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Memphis International Airport is a joint civil-military public airport located three miles (5 km) south of the central business district of Memphismarker, a city in Shelby Countymarker, Tennesseemarker, United Statesmarker. It is owned and operated by the Memphis - Shelby County Airport Authority.

Memphis International Airport is home to FedEx Express's global "SuperHub," which processes a significant portion of the freight carrier's packages. Nonstop FedEx destinations from Memphis include scores of cities across the continental U.S., plus Anchoragemarker and Honolulumarker, as well as numerous Canadian, Mexican, and Caribbean cities. Intercontinental nonstops include Parismarker, Londonmarker, Frankfurtmarker, Sao Paulomarker, and Tokyomarker.

Because of the FedEx Express SuperHub, Memphis since 1993 has had the largest cargo operations by volume of any airport worldwide.

Northwest Airlines operates its third-largest passenger hub in Memphis, with routes to destinations throughout North America, as well as a daily nonstop flight to Amsterdammarker. Prior to its merger with Delta Air Lines, Northwest reportedly considered introducing a nonstop flight to its Asian hub at Tokyomarker's Narita International Airportmarker after taking delivery of Boeing's new 787 aircraft.

History

Memphis Municipal Airport, 1962, photographed from the then-new control tower.
Municipal Airport opened on a 200 acre (0.8 kmĀ²) plot of farmland just over seven miles (10 km) from downtown Memphis. During its early years, the airport consisted of three hangars and an unpaved runway. Passenger and air mail service was provided by American Airlines and Chicago and Southern Air Lines. In 1939, four new carriers won route awards to serve Memphis: Braniff Airways, Capital Airlines, Eastern Air Lines, and Southern Airways.

During World War II the airfield was used by the United States Army Air Force Air Transport Command 4th Ferrying Group for movement of new aircraft from the United States to overseas locations.

The current terminal was built in 1963, and Memphis Municipal changed its name to Memphis International in 1969. However, the airport had no non-stop international routes until 1995, when KLM began service to Amsterdam, a service now operated by Northwest Airlines.

FedEx Express established its freight hub in Memphis in 1973, and Republic Airlines established a passenger hub in 1985, which was absorbed into Northwest in 1986. In 2008, Delta Air Lines, Inc. bought Northwest Airlines and rebranded the entire Memphis operation. Memphis now serves as a hub for Delta Air Lines. Memphis had been a hub for Delta many years after its' acquisition of Chicago-Southern Airways. The original Delta hub ceased operations in the late 1970's.

Facilities and aircraft

Memphis International Airport covers an area of 3,900 acres (1,578 ha) which contains four paved runways:
  • Runway 18C/36C: 11,120 x 150 ft (3,389 x 46 m), Surface: Concrete
  • Runway 18L/36R: 9,000 x 150 ft (2,743 x 46 m), Surface: Concrete
  • Runway 18R/36L: 9,320 x 150 ft (2,841 x 46 m), Surface: Concrete
  • Runway 9/27: 8,946 x 150 ft (2,727 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt.
Note: Runway 9/27 is currently closed for resurfacing. The new runway will be have a more durable concrete surface, and is projected to open in December 2009, in time for the peak of the FedEx shipping season.

For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2006, the airport had 392,883 aircraft operations, an average of 1,076 per day: 57% scheduled commercial, 34% air taxi, 9% general aviation and <1% military.="" There="" are="" 110="" aircraft="" based="" at="" this="" airport:="" 46%="" jet,="" 26%="" multi-engine,="" 19%="" single-engine="" and="" 8%=""></1%>

The Memphis Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) is located on the airport grounds at 3229 Democrat Road, 38118.

Airlines and destinations

Memphis International Airport has three concourses which are all connected as part of the same building. Passengers check in at signs marked Terminal A, B, or C which generally but do not necessarily represent the concourse where they will be directed for their gate. MEM much like CVG is not a large origination/destination airport. As such, Northwest's operation there is a series of waves. Planes fly in, passengers connect and planes leave. Outside of the times when passengers are connecting the commercial passenger concourses are largely disused.

Terminal A

Terminal A contains 23 gates: A1-A12, A14, A16, A18-A21, A25, A27, A29, A31 and A33.

Terminal B

Concourse B
Terminal B contains 42 gates: B1-B43.

Terminal C

Terminal C contains 17 gates: C2-C5, C7-C11, C12A/C12B, C14A/C14B, C16, C18, C20 and C22.

Private Terminal

SeaPort Airlines is based out of the Signature Air FBO.

References

External links




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