King Curtis, "Maybe It Was Memphis" by Pam Tillis, "Graceland" by Paul Simon, "Memphis Train" by Rufus Thomas, "All the Way from Memphis" by Mott the Hoople and "Walking in Memphis" by Marc Cohn.

In addition, Memphis is mentioned in scores of other songs, including "Proud Mary" by Creedence Clearwater Revival, "Honky Tonk Women" by the Rolling Stones, "Life Is a Highway" by Tom Cochrane, "Black Velvet" by Alannah Myles, "Cities" by Talking Heads, "Crazed Country Rebel" by Hank Williams III, and many others.

Religion

Since its founding, Memphis has been home to persons of many different faiths. An 1870 map of Memphis shows religious buildings of the Baptist, Catholic, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational, and Christian denominations and a Jewish congregation. In 2009, places of worship exist for Christians, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, and Hindus.

Bellevue Baptist Churchmarker is a Southern Baptist megachurch in Memphis that was founded in 1903. Its current membership is approximately 27,000. For many years, it was led by Adrian Rogers, a three-term president of the Southern Baptist Convention.

The international headquarters of the Church of God in Christ is located in Memphis. Named after the denomination's founder, Charles Harrison Mason, Mason Temple is where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech the day before he was killed. The church's Temple of Deliverance is the venue of the National Civil Rights Museummarker's Freedom Awards.

Other notable and/or large churches in Memphis include Second Presbyterian Church (EPC), Christ United Methodist Church, Idlewild Presbyterian Church (PCUSA), and Calvary Episcopal Churchmarker.

Memphis is home to two cathedrals. The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Memphis, and St. Mary's Episcopal Cathedralmarker is the seat of the Episcopal Diocese of West Tennessee.

Memphis is home to an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 Muslims of various cultures and ethnicities.

Memphis is home to Temple Israel, a Reform synagogue that has approximately 7,000 members, making it one of the largest Reform synagogues in the country. Baron Hirsch Synagogue is the largest Orthodox shul in America.

Economy

The city's central location has led to much of its business development. Located on the Mississippi River and intersected by several freight railroads and two Interstate highways, Memphis is ideally located for commerce among the transportation and shipping industry. River barges are unloaded onto trucks and trains. The city is home to Memphis International Airportmarker, the world's busiest cargo airport, which serves as the primary hub for FedEx Express shipping and as a secondary hub for Northwest Airlines.

Memphis is the home of nine Fortune 1000 companies. These include the corporate headquarters of FedEx Corporation, AutoZone Incorporatedmarker, International Paper, and Thomas & Betts. In addition, Memphis is home to the pharmaceutical/healthcare firm Schering-Plough Corporation, serving as the company's research & development center.

The entertainment and film industry have discovered Memphis in recent years. Several major motion pictures have been filmed in Memphis, including Making the Grade (1984), Mystery Train (1989),The Firm (1993), Cast Away (2000), Forty Shades of Blue (2005), Walk the Line (2005), Hustle and Flow (2006), and Soul Men (2008). The 1992 television movie Memphis, starring Memphis native Cybill Shepherd, who also served as executive producer and writer, was also filmed in Memphis.

In 2000 Inc. magazine rated Memphis in the top eight of the 50 best major U.S. metro areas for starting and growing a business.

Government

Memphis is governed by a mayor and thirteen City Council members, six elected at large from throughout the city and seven elected from geographic districts. In 1995, the council adopted a new district plan which changed council positions to all districts. This plan provides for nine districts, seven with one representative each and two districts with three representatives each. The previous mayor of the city of Memphis was W. W. Herenton. He resigned from his office, effective July 30, 2009. Former Shelby County mayor AC Wharton is the newly elected Mayor.

In recent years, there have been often rancorous discussions of the potential of a consolidation of unincorporated Shelby Countymarker and Memphis into a metropolitan government. Consolidation is expected to be a referendum item on the 2010 ballot in Memphis and Shelby County.

Education

Early nursing class in Memphis
The city is served by Memphis City Schools, while surrounding suburbs in other areas of Shelby County are served by Shelby County Schools.

The Memphis area is home to many private, college-prep schools: Christian Brothers High Schoolmarker (boys), Memphis University School (boys), Hutchison School (girls), St. Mary's Episcopal School (girls), Briarcrest Christian School (co-ed), St. George's Independent School (co-ed), Evangelical Christian School (co-ed), and Lausanne Collegiate School (co-ed).

Colleges and universities located in the city include the University of Memphismarker (formerly Memphis State University), Rhodes Collegemarker (formerly Southwestern at Memphis), Memphis College of Artmarker, Le Moyne-Owen Collegemarker, Crichton Collegemarker, Christian Brothers Universitymarker, Baptist College of Health Sciencesmarker (formerly Baptist Memorial Hospital School of Nursing), Southern College of Optometrymarker, and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (Colleges of Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Graduate Health Sciences and Allied Health Sciences).

The University of Tennessee College of Dentistry was founded in 1878 making it the oldest dental college in the South, and the third oldest public college of dentistry in the United States.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

The Interstate Highways, Interstate 40, Interstate 55, and Interstate 240, are the main expressways in the Memphis area. Interstates 40 and 55 cross the Mississippi River at Memphis into the state of Arkansasmarker.

The nearly-completed Interstate 22 connects Memphis with Birmingham, Alabamamarker, via northern Mississippi (incl. Tupelomarker) and northwestern Alabama. This expressway follows the same route as U.S. Route 78. Other important federal highways though Memphis include the east-west U.S. Route 70, U.S. Route 64, and U.S. Route 72; and the north-south U.S. Route 51 and U.S. Route 61, which is the historic highway north to Chicagomarker via Cairo, Illinoismarker.

The future Interstate 69 from northeast to southwest will pass through Memphis when it is completed. Segments of this highway are complete in DeSoto Countymarker, just south of Memphis. The segment of the I-69 Corridor running through the Memphis area is scheduled for completion in 2012.


Railroads

A large volume of railroad freight moves through Memphis, because of its two heavy-duty Mississippi River railroad crossings, which carry several major east-west railroad freight lines, and also because of the major north-south railroad lines through Memphis which connnect Memphis with such major cities as Chicagomarker, St. Louismarker, Indianapolismarker, Louisvillemarker, New Orleansmarker, Dallasmarker, Houstonmarker, Mobile, and Birminghammarker.

By the early 20th Century, Memphis had two major passenger railroad stations. After passenger railroad service declined heavily throughout the middle of the 20th Century, the Memphis Union Stationmarker was demolished in 1969. The Memphis Central Stationmarker was eventually renovated and it still serves the city.

The only inter-city passenger railroad service to Memphis for many decades has been the daily "City of New Orleans" train, operated by AMTRAK, which has one train northbound and one train southbound each day between Chicagomarker and New Orleansmarker,

Airports

Memphis is served by the Memphis International Airportmarker, located on the south side, which serves tens of thousands of passengers daily, including nonstop flights to western Europe. This airport also handles more air cargo than any other airport in the world, due to being a central hub for such companies as FedEx Express and United Parcel Servicemarker.

There are other general aviation airports in Shelby County and nearby counties, and a former Naval Air Station at Millingtonmarker, which is now the Millington Regional Jetportmarker for business jets and propeller-driven airplaces.

River port

Memphis has the second-busiest cargo port on the Mississippi River, which is also the fourth-busiest inland port in the United States. The International Port of Memphis covers both the Tennessee and Arkansas sides of the Mississippi River from river mile 725 (km 1167) to mile 740 (km 1191). A focal point of the river port is the industrial park on President's Island, just south of Downtown Memphismarker.

Bridges

Four railroad and highway bridges cross the Mississippi River at Memphis. In order of their opening years, these are the Frisco Bridgemarker (1892), the Harahan Bridgemarker (1916), the Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridgemarker (highway, 1949), and the Hernando de Soto Bridgemarker (highway, 1973).

Other bridges over the River at Mermphis have existed before, but have been demolished and removed since the newer and higher-capacity bridge, such as the massive, multi-laned Hernando de Soto Bridge, have been opened.

Utilities

Memphis's primary utility provider is the Memphis Light, Gas and Water company (MLGW). This is the largest three-service municipal utility in the United States, providing electricity, natural gas, and pure water service to all residents of Shelby County. Prior to that, Memphis was served by two primary electric companies, which were merged into the Memphis Power company. The City of Memphis bought the private company in 1939 to form MLGW, which was an early customer of electricity from the Tennessee Valley Authority.

MLGW still buys most of its power from TVA, and the company pumps its own fresh water from the "Memphis Aquifer", using more than 180 water wells.

Health care

The Memphis and Shelby County region supports numerous hospitals, including the Methodist and Baptist Memorial health systems, two of the largest private hospitals in the country.

Methodist Healthcare system, the largest healthcare provider in the Mid-South, operates seven hospitals and several rural clinics. Modern Healthcare magazine ranked Methodist Healthcare in the top 100 integrated healthcare networks in the United States. Methodist Healthcare operates, among others, the Le Bonheur Children's Medical Centermarker, which offers primary level 1 pediatric trauma care, as well as a nationally recognized pediatric brain tumor program.

Baptist Memorial Healthcare operates fifteen hospitals (three in Memphis), including Baptist Memorial Hospitalmarker. According to Health Care Market Guide's annual studies, Mid-Southerners have named Baptist Memorial their "preferred hospital choice for quality".

The St. Jude Children's Research Hospitalmarker, leading pediatric treatment and research facility focused on children's catastrophic diseases, resides in Memphis. The institution was conceived and built by the late entertainer Danny Thomas in 1962 as a tribute to St. Jude Thaddeus, patron saint of impossible, hopeless, and difficult causes.

Tourism and recreation

Museums and art collections

Many museums of interest are located in Memphis.
National Civil Rights Museum

The National Civil Rights Museummarker is located in the former Lorraine Motel where Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated. It includes a historical overview of the American civil rights movement.

Brooks Museum of Art

The Memphis Brooks Museum of Artmarker, founded in 1916, is the oldest and largest fine art museum in the state of Tennessee. The Brooks' permanent collection includes works from the Italianmarker Renaissance and Baroque eras to Britishmarker, Frenchmarker Impressionists, and 20th-century artists.

Graceland

Gracelandmarker, the former home of Rock 'n' Roll legend Elvis Presley, is one of the most visited houses in the United States (second only to the White Housemarker), attracting over 600,000 domestic and international visitors a year. Featured at Graceland are two of Presley's private airplanes, his extensive automobile and motorcycle collection and other Elvis memorabilia. On November 7, 1991 Graceland was listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Pink Palace

The Pink Palace Museummarker serves as the Mid-South's major science and historical museum, and features exhibits ranging from archeology to chemistry. It includes America's third largest planetarium and an IMAX Theatre. One exhibit features a replica of the original Piggly Wiggly store, the first self-service grocery store, commemorating the invention of the supermarket by Memphian Clarence Saunders in 1916.

Memphis Walk of Fame

The Memphis Walk of Famemarker is a public exhibit located in the Beale Streetmarker historic district, which is modeled after the Hollywood Walk of Fame, but is designated exclusively for Memphis musicians, singers, writers, and composers. Honorees include W. C. Handy, B. B. King, Bobby Blue Bland, and Alberta Hunter among others.

Mud Island River Park

Mud Island River Park and Mississippi River Museummarker is located on Mud Island in downtown Memphis. The Park is noted for its River Walk. The River walk is a 2112:1 scale working model showing 1000 mi (1600 km) of the Lower Mississippi River, from Cairo, Illinoismarker to New Orleans, Louisianamarker and the Gulf of Mexicomarker. 30 in (75 cm) in the model equal 1 mi (1.6 km) of the Mississippi River. The Walk stretches roughly 0.5 mi (800 m), allowing visitors to walk in the water and see models of cities and bridges along the way.

Victorian Village

Victorian Villagemarker is a historic district of Memphis featuring a series of fine Victorian-era mansions, some of which are open to the public as museums.

Cotton Museum

The Cotton Museummarker is a museum that opened in March 2006 on the old trading floor of the Memphis Cotton Exchangemarker at 65 Union Avenue in downtown Memphismarker.

Stax Museum

Stax Museummarker is a museum located in Memphis, Tennessee, at 926 McLemore Avenue, the former location of Stax Records. It is operated by Soulsville USA, which also operates the adjacent Stax Music Academy.

Parks

Major Memphis parks include W.C. Handy Park, Tom Lee Parkmarker, Audubon Park, Overton Parkmarker including the Old Forest Arboretum of Overton Parkmarker, the Lichterman Nature Centermarker - a nature learning center, and the Memphis Botanic Gardenmarker.

Shelby Farmsmarker park, located at the eastern edge of the city, is one of the largest urban parks in America.

Cemeteries

The Memphis National Cemeterymarker is a United States National Cemetery located in north Memphis.

Historic Elmwood Cemeterymarker is one of the oldest rural garden cemeteries in the South, and contains the Carlisle S. Page Arboretum. Memorial Park Cemeterymarker is noted for its sculptures by Mexicanmarker artist Dionicio Rodriguez.

Other points of interest

Beale Street

Blues fans can visit Beale Streetmarker, which used to be the center of the Black community, where a young B.B. King used to play his guitar. He occasionally appears there at the club bearing his name, which he partially owns. Street performers play live music, and bars and clubs feature live entertainment until dawn. In 2008, Beale Street was the most visited tourist attraction in the state of Tennessee.

Sun Studio

Sun Studio is available for tour, which is where Elvis Presley first recorded "My Happiness" and "That's When Your Heartaches Begin". Other famous musicians who got their start at Sun include Johnny Cash, Rufus Thomas, Charlie Rich, Howlin' Wolf, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins, and Jerry Lee Lewis. It now contains a museum as well as the still-functioning studio.

Memphis Zoo

The Memphis Zoomarker, which is located in midtown Memphismarker, features many exhibits of mammals, birds, fish, and amphibians from all over the world. The Zoo's Giant panda exhibit is one of only five in North America.

Peabody Hotel

The Peabody Hotelmarker is well-known for the famous "Peabody Ducks" that live on the hotel rooftop, making the journey to the hotel lobby in a daily "March of Ducks" ritual.

Other

Other Memphis attractions include the Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadiummarker, the FedExForummarker and Mississippi riverboat day cruises.

Sports

The University of Memphis college basketball team, the Memphis Tigers has a strong following in the city due to its recent competitive success.

Memphis Grizzlies of the National Basketball Association, is one of the "big four" major sports leagues in the city. The Memphis Redbirds of the Pacific Coast League is a Triple A baseball farm team for the St. Louis Cardinals. The Mississippi RiverKings is a professional hockey team of the Central Hockey League.

Memphis is home to Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadiummarker the site of University of Memphismarker football, AutoZone Liberty Bowl and Southern Heritage Classic. The annual St. Jude Classic, a regular part of the PGA Tour, is also held in the city.

Memphis has a significant history in pro wrestling. Jerry "The King" Lawler is the sport's greatest name to come out of the city. Sputnik Monroe, a wrestler of the 1950s, like Lawler, promoted racial integration in the City.

See also



References

External links




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