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Sir Michael Caine, CBE (born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, Jr.; 14 March 1933) is an Englishmarker film actor. Caine has appeared in more than 100 films, and is one of only two actors to have been nominated for an Academy Award for acting (leading or supporting) in every decade since the 1960s (Jack Nicholson being the other).

He became known for several notable critically acclaimed performances, particularly in films such as Zulu (1964); The Ipcress File (1965), and others as Harry Palmer; the womanising title character in Alfie (1966); The Italian Job (1969); Get Carter (1971); The Man Who Would Be King (1975); Educating Rita (1983); an Academy Award-winning performances for supporting actor in Hannah and Her Sisters (1986) and The Cider House Rules (1999); as Nigel Powers in the parody Austin Powers in Goldmember (2002); and more recently as Alfred Pennyworth, the butler from Batman Begins and The Dark Knight.

Caine was knighted in 2000 by Queen Elizabeth II in recognition of his contribution to cinema. He retains his strong cockney accent.

Early life

Caine was born in Rotherhithemarker, South East Londonmarker, the son of Ellen Frances Marie (née Burchell), a cook and charlady, and Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, Sr., a fish market porter. Caine's father was of part Romani ancestry and a Catholic, though Caine was raised in his Protestant mother's religion, but claims to be lapsed religiously.

He grew up in Camberwellmarker, Englandmarker, and during World War II was evacuated to North Runctonmarker, in Norfolk. In 1944 he passed his eleven plus exam, winning a scholarship to Hackney Downs Grocers Schoolmarker. After a year there he moved to Wilson's Grammar School (now Wilson's Schoolmarker) in Wallington, South Londonmarker, which he left at sixteen after gaining a School Certificate in six subjects. He then worked briefly as a filing clerk and messenger for a film company in Victoria Streetmarker and the film producer Jay Lewis in Wardour Streetmarker. From April 1952 to 1954 he did the compulsory National Service in the British Army as a Fusilier in the Royal Fusiliers, serving at the BAOR HQ in Iserlohnmarker, Germanymarker and in combat in the Korean War. Caine has said he would like to see the return of National Service to help combat youth violence saying "I'm just saying put them in the Army for six months. You're there to learn how to defend your country. You belong to the country. Then when you come out, you have a sense of belonging rather than a sense of violence."

Career

When Caine first became an actor, he adopted the stage name "Michael Scott". His agent soon informed him, however, that another actor was already using the same name, and that he had to come up with a new name immediately. Speaking to his agent from a telephone box in Leicester Squaremarker in London, Caine looked around for inspiration, noted that The Caine Mutiny was being shown at the Odeon Cinema, and decided to change his name to "Michael Caine". He has joked in interviews that had he looked the other way, he would have ended up as "Michael One Hundred and One Dalmatians".

1960s

Caine's acting career began in Horshammarker, Sussex. He responded to an advertisement for an assistant stage manager for the Horsham-based Westminster Repertory Company. This led to walk-on roles at the Carfax Theatre. After several minor roles, Caine entered the public eye as the upper-class British Army officer Gonville Bromhead VC in the 1964 film Zulu. This proved paradoxical, as Caine was to become notable for using a regional accent, rather than the Received Pronunciation hitherto considered proper for film actors. At the time, Caine's working-class Cockney, just as with The Beatles' Liverpudlianmarker accents, stood out to American and British audiences alike. Zulu was closely followed by two of his best-known roles: the spy Harry Palmer in The Ipcress File (1965), and the woman-chasing title character in Alfie (1966). He went on to play Palmer in a further four films, Funeral in Berlin (1966), Billion Dollar Brain (1967), Bullet to Beijing (1995), and Midnight in Saint Petersburg (1995). Caine made his first movie in the United States in 1966, after an invitation from Shirley MacLaine to play opposite her in Gambit. During the first two weeks, whilst staying at The Beverly Hills Hotelmarker, he met long term friends John Wayne and agent "Swifty" Lazar.

1970s

After working on The Italian Job, with Noël Coward, and a solid role as an RAF fighter pilot, Squadron Leader Canfield, in the all-star cast of Battle of Britain (both 1969), Caine played the lead in Get Carter (1971), a British gangster film. Caine was busy with successes including Sleuth (1972), opposite Laurence Olivier and The Man Who Would Be King (1975), co-starring Sean Connery and directed by John Huston). In 1976, he appeared in the screen adaptation by Tom Mankiewicz of the Jack Higgins novel, The Eagle Has Landed, as Oberst (Colonel) Kurt Steiner, the commander of a Luftwaffe paratroop brigade disguised as Polish paratroopers, whose mission was to kidnap or kill the then-British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, alongside co-stars Donald Sutherland, Robert Duvall, Jenny Agutter and Donald Pleasance. Subsequently, in 1978, he starred in The Silver Bears, an adaptation of Paul Erdman's (1974) novel of the same name. Caine also was part of an all-star cast in A Bridge Too Far (1977).

1980s

By the end of the decade, he had moved to the United States, but his choice of roles was often criticised he admitted to and has since made many self-deprecating comments about taking parts in numerous movies he knew to be bad strictly for the money, despite working with Hollywood's highly regarded directors such as Irwin Allen, Richard Fleischer, Michael Ritchie and Oliver Stone. Caine was averaging two films a year, but these included such failures as the Academy Award-nominated The Swarm (1978), Ashanti (1979) (which he claimed were the worst two films of all the other worst films he ever made), Beyond the Poseidon Adventure (1979), The Island (1980), The Hand (1981) and a reunion with his Sleuth co-star Laurence Olivier in The Jigsaw Man (1982). Although Caine also took better roles, including a BAFTA-winning turn in Educating Rita (1983), and an Oscar-winning one in Hannah and Her Sisters (1986) and a Golden Globe-nominated one in Dirty Rotten Scoundrels (1988), he continued to appear in notorious duds like the financially-successful-but-critical-failure Jaws: The Revenge (1987) (in which he had mixed feelings about the production and the final cut) and Bullseye! (1990); his appearing in so many films which did not meet with critical or box office acclaim made him the butt of numerous jokes on the subject. Of the former, Caine famously said (primarily about Jaws: The Revenge) "I have never seen the film, but by all accounts it was terrible. However I have seen the house that it built, and it is terrific." All these film failures later became cult films among his fans today. His other successful films (either critically and/or financially) were the 1978 Academy Award-winning California Suite, the 1980 Golden Globe-nominated slasher film Dressed to Kill, the 1981 war film Escape to Victory, the 1982 film Deathtrap, and the 1986 Academy Award-nominated Mona Lisa.

1990s

The 1990s were a lean time for Caine, as he found good parts harder to come by. A high point came when he played Ebenezer Scrooge in the critically-acclaimed Muppet Christmas Carol (1992), which he considers to be one of his most memorable roles. He played the beleaguered stage director Lloyd Dallas in the film adaptation of Noises Off (1992). He also played a villain in the Steven Seagal flop On Deadly Ground (1994). He was in two straight to video Harry Palmer sequels and a few television movies. However, Caine's reputation as a pop icon was still intact, thanks to his roles in films such as The Italian Job and Get Carter. His performance in 1998's Little Voice was seen as something of a return to form, and won him a Golden Globe Award.

2000s

Better parts followed, including The Cider House Rules (1999), for which he won his second Oscar, Last Orders (2001), The Quiet American (2002) and others which helped rehabilitate his reputation. Several of Caine's classic films have been remade to appeal to new, younger audiences, including The Italian Job, Get Carter, Alfie, and Sleuth. In the 2007 remake of Sleuth, Caine took over the role Laurence Olivier played in the 1972 version, and Jude Law played Caine's original role. Caine also starred in Austin Powers: Goldmember (2002) as Austin's father. In 2005, he was cast as Bruce Wayne's butler Alfred Pennyworth in the first production of the new Batman film series. In 2006, he appeared in the films Children of Men and The Prestige. In 2007 he appeared in Flawless, while in 2008 he reprised his role as Alfred in Christopher Nolan's critically acclaimed Batman sequel, The Dark Knight as well as starring in the British drama Is Anybody There?, which explores the final days of life.

It was reported by Empire magazine that Caine had said that Harry Brown (released on 13 November 2009) would be his last lead role. Caine later declared (in the Daily Mirror) that he had been misquoted by the magazine.

Awards and honours

Caine has been Oscar-nominated six times, winning his first Academy Award for the 1986 film Hannah and Her Sisters, and his second in 1999 for The Cider House Rules, in both cases as a supporting actor. Caine is one of only two actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting (either lead or supporting) in every decade since the 1960s . The other is Jack Nicholson.

He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1992 Queen's Birthday Honours, and in the 2000 New Year Honours he was knighted as Sir Maurice Micklewhite, CBE. (such awards must be conferred upon recipients' legal names, and Caine had not yet abandoned his birth name).

In 2008, he was awarded the prize for Outstanding Contribution to Showbusiness at the Variety Club Awards.

In popular culture

Caine is a popular subject for impressionist and mimics, having a voice and manner of speaking that are distinctive, yet fairly easy to imitate. Most Caine impressions include the catchphrase "Not a lot of people know that." Peter Sellers initiated this when he appeared on BBC1's Parkinson show on 28 October 1972 and said: The line had been used earlier in the Spike Milligan script for The Last Goon Show of All, performed on October 5th, 1972:In 1983, Caine was given the line to say as an in-joke in the film Educating Rita. The line was parodied in Harry Enfield's Television Programme by Paul Whitehouse, who introduced himself with the line "My name is Michael Paine, and I am a nosey neighbour." On 16 December 2007, Caine was the second guest on Michael Parkinson's Final Conversation.

Personal life



Caine lives near Leatherheadmarker in Surreymarker, and is patron to the Leatherhead Drama Festival. He has also lived in North Stoke, Oxfordshiremarker, Clewermarker near Windsor, Berkshiremarker, Lowestoftmarker in Suffolk and Chelsea Harbourmarker in London. In addition, Caine owns a unit at The Apogee in Miami Beach, Floridamarker. He still keeps a small flat near where he grew up in South East London.

He was married to actress Patricia Haines from 1955 to 1958. They had one daughter named Dominique. He dated Bianca Jagger in 1968. Caine has been married to actress and model Shakira Baksh since 8 January 1973. They met after Caine saw her appearing in a Maxwell House coffee commercial and a friend gave him her telephone number. They have a daughter named Natasha.

Some time after his mother died, Caine and his younger brother, Stanley, learned they had an elder half-brother, named David. He suffered from severe epilepsy and had been kept in Cane Hill Mental hospital his entire life. Although their mother regularly visited her first son in the hospital, even her husband did not know the child existed. David died in 1992.

Caine is a fan of the Chelsea Football Club.

Trivia books written by Caine include Not Many People Know That!, And Not Many People Know This Either!, Michael Caine's Moving Picture Show and Not A Lot of People Know This is 1988. Proceeds from the books went to the National Playing Fields Association (now Fields In Trust) of which Caine was a prominent supporter.

Unlike many actors who adopt their stage name for everyday use, Caine still uses his real name when he is not working.

Politics

Caine has been open about his political views. He left Britain in the 1970s, citing the 82% tax levied on top earners by the Labour Party government of the time, but returned to Britain several years later when taxes were lowered:

“I decided not to become a tax exile, so I stayed in Britain, but they kept putting the tax up, so I’d do any old thing every now and then to pay the tax, that was my tax exile money.
I realised that’s not a socialist country, it’s a communist country without a dictator, so I left and I was never going to come back.
Maggie Thatcher came in and put the taxes back down and in the end, you know, you don’t mind paying tax.
What am I going to do?
Not pay tax and drive around in a Rolls Royce, with cripples begging on the street like you see in some countries?”


“I voted for Maggie Thatcher because I thought we needed a change from that long period of socialism; I voted for Tony Blair because we had a great long period of Conservatism.”


In 2009 Caine openly criticised the Labour Party government’s new 50% tax on top earners:

“The Government has taken tax up to 50 per cent and if it goes to 51 I will be back in America.
They have reached their limit with me and that's what will happen to a lot of people.
You know how much they made out of that high taxation all those years ago?
Nothing.
But they sent a mass of incredible brains to America.
We've got 3.5million layabouts laying about on benefits, and I'm 76, getting up at 6am to go to work to keep them.
Let's get everybody back to work so we can save a couple of billion and cut tax, not keep sticking it on.”


“You're saying to poor people, 'let's tax those rich gits' and I understand that.
You slice up the cake, give everyone a chance, but don't destroy the people that are making the bloody cake!
I really believe about taking care of people, I don't mind paying tax.
It's how the government spends my tax that I detest, really detest, because I see the waste.
More money than all our income tax is spent on benefits.
Now you tell me there is nothing wrong with that system.”


In 2009 Caine revealed he was likely to vote for the Conservative Party again:

“I'll probably vote Conservative.
I mean, we're in a terrible state whichever way you look at it, socially, financially and politically, so just give the other guy a chance.
I don't know what Cameron's (David Cameron) going to do, but in the end you vote out of desperation.
You just have to have someone new and see what happens.”


Musical career

Caine is a fan of chillout music and has compiled a mix CD called Cained, which was released in 2007 by UMTV. According to Michael Caine, he met with Elton John, and was discussing musical tastes, when Caine claimed that he had been creating chillout mix tapes as an amateur for years. Also in music, Caine provided vocal samples for British band Madness for their 1984 hit "Michael Caine" as his daughter was a fan. He has sung in movie roles as well, including for the musical movie, The Muppet Christmas Carol.

Filmography, Awards and nominations

References

External links




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