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Meudon is a municipality in the south-western suburbs of Parismarker, Francemarker. It is in the département of Hauts-de-Seine. It is located from the center of Paris.

Geography

The town of Meudon is built on the hills and valleys of the Seinemarker. The wood of Meudon lies for the most part to the west of the town. The northwest part of Meudon, overlooking the Seine, is known as Bellevue ("beautiful view").

History

At Meudon, the Argile Plastique clay was extensively mined in the 19th century. The first fossil of the European diatryma Gastornis parisiensis was discovered in these deposits by Gaston Planté.

Archaeological sites show that Meudon has been populated since Neolithic times.

The Gauls called the area Mol-Dum (sand dune), and the Romans Latinized the name as Moldunum.

The handsome Galliera Institutions, on the hill of Fleury, were founded by the duchess of Galliera for the care of aged persons and orphans. The buildings were completed in 1885.

The old castle of Meudon was rebuilt in Renaissance style in the mid-sixteenth century. It was bought by Louis XIV as a residence for Louis, le Grand Dauphin, under whom Meudon became a center of aristocratic life. After the death of le Grand Dauphin in 1711 the château was neglected, emptied in the Revolutionary sales, and finally burned at the close of the Franco-Prussian War, 1871, while it was occupied by Prussian soldiers. A branch of the Paris Observatorymarker was founded in 1877 on the ruins. The Meudon town hall sits some 43m in altitude above that of Paris and the climb from there to the observatory offers some rewarding views of Paris.

Pioneering Aviation

Chalais-Meudon was important in the pioneering of aviation, initially balloons and airships, but also the early powered craft. 'Hangar Y' (at ) was built in 1880 on request of the military engineer Captain Charles Renard (1847-1905), for the construction of balloons and airships. The building is 70 meters long, 24 meters wide and around 26 meters high. The airship 'La France', designed by Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs, was built in Hangar Y in 1884 and was the first airship which was controllable during flight and which could return to its starting point.

Economy

Although a choice residential district, access to the railway (RERmarker) and the Seinemarker River have made Meudon a manufacturing center since the 1840s. Metal products and military explosives have been continuously produced here since then.

Scientific facilities

In addition to the Observatory, what is today ONERA, a national research institute on aerospace topics (and wind tunnels), has been present since the military opened its aerostatic (lighter-than-air) field in the Chalais park in 1877. From 1921 to 1981 the Air Museum was located here until it moved to Le Bourget Airportmarker.

CNRS has a campus in Bellevue.

Transport

Meudon is served by Meudon – Val Fleury station on Paris RER line C.
Meudon Val Fleury Station
Meudon is also served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Montparnasse suburban rail line: Meudon and Bellevue.

Finally Meudon is served by the Meudon-sur-Seine station on the Paris tramway line T2

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Meudon is twinned with:



People

  • Theo Dumothier, French trapeze artist, was born here.
  • Johnny Depp, American actor most known for playing eccentric characters such as Captain Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean movies, lives here with his partner, Vanessa Paradis, and two children.
  • Rodin's villa des Brillants, now a museum of his art, is located here, as is his grave.
  • Richard Wagner was a resident (No. 27 Av. du Château), and here composed The Flying Dutchman.
  • Louis-Ferdinand Céline lived here until his death, and is buried in Bas Meudon.
  • Painter May Alcott lived here until her death.
  • Artists Jean Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp were resident here from 1929-1940. Their neighbours were the artist and architect Theo van Doesburg and his wife Nelly.
  • The town has a monument to Rabelais who died here as canon of Meudon, where he held the benefice from 1551-1552.
  • Charle-Michel Marle mathematician, born in 1934, lives in Meudon since 1970
  • Jean-Luc Marion was born in 1946.
  • Clémence Poésy, French Actress most know for her portrayal of Fleur Delacour in the Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire movie.
  • Lionel Jospin, former France prime minister was born here.
  • André Kertész photographer legend, took a famous photo of the train viaduct in Meudon
  • Marcel Dupré, perhaps the most famous French organist of the 20th century, lived and worked in Meudon. He transformed his home into a small concert hall; the current owners of the home still hold public concerts there.


References



External links




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