Metro Cebu is the main
urban centre of the province of Cebu in the
Philippines. Metro Cebu is located along the central
eastern portion of the island including the nearby island of Mactan.
It accounts for 20 percent of the land area
and 60 percent of the population (2007 census
) of the
entire province of Cebu.
is a metropolitan area that is
located on Cebu
City, the capital of
Cebu and the regional center of Central Visayas with twelve surrounding cities and
The Metropolitan Cebu Development Council (MCDC) is a body mandated
to formulate development plans for the Metro Cebu area and
coordinate their implementation. Unlike the Metro Manila Development
, the MCDC does not have legal and institutional
Cities and municipalities
Map of Metro Cebu within the
It is comprised five cities and eight municipalities.
¹ 2007 Census
Note: In October 2005,
development planners from Regional Development Council 7,
Metropolitan Cebu Development Council headed by the Cebu Provincial
Governor and Local Government Units of Cebu expanded the
definition of Metro Cebu to include the cities Carcar and Danao, and the
municipality of San Fernando.
||Pop. density (per km²)
||Pop. density (per km²)
The provincial capitol, the central business district, major
educational institutions and the international port are all located
in Cebu City while major industrial companies and factories are
located in Mandaue City. The international airport and the export
processing zone are located in Lapu-Lapu City in Mactan Island.
Danao City is primarily a mining city while Talisay City is a
residential city with its income generated by small and medium
Map of Metro Cebu.
was a fishing village and farming settlement governed by Muslim
chieftains who traded with the neighboring islands of Malaysia and Indonesia.
7, 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand
Magellan arrived in Cebu. Magellan, however,
failed to successfully claim the Philippines for the crown of
Spain, having been slain in Mactan Island on April 27, 1521 by its chieftain Datu Lapu-lapu.
27, 1565, Spanish explorers led by Miguel López de Legazpi arrived
Aerial View of Metro Cebu.
The Spaniards renamed the city on January 1, 1571,
from San Miguel (Saint Michael) to Villa del Santissimo Nombre de
Jesús (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus). The island were a
former capital city of the Spanish
East Indies, before the capital city was moved to Manila in
Mandaue City then was known as the "Cove of Cebu." It was formally
constituted into a "pueblo" (people) between 1580 to 1700 and was
officially known as the Población de Mandaue (Town of Mandaue) in
1899. It emerged into an industrial city of Mandaue. Mandaue became
a chartered city on June 21, 1969 through Republic Act 5519. It was
considered a highly-urbanized city in the year 1991.
The City of Talisay were a former Augustinian order hacienda
(estate) in 1648 and became a municipality
in 1849. On December 30, 2000, Talisay became a component city by
virtue of Republic Act 8979.
Lapu-Lapu City was originally referred to as "Mactan." It later
became the town of Opon in 1730, the 7th town founded by the
Augustinian Friars in Cebu. The town of Opon became a city on June
17, 1961. It largest district, Lapu-Lapu City, was named after a
tribal chieftain called Datu Lapu-Lapu
Metropolitan Cebu was conceptualized by
government planners in the 1970s and was based on experiences of
urban planning in Metro
Manila. Metro Cebu represented the province's
thriving urban centers that are physically proximate to Cebu City
which is the leading commercial and financial hub in the Visayas and northern Mindanao areas with a population largely dependent on the
economic opportunities prevailing in the area.
The people of Cebu are called Cebuanos
and are a Malay
ethnic group. Some individuals have
and other foreign ancestries as well
as ancestries from other Filipino
and English are spoken in
Metro Cebu. English
used in educational institutions and business transactions. Other
languages spoken include Tagalog
and a range of Visayan
Metro Cebu is the seat of well-known and highly-regarded
educational institutions in the country.
Other note-worthy universities and colleges include:
number of students from the neighboring provinces such as Bohol and Misamis
Oriental to name a few, prefer to go to Metro Cebu to take
up tertiary-level education.
There is also a sizable number of South Korean and Iranian students
who take up tertiary-level courses in Metro Cebu. Most of these
Koreans came here to learn the basics of conversational English
while the majority these Iranians study Medicine and other
Cebu has two internationally-connected educational institutions.
They are: the Cebu
, which is located in Sitio Pit-os,
Barangay Talamban and the Center for International Education (CIE),
which is a secondary-level educational institution offering some
2004 presidential inauguration
On June 30, 2004
, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
first Philippine President to be inaugurated in Metro Cebu.
inauguration was done in front of Cebu
Provincial Capitol in Cebu City.
This was done in gratitude for
the support given to her by the people of Cebu during the election.
break with tradition, she delivered her inaugural address in
departing for Cebu for her inauguration.
Metro Cebu and other key Philippine cities hosted the 2005 Southeast Asian Games
event was held from November 27
for this event includes the Cebu City Sports Complex, Cebu
Coliseum, Mandaue Coliseum, University of San Carlos and parts of
The 12th Summit of the Association of Southeast
(ASEAN), originally scheduled for Dec. 10-14 was
postponed to January 2007 due to Typhoon Utor. The decision was
made in consideration of the safety and welfare of the
Cebu International Convention
Center is a structure built by the Cebu provincial government in time for the 12th ASEAN Summit and 2nd East Asia Summit at a cost of
around US$10-million dollars, US$5-million dollars more than expected.
It is a
three-storey structure with a total floor area of 25,000 square
meters and situated on 3.8 hectares of land at the Mandaue City Reclamation Area.
Long Distance Telephone Company
Globe Innove IT Plaza
the major phone carrier in the metropolis and the entire province.
Globelines Innove and Islacom, both subsidiaries of Globe Telecom
came in after the passage of the
Telecommunications Act of 1995.
There are three wireless telecommunication companies serving Metro
Cebu as well as the rest of the Philippines. These are:
Metro Cebu's electricity is mostly supplied from Leyte Geothermal
Power Plants operated by PNOC-EDC which is interconnected across
Cebu thru electrical submarine cables operated by TransCo. It is
transmitted by the state-owned National Transmission
(TransCo) through several high tension wires. It is
stored and distributed by the Visayan Electric Company
out 220VAC 60 Hz(VECO).
In 1974 the Metropolitan Cebu Water
(MCWD) took over in distributing potable water to the
whole metropolis after the Osmena Waterworks System suffered
financial losses. MCWD supplies potable water to the cities of
Cebu, Mandaue, Lapu-lapu and Talisay and the municipalities of
Consolacion, Lilo-an, Compostela and Cordova from their reservoirs
in Talamban and Pardo in Cebu City, Casili in Consolacion and
Mananga in Talisay City
has always been a
problem in Metro Cebu due to deforestation and seawater intrusion
of the underground water supply. There was a proposal to acquire water
from nearby Bohol island
because of the water crisis in the
In 1998, the Mananga Phase I Project
located in Talisay City
was completed producing an
additional 33,000 cu.m or 33 million liters of potable water per
See also: Transportation in the
Metro Cebu's roadways are among the country's busiest. The south
highway, Osmena Boulevard, Colon, and V. Rama are Metro Cebu's
major roads. A new highway which is the South Coastal Road or the
Cebu Coastal Road
complete. The 12 kilometer, 4-lane highway was created to improve
traffic in Metro Cebu. It connects Cebu City, Talisay City and
other southern municipalities. In conjunction with the development
of the Cebu South Coastal Road, a roadway underpass nearly a
kilometer long is currently under construction to connect the South
Coastal Road with the Sergio Osmeña Avenue in the North Reclamation
Area. Other planned projects include a series of flyovers in the
north district, the Cebu North Coastal Road and Cloverleaf
interlink road project.
The resort island of Mactan is connected to the island of Cebu via
two bridges. The Marcelo Fernan Bridge and the, much older, Mactan-Mandaue Bridge.
A 3rd Cebu-Mactan link is being proposed by
the local leaders of Cebu City and Lapu-Lapu, citing the growing
inconveniences related to the existing two steel bridges. It has
not yet been decided what mode this link would be (an
undersea-tunnel or a bridge).
International Airport (MCIA) is, officially, the only international
airport in the Visayas and the only airport in the Metro
Cebu. Located in Lapu-Lapu City, it is the second
busiest airport in the Philippines, after Metro Manila's Ninoy Aquino
It also doubles as the Mactan-Benito Ebuen
Its current terminal complex is capable of handling and serving 3.5
- 4.0 million air passengers annually.
The number of weekly international flights to and from MCIA has
constantly increased over the years. Currently, there are
direct regular and/or charter flights to the following
international destinations: Singapore, Hong
Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Tokyo-Narita, Seoul-Incheon, Busan, Taipei, Palau, Shanghai-Pudong and Doha.
also chartered and extra flights to Busan and
Metro Cebu's MCIA is the international gateway to the economic hub
of the Central and Southern Philippines. There are numerous daily
flights between Cebu and most Philippine cities. Air freight to and
from Cebu is reliable and efficient with major international
couriers like FedEx, Fastpak Global Express, and 2GO operating
A new terminal has been proposed. This planned terminal will only
be used by airlines flying international routes to/from MCIA.
Metro Cebu's Port of Cebu is the secong busiest seaport in the
Philippines. Along with the ports areas of Mandaue and Lapu-Lapu,
Cebu's "seaport complex" is considered as the busiest port in the
Philippines in terms of number of annual passengers. It is also the main
port of entry in the province of Cebu and Central
It plays a vital role in the
Philippine's shipping industry with about 80 percent of the
country's shipping companies that are based here. The port is
located at the center of the province's east coast. It is nestled in a
natural harbor in the narrow strait between Cebu City and Mactan
Island, the latter providing a natural cover and
breakwater, making the port one of the safest and operational the
whole year round.
Cebu International Port
Cebu Domestic Port
container vessels and passenger ships with destinations around the
country and the world. Cebu International Port is a multipurpose
terminal covering an area of 10 hectares with 690 meters of
berthing space and a controlling draught of minus 8.5 meters at
MLLW. The Cebu Baseport — Domestic Zone is the area for the
domestic transactions of different business coming from and going
to the different island of the archipelago. It is dedicated to
coastwise shipping with 3.5 kilometers of berthing space, 3 finger
piers and 3 passenger terminals.
Metropolitan Cebu Development Council
The Metropolitan Cebu Development Council was created by the RDC
through Resolution No.117 (1997) and was patterned after the
Manila Development Authority
. It is mandated to formulate
development plans, prepare programs and projects, and
coordinate/monitor the implementation of programs and projects that
address problems and concerns affecting Metro Cebu.
The MCDC is composed of the Provincial Governor of Cebu; the Mayors
of the Cities of Cebu, Mandaue, Lapulapu and Talisay; and the
Mayors of the Municipalities of Compostela, Liloan, Consolacion,
Cordova, Minglanilla and Naga. The Governor of Cebu acts as Interim
Chairman of the Council.
2005, the Regional Development Council (RDC 7) of Central Visayas,
composed of all the governors of Region VII, the Metropolitan Cebu
Development Council headed by the Cebu Provincial Governor and
Local Government Units of Metro Cebu expanded the definition of
Metro Cebu to include the towns of San Fernando and Carcar City in the
south and Danao
City in the north .
Member-LGUs of the MCDC believe the commercial and industrial area
of Cebu has already expanded to the towns of San Fernando and
Carcar City and to Danao City.
MCDC does not have legal and institutional powers and resources
like the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA). The MCDC
defines the coverage of Metro Cebu for planning purposes only. The
Province of Cebu has proposed a bill to create a permanent Metropolitan Cebu
(MCDA). This bill is still pending in
both the House of Representatives and Senate in he Congress of the