Metepec is a city and
municipality in the
Mexico in Mexico.
adjacent to the east side of the state capital, Toluca.
Mexico City lies further to the east.
The name Metepec
is from Náhuatl
meaning hill of the
. However, it is also known
in the Matlatzinca
"Nepinta-Tuhi" meaning 'people of corn land' and in the Otomi
language as "Ntaguada"."
The downtown of the city lies at the foot of the hill that gives
the city and municipality its name. There has been a community here since the
Otomis and Matlatzincas settled in this part of the Valley of
Toluca, and the Matlatzincas reached their cultural peak between
1120 and 1450 as part of the Teotihuacan culture.
conquered this community, along with the rest of the area by 1470
by the tlatoani
(chief) named Axáyacatl
. The Spanish arrived here in 1526
obliterating native rites that were done on the "maguey hill" and
put a church there, now-called the Ex-convento de San
, renaming the area San Juan Bautista
. According the Codex of Metepec
the Spanish town was founded in the same year.
The Ex-convento de San Juan
is the main religious
structure in the town from the 16th century; however, other
churches worth visiting include Las Capillas de El Calvario, La
Santa Cruz, del Espíritu Santo, San Bartolomé, de San Salvador, de
Santa María Magdalena and la Parroquia de San Mateo. The 24th of
June is the feast day of Metepec's patron saint, John the Baptist
. In addition since 1990
the city has an international arts and culture festival called
, which occurs in October.
The Cerro de Maguey (Maguey Hill) has a number of small caves with
names like "La cueva del diablo" (Cave of the Devil) that can be
explored. While most of the food in Metepec is typical of the
region (with dishes such as barbacoa
, and huaraches
) it does have a unique drink called
"Garañona". It is made from 15 herbs and is a strong, sweet drink.
The locals say it is an aphrodisiac
only place that sells and distributes this drink is a bar called
the "2 de Abril", located in the downtown.
Metepec is known for its pottery items and it is still of economic
importance. The artisans of this area have organized into the
Asociación de Artesanos de Metepec y la Unión de Alfareros
de Metepec, A.C.
(Association of Artisans of Metepec and
the Union of Potters of Metepec). Principal crafts include objects
made from clay, glass and includes saddlemaking. The city has about
300 craftsmen as well as 275 family workshops. The craft Metepec is
best-known for is the Arbol de la vida
"Tree of Life" which is a pottery representation of the tree from
which Adam and Eve ate from in the Biblical story. Monday is market
day in the downtown, called plaza, in which merchants go to sell
fruit, vegetables and even few electronics. In recent years, the
municipality has increase their economic importance, via shopping
malls, commercial plazas and others.
These are some of the recognized establishments, restaurants, and
plazas (sometimes in the same places) found abroad this
Wal-Mart, Sam's Club, Costco,Comercial
, Radio Shack
, Taco Bell
, Mercedes Benz
According to INEGI
2005 census figures, the
city had a population of 164,182, while the municipality had a
population of 206,005 inhabitants. The municipality covers an area
of 70.43 km² (27.19 sq mi) and includes several smaller
communities besides Metepec. Most commercial activity occurs in the
city of Metepec proper and has grown considerably in the past
years, along with its population.
municipal seat, the city of Metepec has governing jurisdiction over
the following communities: Barrio Santiaguito, Colonia Álvaro
Obregón, Colonia Llano Grande (El Salitre), Rancho el Carmen
Progreso, San Bartolomé Tlaltelulco, San Gaspar Tlahuelilpan, San
Lorenzo Coacalco (San Lorenzo), San Lucas Tunco (San Lucas),
Totocuitlapilco, San Sebastián, Santa María Magdalena Ocotitlán,
municipality borders with the municipalities of San Mateo
Atenco, Santiago Tianguistenco, Toluca, Chapultepec,
Mexico, Mexicaltzingo and Calimaya and has a territory of 70.43 square
Due to its altitude, average temperatures here
vary between 14 and 30C with cold spells down to 7C that can occur
as late as March or April.
Outside of the city of Metepec, the main economic activity is still
agriculture, with 5,271.59 hectares devoted to crops. Fish farms
comprise 208.18 hectares, with urban areas totaling only 1,193.16
hectares. Livestock raising includes cattle, sheep, pigs, horses,
goats, rabbits and various fowl such as turkeys and chickens. Most
is raised for autoconsumption and for nearby localities. However,
industrial activities have grown in importance with enterprises
dedicated to food-processing, bottling, tobacco, clothing, paper
products, construction materials, as well as machinery and other
Spanish conquest, Gonzálo de Sandoval and his Otomi allies,
conquered Toluca, Tenango, Tlacotepec, Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca, Calimaya along with Metepec other Matlatzinca and Mexica population centers, whose lands were then
abandoned by the natives.
These lands were then
redistributed among the Spaniards who participated in the Conquest
and to those local chiefs that supported the Spanish. Lands in and
around Metepec were given to Captain Juan Gutiérrez Altamirano, who
brought the Franciscans
in to evangelize
the area, and then these lands passed onto the estates of the
Counts of Santiago. The area was considered an "alcaldía mayor"
(literally 'major mayorship') by 1560 with the village of Metepec
as its seat. Records of municipal government transactions begin in
the 19th century. Finally, the municipality of Metepec was
created in 1821; although this was not ratified by the government
of the State of
Mexico until 1827.