The Full Wiki

Metropolis: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

A metropolis is a big city, in most cases with over half a million inhabitants in the city proper, and with a population of at least one million living in its urban agglomeration. Big cities belonging to a larger urban agglomeration, but which are not the core of that agglomeration, are not generally considered a metropolis but a part of it. A metropolis is usually a significant economical, political and cultural center for some country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections and communications. The plural of the word is most commonly metropolises, though metropoleis is sometimes used as well.

In a broader sense, it refers to the city or state of origin of a colony (as of ancient Greece), a city regarded as a center of a specified activity, or a large important city.


In the past, metropolis was the designation for a city or state of origin of a colony. Many large cities founded by ancient civilizations have been considered important world metropolises of their times due to their large populations and importance. Examples include Alexandriamarker, Angkormarker, Antiochmarker, Athensmarker, Babylonmarker, Baghdadmarker, Beirutmarker, Benaresmarker, Byblosmarker, Cahokiamarker, Carthagemarker, Constantinoplemarker, Corinthmarker, Damascusmarker, Dholaviramarker, Ephesusmarker, Great Zimbabwemarker, Harappamarker, Jerusalemmarker, Leptis Magnamarker, Nanjingmarker, Ninevehmarker, Macchu Picchu, Mohenjo-Daromarker, Romemarker, Sarai, Sidemarker, Siracusemarker, Tenochtitlan, Teotihuacanmarker, Tikalmarker, Tyremarker, Xianmarker and Urmarker. Some of these ancient metropolises survived until the modern days and are among the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.

Etymology and modern usage

The word comes from the Greek μήτηρ, mētēr meaning "mother" and πόλις, pólis meaning "city"/"town", which is how the Greek colonies of antiquity referred to their original cities, with whom they retained cultic and political-cultural connections. The word was used in post-classical Latin for the chief city of a province, the seat of the government and, in particular, ecclesiastically for the seat or see of a metropolitan bishop to whom suffragan bishops were responsible. This usage equates the province with the diocese or episcopal see.

In modern usage the word is also used for a metropolitan area, a set of adjacent and interconnected cities clustered around a major urban center. In this sense metropolitan usually means "spanning the whole metropolis" (as in "metropolitan administration"); or "proper of a metropolis" (as in "metropolitan life", and opposed to "provincial" or "rural").

Global cities

The concept of a Global city (or a World city) means a city that has a direct and tangible effect on global affairs through socioeconomic means. The term has become increasingly familiar, because of the rise of globalization (i.e., global finance, communications, and travel). An attempt to define and categorize world cities by financial criteria was made by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network (GaWC), based primarily at Loughborough Universitymarker in England. The study ranked cities based on their provision of "advanced producer services" such as accountancy, advertising, finance and law. The Inventory identifies three levels of world cities and several sub-ranks (see World cities ranking).

A metropolis is not necessarily a global city—or, being one, it could not be among the top-ranking—due to its standards of living, development, and infrastructures.

Local definitions by country


Statistics Canada defines a census metropolitan area as one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core where the urban core has a population of at least 100,000.


In the Republic of India, the Census Commission defines a metropolitan city as one having a population of over 40 lakh (4 million). Mumbaimarker, Delhimarker, Chennaimarker, Kolkatamarker, Bangaloremarker, Hyderabadmarker, and Ahmedabadmarker are the seven cities that qualify. Residents of these cities are also entitled to a higher house-rent allowance. The figure only applies to the city region and not the conurbation.


With the 2001 reform of the Title V of the Constitution of Italy, the Italian republic has provided for the institution of Aree Metropolitane. Aree Metropolitane will be instituted at least for the major conurbations of Romemarker and Milanmarker, but, , it is yet unclear whether the Aree Metropolitane will replace Provinces, or just be added to the older administrative subdivisions.


The Japanese legal term to (都) is commonly translated as "metropolis". Structured like a prefecture instead of a normal city, there is only one to in Japan, namely Tokyomarker. , Japan has 11 other cities with populations greater than one million.

United Kingdom

Various conurbations in the United Kingdom are considered to be metropolitan areas (see Metropolitan county). The term Metropolis itself is rarely used. Londonmarker is archaically referred to as "the Metropolis", which is only retained by the London police force, the Metropolitan Police Service. (The leader of the Met is formally known as the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis.)

United States

In the United States an incorporated area or group of areas having a population more than 50,000 is required to have a metropolitan planning organization in order to facilitate major infrastructure projects and to ensure financial solubility. Thus, a population of 50,000 or greater has been used as a de facto standard in the United States to define a metropolis. A similar definition is used by the United States Census Bureau. They define a metropolitan statistical area as at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more inhabitants.

Metropolis as a mainland area

In France, Portugal and Spain, metropolis (métropole (Fr.) / metrópole (Port.) / metrópoli (Spa.)) designates the mainland part of a country near or on the European continent; in the case of France, this would mean France without its overseas departments; for Portugal and Spain during the Spanish Empire and Portuguese Empire period, it used to be common to designate Portugal or Spain except its colonies (the Ultramar). In France metropolis is also used to refer to large agglomerations.

See also

Other city types


Planning theories


Notes and references

  1. Geographic Units: Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and Census Agglomeration (CA)
  2. Ahmedabad yet to become mega city

  • Allen J. Scott (ed.) Global City Regions: Trends, Theory, Policy, Oxford University Press (2001).
  • Monti, Daniel J., Jr., The American City: A Social and Cultural History. Oxford, England and Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1999. 391 pp. ISBN 978-1-55786-918-0.

External links

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address