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The Miantonomoh class monitors' of the U.S. Navy were constructed during the U.S. Civil War, but only one ship of the class actually took part in it. They were broken up in 1874/5.

The ships of this class were designed by the Bureau of Construction and Repair, and although unfortunately they were wooden-hulled, , the only one to take part in the Civil War, was usually considered the best of the U.S. monitors. In 1865/6 she went to San Franciscomarker, via the Strait of Magellanmarker and although three ships were in company, she was not towed.

 crossed the Atlanticmarker in 1866, though she was towed for 1,100 miles by the side-wheel steamer  . She returned in 1867 after a cruise of 17,767 miles.  and   were renamed Terror and Amphitrite respectively, on 15 June 1869.


The hull was of normal form without the Ericsson overhang, and freeboard is given as 2 feet 7 inches. The armour was made up of 1 inch plates and there were pilothouses on both turrets, with armored bases to the funnel and a large ventilation shaft abaft it. The turrets were 23 feet internal diameter and thus 2 feet larger than in the Passaic class, and a light hurricane deck was rigged between them.

The wooden hulls decayed and their supposed rebuilding into the iron-hulled "New Navy" monitors of the same names, was a fiction to get round Congressional refusal to allocate any funds for new construction.

See also

for the new constructed monitors of the "New Navy".

References




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